According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), in 2018, about 17% of the electricity generated was from renewable sources (primarily wind, solar & hydropower), with 6.6% coming from wind.
Converting wind into electricity is increasingly affordable, but it can sometimes be difficult to get the various governmental approvals necessary to string the power lines from the remote areas where the energy is produced to the more populated places where it’s consumed. Towns like Palm Springs receive all of their electricity from wind farms surrounding the town. But getting wind from Missouri to the East is more complicated.
While Amory B. Lovins, co-founder and chief scientist at the Rocky Mountain Institute, a Colorado-based nonprofit organization that advises on renewable energy, said, “We could run the whole East Coast on offshore wind,” the challenges are many: The first five in the US went up in 2016 providing 100% energy to Block Island with the excess going to Rhode Island’s mainland. The 30 MW project was developed by Deepwater Wind, a company struggling to gain the approvals necessary to make landfall within the town of East Hampton for the next 15 turbines.