Before you do anything might think about Grist’s fabulous article about how to talk to a climate skeptic..


Talking Climate

Although contested by many climate deniers, 97% of the world’s climate-related scientific studies have determined that climate change is real and humans are primarily responsible. John Cook first published this finding in 2013, and new findings now show that 99.9% of climate-related scientific studies demonstrate that climate change is real.

What scientists believe and what regular Americans believe, however, continues to differ.

Politics began to play a role early on. In November, 2009, a Washington Post poll revealed that the percentage of Americans who believe global warming is happening dipped from 80% to 72%. In that article, reporter  Juliet Eilperin explained, “The increase in climate skepticism is driven largely by a shift within the GOP. Since its peak 3 1/2 years ago, belief that climate change is happening is down sharply among Republicans -- 76 to 54 percent -- and independents -- 86 to 71 percent. It dipped more modestly among Democrats, from 92 to 86 percent. A majority of respondents still support legislation to cap emissions and trade pollution allowances, by 53 to 42 percent.” By February 2022, with polling still at 72%, Yale published a detailed and highly interactive Climate Opinion Map detailing how climate change beliefs vary across the country. Another poll, in May 2022, reported that only 40% of registered voters consider climate change to be “a very important issue “ahead of the 2022 midterm elections. Of those, “6 in 10 registered Democrats say the climate crisis will be a very important factor when they decide who to vote for in November. By contrast, global warming is near or at the bottom of congressional voting priorities among Republicans,” says the study.

Unfortunately, billions of dollars have been poured into misinformation campaigns to inhibit climate change progress and America remains heavily dependent on fossil fuels with record profits being posted in the summer of 2022 by Exxon and other major fossil fuel corporations.  The prominence of denialism in our national conversation about climate change is a product of these campaigns and continues to stall progress. CCR has created a page focused on GREENWASHING.

What is the first thing we need to do to address climate change? Simple: we need to understand it, accept the science, and act. This section provides news and resources to help you understand, accept, and communicate with people who are still skeptical about the reality of climate change. You might want to start with a 2019 video from Climate Crocks.

Accurate information is the foundation of a functioning democracy. A website called Climate Feedback is a worldwide network of scientists sorting fact from fiction in climate change media coverage. It is highly recommended if you find yourself unclear about something you have read in this time of so much misinformation.

There is also:
•  an awesome history answering the questions of “What did we know and when did we know it?” found at NASA.
•  a good quiz from the Washington Post.
•  a game developed by scientist John Cook called crankyuncle, using cartoons and critical thinking to fight misinformation used by climate change deniers. (Also available as a Teacher’s Guide)



Climate Change 2021The Physical Science Basis Summary for Policymakers

This Summary for Policymakers (SPM) presents key findings of the Working Group I (WGI) contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6)1


The biggest part of any creative company’s carbon footprint is the work you do for your clients. One campaign for a fossil fuel client can undo all of an agency’s sustainability gains.

From Carbon Capture To Carbon Tax, A Guide To Climate Change Jargon Ahead Of COP26

With the UN climate conference COP26 on the horizon, headlines, taglines, and political speeches are about to be filled with acronyms and jargon.

Fossil Fuels Are Driving the Climate Crisis

Fossil Free Media strengthens the movement to end fossil fuels through creative communications. Get in touch with us to learn more about how we can support your work.

Disinformation Techniques: A Glossary

From war to cigarettes, guns to GMOs to global warming, there are really only a handful of techniques that have been deployed over the past 125 years or so to shape and control public opinion,…

OED and The Climate Connection: taking the temperature

The Climate Connection (#TheClimateConnection) is a new podcast series from the British Council which explores the relationship between the climate crisis and language education. In partnership with Oxford University Press, and featuring a selection of…

Understanding and countering misinformation about climate change

While there is overwhelming scientific agreement on climate change, the public have become polarized over fundamental questions such as human-caused global warming. Communication strategies to reduce polarization rarely address the underlying cause: ideologically-driven misinformation disseminated…

Debunking Handbook 2020

The Debunking Handbook 2020 summarises the current state of the science of misinformation and its debunking. It was written by a team of 22 prominent scholars of misinformation and its debunking, and it represents the…

Climate Insights 2020: Synthesis Report

The synthesis report of the Climate Insights 2020 survey, a joint effort to examine American attitudes on climate change by researchers at Stanford University, Resources for the Future, and ReconMR, provides insight into what Americans…

Assessing ExxonMobil’s climate change communications (1977–2014)

This paper assesses whether ExxonMobil Corporation has in the past misled the general public about climate change.

Climate Change History

Climate change is the long-term alteration in Earth’s climate and weather patterns. It took nearly a century of research and data to convince the vast majority of the scientific community that human activity could alter…

Climate Feedback

Climate Feedback is a worldwide network of scientists sorting fact from fiction in climate change media coverage. Our goal is to help readers know which news to trust.

Katharine Hayhoe Encourages Conversations to Build a Climate of Hope

Climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe advises those feeling hopeless about climate change to think about who you are and what you value. Whether you are a parent, a churchgoer, a Rotary Club member or a birder,…

Climate Central

Extreme Weather Videos

Course: Making Sense of Climate Science Denial

Climate change is real, so why the controversy and debate? Learn to make sense of the science and to respond to climate change denial with this free online course.

Get The Facts Out on climate change and tell deniers to #GTFO

Climate deniers are still finding new and creative ways to stick their heads in the sand and follow the fossil fuel industry’s playbook by insisting that climate change isn’t happening, or that humans aren’t to…

Climate Disinformation Database

Welcome to the DeSmog Climate Disinformation Research Database where you can search and browse our extensive research on the individuals and organizations that have helped to delay and distract the public and our elected leaders…

The Psychology of Climate Change Communication

A Guide for Scientists, Journalists, Educators, Political Aides, and the Interested Public

Let’s Talk Climate: A How-To Guide

You know that the science on climate change is clear. But less than half of us talk about it with family and friends—and we can’t fix what we don’t talk about. Check out our how-to…

How to Understand and Talk About Climate Change – Dr. Katharine Hayhoe

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently produced a report showing that the world needs to cut carbon pollution far more quickly than current rates to avoid severe consequences. But how can the global community…

Climate change science comeback strategies

Steering conversations with people adamantly resistant to accepting climate science. Here are four strategies, each from a distinctly different point of view, each penned by an expert, each useful in either a face-to-face conversation or…

How Big Oil Lost Control of Its Climate Misinformation Campaign

A campaign of climate misinformation has been running into America for decades now, largely funded by the fossil fuel industry. Now, the campaign has only become more extreme, and as some of its earliest leaders…

15 ways to powerfully communicate climate change solutions politics

Should campaigners be publishing in more local languages, or pushing for climate change to be taught at school? Our panel share their suggestions for the best ways to promote positive action.

12 tools for communicating climate change more effectively

12 Tools for Communicating Climate Change" from will help you take your first step to advance your communication skills.

How to Talk to a Science Denier Without Arguing

Scientific American also has a very helpful guide to engaging climate skeptics in productive discussion. They even came up with an acronym for the steps you should take: EGRIP.

Global Warming’s 6 Americas

This project from Yale Program on Climate Change Communication debunks a myth held pretty unanimously throughout the US: that people are either climate change believers or deniers. In fact, Americans can be grouped according to…

Global Warming and Climate Change Myths

A highlight of John Cook’s fabulous blog, Skeptical Science, this page lists out the most common myths that have been disseminated about climate change and global warming, along with the appropriate, science-based responses.

DeSmog Blog

DeSmog Blog has a disinformation database that tracks individuals and organizations spreading climate skepticism and tracks their funding sources and actions. They also provide reporting on new trends in misinformation efforts.

Skeptical Science

Skeptical Science provides informed responses to climate deniers’ myths. This is the best place to start improving your climate communication skills.

Yale Program on Climate Change Communication

Yale’s Program on Climate Change Communication conducts and publishes research on effective approaches to communicating about climate change. They can answer important questions like: What kind of people listen to what kind of information? How…

Fossil Fueled Foolery: An Illustrated Primer on the Top 10 Manipulation Tactics of the Fossil Fuel Industry

The NAACP’s mission is to uphold and defend civil and human rights. Accordingly, we are duty-bound to confront corporations wielding power to manipulate systems and oppress communities to the detriment of the sustainability of the…


Scientists agree: Climate change is real and caused by people

by Samantha Harrington  Photo: Western Arctic National Parklands / CC BY 2.0   02/17/22  
Scientific academies, professional societies, associations, governmental and nongovernmental organizations and published research worldwide are aligned.

How Politics, Society and Tech Shape the Path of Climate Change

By Kat Kerlin   02/16/22  
Politics and society largely dictate climate policy ambitions and therefore the trajectory of greenhouse gas emissions, yet climate change models and projections rarely include political and social drivers. A study from the University of California,…

How hot will the planet get? Public opinion is key factor, finds study

By Sofia Quaglia  Photo: Rodger Bosch , Getty Images   02/16/22  
Scientists have modelled thousands of possible futures, and found that different social attitudes could make the difference between a temperature increase of just 1.8C or 3.6C by the end of the 21st century.

Why climate change talk must focus on water, not just carbon

By Mridula Ramesh  Photo: Shutterstock   02/13/22  
Nothing works like clarity in getting things done. And the world needs to get down its carbon emissions to keep it habitable for most of us in the not-too-distant future. Naturally, then, most climate conversations…

The end of natural gas has to start with its name

By Rebecca Leber  Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images   02/10/22  
The oil and gas industry didn’t invent the name. But it invented the myth of a clean fuel.

Top corporations have vowed to fight climate change. Researchers say their plans fall short.

By Steven Mufson  Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images   02/06/22  
Some of the world’s best-known corporations have clamored to show how seriously they are taking climate change, with an increasing number pledging to eliminate their carbon footprints in the decades ahead. But many of those…

Busting The Three Big Myths Of Sustainable Business

By Solitaire Townsend   01/30/22  
When myths are stories, with colourful characters, epic journeys and relatable heroes, they can be wonderful things – they can inspire, invigorate, and introduce new ideas. But when myths are just plain falsehoods, they’re not…

Youngkin and Peterson Prove Climate Change Is A Front in the Culture Wars, Like It Or Not

By Daily Kos Staff  Photo: Walter Einenkel   01/21/22  
Recently sworn-in Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin rarely mentioned environmental issues during his campaign, and as folks have pointed out, while Youngkin may have tried to present himself as a moderate Republican and kept his distance…

More than 450 scientists call on PR and ad firms to cut their ties with fossil fuel clients

By Steven Mufson  Photo: Drew Angerer/Getty Images   01/19/22  
The public relations giant Edelman vaulted to the top of its profession with clever campaigns that burnished the images of leading corporations. Now, under fire for its work on behalf of fossil fuel companies, Edelman…

How Exxon is using an unusual law to intimidate critics over its climate denial

By Chris McGreal  Photo: Reginald Mathalone/NurPhoto   01/18/22  
ExxonMobil is attempting to use an unusual Texas law to target and intimidate its critics, claiming that lawsuits against the company over its long history of downplaying and denying the climate crisis violate the US…

A consumer’s guide to shoveling out of EV falsehoods

By Antonio Peronace   01/14/22  
EV misinformation has reared its head again, but this time it seems to be stuck spinning its wheels in the snow. You may have seen a recent Washington Post editorial that expressed some concern about…

Defusing the Global Climate Emergency Depends on Defusing the Democracy Emergency

By Mark Hertsgaard  Photo: Getty Images   01/07/22  
A year ago today, Mitch McConnell and Kevin McCarthy were fleeing for their lives as a violent mob swarmed the halls of the U.S. Capitol. With their personal safety at risk, the two most powerful…

Just a little too slow: Why journalists struggle to cover climate change

By Bill Mckibben   01/06/22  
The runaway success of Don’t Look Up — after 12 days it’s already the third-most viewed film in Netflix history — should have several salutary results, including perhaps a new willingness in Hollywood to make…

Fossil fuel firms among biggest spenders on Google ads that look like search results

By Niamh McIntyre   01/05/22  
Fossil fuel companies and firms that work closely with them are among the biggest spenders on ads designed to look like Google search results, in what campaigners say is an example of “endemic greenwashing”.

How to talk climate change at Christmas dinner without picking a fight with your uncle

By Stella Favaro and Ellie Smith  Photo: Yalonda M. James , The Chronicle 2019   12/25/21  
Talking about climate change with family can be nerve-wracking and infuriating any time of year. But the opportunity for frustrations to go from mild to explosive peaks around the holidays, especially when meals force everyone…

Grappling with Climate Change Communication and Misinformation | Science News Now

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. These shifts may be natural, such as through variations in the solar cycle. But since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver…

Climate change news coverage reached all-time high, language to describe it shifting

By Kelsey Simpkins   12/21/21  
United States news coverage of climate change reached an all-time high in October and November, according to recent data from the Media and Climate Change Observatory (MeCCO), an international, multi-university collaboration based at the University…

Did 2021 Deal a Fatal Blow to Climate-Change Denial?

By Tom Yulsman  Photo: Daniel Brown , AP   12/21/21  
From brutal heat in North America and Siberia to devastating flooding in China and Europe, 2021 delivered worsening climate extremes of the kind long predicted by scientists. Streetcar cables melted in Portland. A raging river…

New artificial intelligence tool detects most common climate falsehoods

By Kasha Patel   12/09/21  
After nearly five years of development and tweaking, John Cook and his colleagues debuted their project: a machine-learning algorithm that can detect climate misinformation on the Web.

If You Fund the Research, You Can Shape the World

By Amy Westervelt  Photo: Hy Peskin , Getty Images   12/01/21  
Much has been made, and rightly so, of the Koch network’s impact on universities. Entire campus projects exist to ferret out Koch cash, which is powering everything from the Regulatory Studies Center at George Washington…

Exxon lobbyist questions urgency of climate’s catastrophic risks

By Desmond Butler   11/24/21  
Just last month, ExxonMobil CEO Darren Woods assured lawmakers his company neither disputed the scientific consensus on climate change nor lobbied against efforts to cut carbon pollution. But a lobbyist for the oil giant struck…

How to deal with climate change-denying relatives

By Richard C. J. Somerville  Photo: Getty Images   11/21/21  
What with the less than stellar news from COP 26, the strains of the upcoming holiday season, lingering COVID anti-vaxxers, and the latest poll results that say that many Americans still deny the evidence for…

Climate denial is waning on the right. What’s replacing it might be just as scary

By Oliver Milman  Photo: Johannes Eisele/AFP/Getty Images   11/21/21  
Standing in front of the partial ruins of Rome’s Colosseum, Boris Johnson explained that a motive to tackle the climate crisis could be found in the fall of the Roman empire. Then, as now, he…

Axios Generate

By Ben German and Andrew Freedman  Photo: Aida Amer , Axios   11/19/21  
According to new results from a national poll from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, a record high of 7-in-10 Americans said they are at least “somewhat worried” about global warming. This beats out…

Climate change deniers are attacking solutions instead of the science

By Kate Yoder  Graphic: Grist / Getty Images   11/18/21  
Believe it or not, it’s nearly 2022 and some people still think we shouldn’t do anything about the climate crisis. Even though most Americans understand that carbon emissions are overheating the planet and want to…

The forgotten oil ads that told us climate change was nothing

By Geoffrey Supran and Naomi Oreskes   11/18/21  
Why is meaningful action to avert the climate crisis proving so difficult? It is, at least in part, because of ads. The fossil fuel industry has perpetrated a multi-decade, multibillion dollar disinformation, propaganda and lobbying…

The strong winds of climate change have failed to move the opinions of many Americans

By Darrel Fears and Emily Guskin  Photo: Yves Herman , Reuters   11/12/21  
Even as windstorms became more powerful, wildfires grew more deadly and rising seas made damaging floods more frequent, Americans’ views about the threat of global warming over the past few years remain largely unchanged, a…

Twitter’s new strategy to fight climate lies: Give users accurate information first

By Aaron Gregg  Photo: Kirill Kudryavtsev , Getty Images   11/01/21  
Twitter says it is attempting to combat climate disinformation by steering its massive user base to reliable information with more context, a strategy the company calls “pre-bunking.”

Searching for Hidden Meaning in Climate Jargon

By The New York Times Climate Desk   10/31/21  
Governments are committing to net zero. Sustainable products are being sold to you on Instagram. Banks are pushing E.S.G.s. As climate change gets worse, it seems like everyone wants you to know that they’re doing…

Rep. Katie Porter Used Her Costco Haul to Embarrass Big Oil

By Brianna Provenzano  Photo: Alex Wong / Staff (Getty Images)   10/29/21  
Whenever a smart, powerful woman starts using literal grains of rice to illustrate her point, you know you done goofed. Big Oil companies found that out the hard way when, during a House Oversight Committee…

A House committee has been investigating the role fossil fuel companies have played in disseminating climate misinformation

By Nick Sobczyk  Photo: Ting Shen Getty Images   10/29/21  
House Oversight and Reform Chair Carolyn Maloney said yesterday that she intends to subpoena four major oil companies and two trade organizations for documents and communications as part of her committee’s investigation into climate misinformation.

Oil Executives Testify on Industry’s Role in Climate Disinformation

By Hiroko Tabuchi and Lisa Friedman  Photo: Jacquelyn Martin/Associated Press   10/28/21  
In a historic hearing, the leaders of some of the most powerful energy companies in the world are appearing before a House panel to face questioning on climate change.

‘Eyes in the Sky’: New NASA Satellite Will Watch Climate Change

By David Roberts  Photo: Isabella Reyes-Klein   10/27/21  
In recent years, there’s been a lot of talk about America’s polluted information environment — the ubiquity of disinformation — driven by social media and “fake news.” What is less discussed is that purposefully crafted…

In Your Facebook Feed: Oil Industry Pushback Against Biden Climate Plans

By Hiroko Tabuchi  Photo: Brendan Smialowski/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images   10/27/21  
The ads appear on Facebook millions of times a week. They take aim at vulnerable Democrats in Congress by name, warning that the $3.5 trillion budget bill — one of the Biden administration’s biggest efforts…

Despite Cutbacks, ExxonMobil Continues to Fund Climate Science Denial

By Elliott Negin   10/26/21  
In a secret video recording made public in late June, a top ExxonMobil lobbyist—Keith McCoy, who was fired soon afterward—not only conceded that the oil giant’s support for a carbon tax is a sham, but…

Politics & Global Warming, September 2021

By Anthony Leiserowitz and others   10/20/21  
Drawing on a representative sample of the U.S. adult population (n = 1,006; including the 898 registered voters whose data are included in this report), these findings describe how registered voters view a variety of…

More than 99.9% of studies agree: Humans caused climate change

By Krishna Ramanujan   10/19/21  
More than 99.9% of peer-reviewed scientific papers agree that climate change is mainly caused by humans, according to a new survey of 88,125 climate-related studies. The research updates a similar 2013 paper revealing that 97%…

“People vs. Fossil Fuels”: Over 530 Arrested in Historic Indigenous-Led Climate Protests in D.C.

This week over 530 climate activists were arrested during Indigenous-led civil disobedience actions in Washington, D.C., calling on President Joe Biden to declare a climate emergency and stop approving fossil fuel projects. Indigenous leaders have…

67% of Americans perceive a rise in extreme weather, but partisans differ over government efforts to address it

By Cary Funk and Alec Tyson  Photo: Sean Rayford/Getty Images   10/14/21  
Two-thirds of Americans say extreme weather events across the country have been occurring more often than in the past. Far fewer say they’re happening about as often (28%), and only 4% say they are happening…

Why You Should Talk About Climate Change Right Now

By Katharine Hayhoe  Photo: Maja Hitij (Getty Images)   10/13/21  
Climate solutions are complex and multifaceted. Our response to the challenges climate change poses to our world, our identity, and our way of life are even more so. It’s taken a whole book even to…

The Fight to Control the Narrative Over Climate and Energy Security

By Ciara Nugent  Photo: Finnbarr Webster—Getty Images   10/13/21  
Russian president Vladimir Putin had some unsolicited advice for the rest of Europe last week. Speaking at a government meeting Oct. 5, he warned that the energy crisis currently roiling the continent—which has pushed natural…

NOAA upgrades climate website amid growing demand for climate information

NOAA’s Climate Program Office today launched a newly redesigned version of, NOAA’s award-winning, flagship website that provides the public with clear, timely, and science-based information about climate. The redesign expands the site’s already significant…

Google bans ads on content, including YouTube videos, with false claims about climate change.

By Daisuke Wakabayashi  Photo: Josh Edelson/AFP   10/07/21  
Google said it will no longer display advertisements on YouTube videos and other content that promote inaccurate claims about climate change.

Study Shows Why We Need 1.5 Degree Lifestyles and How to Get There

By Lloyd Alter   10/07/21  
"1.5 Degree Lifestyles: Toward a Fair Consumption Space for All" is a major update of the 2019 study "1.5 Degree Lifestyles"—and the inspiration for my book "Living the 1.5 Degree Lifestyle"—that demonstrated "changes in consumption…

There’s Hope Along The Road To Fixing Climate Change

By Robert Kunzig  Photo: Don Arnold   10/05/21  
Not long ago Nature reported a disturbing study of the world’s youth—a survey of 10,000 people age 16 to 25, from 10 representative countries, for their feelings about climate change. Some 75 percent said the…

Are Americans Concerned About Global Warming?

By Lydia Saad   10/05/21  
Close to two thirds of U.S. adults are concerned about global warming, with 43% worrying about it "a great deal" and 22% "a fair amount." Gallup also finds 43% of Americans believing that global warming…

Walmart calls for “strong climate policy now,” backs campaign to kill strong climate policy

By Judd Legum  Photo: Rick T. Wilking/Getty Images   09/30/21  
In a new post on LinkedIn, Walmart's Chief Sustainability Officer, Kathleen McLaughlin, underscored the company's commitment to addressing climate change. But McLaughlin noted, correctly, that "even the most ambitious voluntary individual and collective actions are…

Is It Worth Trying to Sway the Most Staunch Climate Deniers?

By Jessica Colarossi  Photo: Tayfun Coskun   09/29/21  
Thanks to algorithms that learn about social media users’ content preferences, Facebook timelines, Twitter feeds, suggested YouTube videos, and other news streams can look startlingly different from one person’s online account to the next. Media…

Maybe it’s ok to tell people we’re running out of time to stop climate change

By Sarah DeWeerdt   09/21/21  
Reading an article that says we only have 12 years left to reduce emissions before abrupt and catastrophic climate change occurs ups people’s willingness to support government climate policies, according to a new study. The…

Lawmakers launch investigation into climate crisis disinformation by fossil fuel industry

By Ella Nilsen   09/16/21  
The House Oversight and Reform Committee announced Thursday it is launching an investigation into fossil fuel industry disinformation on the climate crisis. The committee invited the heads of six oil companies and major lobbying groups…