REPORTS & PAPERS 2022

2022 REPORTS AND PAPERS

REPORTS AND PAPERS

2022 REPORTS & PAPERS

Global Carbon Budget 2022

By Pierre Friedlingstein, Michael O'Sullivan and Others 11/11/22
Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate is critical to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe and synthesize data sets and…

World heritage glaciers: sentinels of climate change

01/01/22
Limiting global warming to 1.5°C could save glaciers in two-thirds of World Heritage sites Glaciers are crucial sources of life on Earth as they provide vital water resources to half of humanity for domestic use, agriculture and hydropower. They are also sacred places for many local communities and attract millions…

Circular Claims Fall Flat Again

10/27/22
A recent Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report projects that global plastic use and waste will nearly triple by 2060 with a meager increase in plastic recycling, resulting in a doubling of global plastic pollution. The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) estimated that the volume of…

State Of Climate Action 2022

By Joel Jaeger, Sophie Boehm and Others 10/27/22
Our climate is already changing dramatically, with 1.1°C of global average warming since the preindustrial era. This past year, an unbearable, deadly heatwave scorched India and Pakistan, with the highest temperatures ever recorded (Coleman 2022). Unprecedented heat also reached Antarctica, where temperatures were roughly 39°C above normal (Samenow and Patel…

Emissions Gap Report 2022

By Anne Olhoff, John Christensen and Others 10/27/22
As growing climate change impacts are experienced across the globe, the message that greenhouse gas emissions must fall is unambiguous. Yet the Emissions Gap Report 2022: The Closing Window – Climate crisis calls for rapid transformation of societies finds that the international community is falling far short of the Paris…
IEA

World Energy Outlook 2022

10/27/22
With the world in the midst of the first global energy crisis – triggered by Russia's invasion of Ukraine – the World Energy Outlook 2022 (WEO) provides indispensable analysis and insights on the implications of this profound and ongoing shock to energy systems across the globe.
WMO

Greenhouse Gas Bulletin

By Andy Crotwell, Ed Dlugokencky and Others 10/26/22
The Greenhouse Gas Bulletin represents the latest analysis of observations from the WMO GAW Programme. It shows globally averaged surface mole fractions for carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) and compares them with the mole fractions during the previous year and with the preindustrial levels. It also…

Explore the key findings of the 2022 report of the Lancet Countdown

By Marina Romanello, Claudia Di Napoli and Others 10/25/22
This year’s report finds that a persistent fossil fuel addiction is amplifying the health impacts of the concurrent crises we face...

State of the Birds 2022

10/22/22
The United States and Canada have lost 3 billion breeding birds since 1970—a loss of 1 in 4 birds, according to research published in Science in 2019. This steep decline in abundance can be reversed with new scales of conservation actions that benefit not only birds but also wildlife and…

The State of Nationally Determined Contributions: 2022

By Taryn Fransen, Christopher Henderson and Others 10/19/22
This report takes stock of countries’ latest NDCs and examines how these commitments have evolved since the Paris Agreement entered into force, identifying overall trends and pinpointing the elements where further action is needed. It finds that countries are making incremental progress on strengthening their NDCs, but what we really…
IEA

Defying expectations, CO2 emissions from global fossil fuel combustion are set to grow in 2022 by only a fraction of last year’s big increase

10/19/22
Despite concerns about the effects of the current energy crisis, global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion are expected to grow by just under 1% this year, only a small fraction of their increase last year, as a strong expansion of renewables and electric vehicles prevents a much…
WWF

Living Planet Report 2022

By Rob Alkemade, Francisco Alpfzar and Others 10/13/22
The Living Planet Report 2022 is a comprehensive study of trends in global biodiversity and the health of the planet. This flagship WWF publication reveals an average decline of 69% in species populations since 1970. While conservation efforts are helping, urgent action is required if we are to reverse nature…

Big Oil’s Real Agenda on Climate Change 2022

09/01/22
Extensive analysis finds that the five supermajors are spending hundreds of millions of dollars each year on a systematic strategy to portray themselves as positive and proactive on the climate change emergency. This is found to be inconsistent with the companies' plans for capital investment in their business. It is…

Crude Awakening: Oil industry pursuing massive build-out of new pipelines, led by projects in U.S., India, China, Russia

By Baird Langenbrunner 09/01/22
Buoyed by record profits, the oil industry is developing 24,166 km of new oil pipelines—enough to stretch nearly two-thirds around Earth— of which 10,351 km of which are already under construction, according to new data from Global Energy Monitor (GEM)...

The carbon capture crux: Lessons learned

By Bruce Robertson and Milad Mousavian 09/01/22
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a 50-year-old technology with variable results in capturing and storing carbon dioxide. Project developers have almost always reused the captured carbon for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), producing oil and gas and more emissions...

The American electric utility industry’s role in promoting climate denial, doubt, and delay

By Emily L Williams, Sydney A Bartone and Others 09/01/22
For decades, oil and gas companies have misled the public on climate science. Despite conducting their own research that showed climate change was real, these companies publicly sowed doubt about its existence and human cause (Oreskes and Conway 2010, Frumhoff et al 2015, Hall 2015, Supran and Oreskes 2017, Bonneuil…

Comprehensive Evidence Implies a Higher Social Cost of CO2

By Kevin Rennert, Frank Errickson and Others 09/01/22
The social cost of carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) measures the monetized value of the damages to society caused by an incremental metric tonne of CO2 emissions and is a key metric informing climate policy. Used by governments and other decision-makers in benefit-cost analysis for over a decade, SC-CO2 estimates draw on…

Greenland ice sheet climate disequilibrium and committed sea-level rise

By Jason E. Box, Alun Hubbard and Others 08/29/22
Ice loss from the Greenland ice sheet is one of the largest sources of contemporary sea-level rise (SLR). While process-based models place timescales on Greenland’s deglaciation, their confidence is obscured by model shortcomings including imprecise atmospheric and oceanic couplings. Here, we present a complementary approach resolving ice sheet disequilibrium with…

To create serious movement on climate change, we must dispel the myth of indifference

By Cynthia McPherson Frantz 08/23/22
Seventy eight percent of Americans—including 66% of Republicans—are concerned about climate change, a number that has increased dramatically in the last 3 years. Climate models and recent anomalous weather events such as a “once in a millennium” heat dome in the Northwest and unprecedented wildfires in California make clear that…

Response of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to past and future climate change

By Chris R. Stokes, Nerilie J. Abram and Others 08/10/22
The East Antarctic Ice Sheet contains the vast majority of Earth’s glacier ice (about 52 metres sea-level equivalent), but is often viewed as less vulnerable to global warming than the West Antarctic or Greenland ice sheets. However, some regions of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet have lost mass over recent decades,…
NAE

Loving the Least of These: Addressing a Changing Environment

By Dorothy Boorse 08/01/22
Evangelicals look to the Bible for guidance in all areas of life. What can the Bible say to us in this world where pollution, heat waves, floods and droughts are frequent? The Bible does not tell us anything directly about how to evaluate scientific reports or how to respond to…

Taking Stock 2022: US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Outlook in an Uncertain World

By Ben King, Hannah Kolus and Others 07/14/22
For the past eight years, Rhodium Group has provided an independent annual assessment of US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and progress towards achieving the country’s climate goals in our Taking Stock report series. Each year, we research trends in the key drivers of US GHG emissions—including technology cost and performance…

The Future of Copper: Will the looming supply gap short-circuit the energy transition?

07/01/22
Copper -- the "metal of electrification" -- is essential to the energy transition. But could a looming mismatch between available copper supply and future copper demand present challenges to the achievement of Net Zero Emissions by 2050 goals? The new S&P Global study, The Future of Copper: Will the looming…

Home is Where the Pipeline Ends: Characterization of Volatile Organic Compounds Present in Natural Gas at the Point of the Residential End User

By Drew R. Michanowicz, Archana Dayalu and Others 06/28/22
U.S. oil and natural gas (O&NG) production has grown substantially since 1990 and now makes up over 69% of the total U.S. energy consumption. Natural gas (NG) has become the dominant energy source for nearly all-consuming sectors in the U.S., including industrial (41%), commercial (38%), residential (42%), and electrical power…

Building Alliances

06/09/22
Alliances built at Resilient Nation Partnership Network (RNPN) among partners help drive action at the national, state, local, tribal, and territorial levels. These collaborations work toward improving equity and resilience...
ISD

Deny, Deceive, Delay: Documenting and Responding to Climate Disinformation at COP26 & Beyond – Summary

By Jennie King, Lukasz Janulewicz and Francesca Arcostanzo 06/09/22
In this executive summary we outline the most prominent discourses identified before, during and after COP26. These narratives show how the climate conversation has moved from outright climate denialism to delayism and distraction from acting. As these narratives infiltrate general discourse, stances on climate actions are entrenching into broader individual…

How President Biden Can Align the Federal Fossil Fuel Program to Deliver on Climate and Put People Over Profits

By Mattea Mrkusic, Lena Moffitt and Others 06/01/22
This report will focus on one of the dirtiest uses of America’s federal public lands and waters: fossil fuel development. The U.S. federal government sells leases to private companies which allow them to extract oil, gas, and coal in vast quantities from America’s public lands and waters. By doing so,…

The Turning Point

By Pradeep Philip, Claire Ibrahim and Cedric Hodges 05/01/22
The passage of time frames history—but it is the choices we make that define progress, and our humanity. Turning points can be purposeful—or imposed on us through either inertia or external forces beyond our control. Time and again, our actions, as one humanity, have demonstrated that we can solve the…

Avoiding ocean mass extinction from climate warming

By Justin L. Penn and Curtis Deutsch 04/28/22
Climate change brings with it the increasing risk of extinction across species and systems. Marine species face particular risks related to water warming and oxygen depletion. Penn and Deutsch looked at extinction risk for marine species across climate warming and as related to ecophysiological limits (see the Perspective by Pinsky…

Climate change increases cross-species viral transmission risk

By Colin J. Carlson, Gregory F. Albery and Others 04/28/22
At least 10,000 virus species have the capacity to infect humans, but at present, the vast majority are circulating silently in wild mammals. However, climate and land use change will produce novel opportunities for viral sharing among previously geographically-isolated species of wildlife...
ALA

What’s the State of YOUR Air

04/04/22
For 23 years, the American Lung Association has analyzed data from official air quality monitors to compile the State of the Air report. The more you learn about the air you breathe, the more you can protect your health and take steps to make the air cleaner and healthier.
NLC

What Cities Should Know About Climate Change and Populations on the Move

By Anna Marandi and Kelly Leilani 04/21/22
Americans have historically been some of the most mobile people in the world, continually seeking better housing and job opportunities. However, in recent years, mobility — particularly among young Americans — has slowed, due largely to dramatic increases in housing prices and housing-related debt among American families since the Great…

The Asset Managers Fueling Climate Chaos

By Lara Cuvelier 04/20/22
We surveyed 30 major asset managers, mostly headquartered in Europe (25) and in the US (5) and among the biggest institutions worldwide in terms of assets under management. We analyzed their investment practices regarding climate change, focusing on the fossil fuel sector as the priority sector to tackle. The first…

Methane emissions from US low production oil and natural gas well sites

By Mark Omara, Daniel Zavala-Araiza and Others 04/19/22
Mitigation of methane (CH4) emissions, a powerful greenhouse gas with >80× the 20-year warming potential of carbon dioxide is widely recognized as strategically integral to the attainment of the climate-neutrality goals of Paris Agreement. In the United States, official estimates from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) indicate nearly one-third…

Attribution of 2020 hurricane season extreme rainfall to human-induced climate change

By Kevin A. Reed, Michael F. Wehner and Colin M. Zarzycki 04/12/22
Hurricanes are among the most costly and deadly geophysical extremes on Earth. Hurricane damage is caused by extreme wind speeds and flooding due to storm surge and heavy amounts of rainfall over relatively short periods of times. The recent 2020 North Atlantic hurricane season was a clear example of the…

Global Warming of 1.5 ºC

04/04/22
An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty...

Zeroing in on Healthy Air

03/30/22
Zeroing in on Healthy Air finds that a widespread transition to zero-emission cars, trucks, buses and other vehicles, coupled with non-combustion, renewable energy resources would yield tremendous air quality, public health and climate benefits across the United States. To illustrate the potential benefits, a transition to 100 percent sales of…
IEA

Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2021

03/01/22
The global CO2 emissions and energy demand numbers are based on the IEA’s detailed region-by-region and fuel-by-fuel analysis, drawing on the latest official national data and publicly available energy, economic and weather data. Combined with the methane emissions estimates published by the IEA and estimates of nitrous oxide and flaring…

Podcast: Paulina Jaramillo on the IPCC’s new climate-solutions report

By David Roberts 04/13/22
Anyone who’s followed climate change for a while has become accustomed to the cycle of reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) — the dire warnings, the brief flurry of press coverage, and the rapid return to normal. It’s easy for them to blur together.

Revolutionary changes in transportation could slow global warming

By Alan Jenn 04/04/22
Around the world, revolutionary changes are under way in transportation. More electric vehicles are on the road, people are taking advantage of sharing mobility services such as Uber and Lyft, and the rise in telework during the COVID-19 pandemic has shifted the way people think about commuting.

Emissions must peak in 3 years to avoid worst climate change impacts

By Nicholas Reimann 04/04/22
The United Nations called on governments Monday to drastically reduce fossil fuel emissions and ramp up investment in renewable energy in what it framed as a last-ditch plan to stave off the most extreme effects of climate change, warning that a goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius…

Securing America’s Clean Energy Supply Chain

02/24/22
In February 2022, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published “America’s Strategy to Secure the Supply Chain for a Robust Clean Energy Transition”—the first comprehensive U.S. government plan to build an Energy Sector Industrial Base. The strategy examines technologies and crosscutting topics for analysis in response to Executive Order 14017…

America’s Strategy to Secure the Supply Chain for a Robust Clean Energy Transition

By Igogo and Tsisilile 02/24/22
This document, “America’s Strategy to Secure the Supply Chain for a Robust Clean Energy Transition,” lays out the challenges and opportunities faced by the United States in the energy supply chain as well as the Federal Government plans to address these challenges and opportunities. It is accompanied by several issue-specific…

Warming weakens the night-time barrier to global fire

By Jennifer K. Balch, John T. Abatzoglou and Others 02/16/22
Night-time provides a critical window for slowing or extinguishing fires owing to the lower temperature and the lower vapour pressure deficit (VPD). However, fire danger is most often assessed based on daytime conditions, capturing what promotes fire spread rather than what impedes fire...

Rapid intensification of the emerging southwestern North American megadrought in 2020–2021

By A. Park Williams, Benjamin I. Cook and Jason E. Smerdon 02/14/22
A previous reconstruction back to 800 ce indicated that the 2000–2018 soil moisture deficit in southwestern North America was exceeded during one megadrought in the late-1500s. Here, we show that after exceptional drought severity in 2021, ~19% of which is attributable to anthropogenic climate trends, 2000–2021 was the driest 22-yr…

Updated Model Funding Policies for Higher Education

02/01/22
The Charles Koch Foundation has an insidious history of using its “philanthropy” to colleges and universities to shape local, state, and federal policies in ways that serve his free-market agenda while stripping power from the people. With growing awareness of the ways in which CKF buys influence over hiring, research,…

2021 was the sixth-warmest year on record for the globe

01/13/22
The global surface temperature for 2021 was the sixth highest since record keeping began in 1880, according to NOAA scientists. In a separate analysis of global temperature data, also released today, NASA has 2021 tying with 2018 as the sixth-warmest year on record. December’s global surface temperature tied with 2016…