When it comes to jobs, climate change promises a mixed bag with many losses and many gains but concrete action on addressing a warming world presents a singular opportunity for more of the substantial job creation already underway.


As the world transitions from coal, oil and gas to clean energy, jobs will clearly be lost in the fossil fuel industries. Extreme heat, a significant consequence of global warming, is hazardous to human health, so it should not come as a surprise that agriculture, in which 940 million people work, is expected to be a sector deeply affected by a warmer world. Construction, refuse collection, repair, transportation, tourism, and sports also among the other fields projected to suffer the fallout of hotter temperatures.


In crisis comes opportunity, and the renewable energy sector offers a surfeit of just that. In the United States, solar jobs have seen tremendous growth. The National Solar Job Census 2022, the latest report to date, shows that as of December 2022, there were 263,883 solar workers in the U.S. This represents an increase of 8,846 jobs, or 3.5% growth since 2021. Decarbonizing the energy sector, electrifying transportation and infrastructure including homes and offices, reforestation, carbon capture and storage technologies will eliminate some jobs while creating many more. Already in 2019, Forbes was reporting that “building new renewable energy is cheaper than running existing coal plants and prices get cheaper every year.” Meanwhile, the clean energy goals mandated by both states and utilities are driving demand for workers to build renewable energy infrastructure. 


In the fall of 2021, according to the NYT, some of the hottest MBA courses were about climate finance, impact investing and social entrepreneurship. This interest reflects an increase in jobs that require knowledge in environmental, social and governance, or E.S.G., topics. 


Getting an internship is an effective way to start. Great coaching on


  • By January 2023, Bloomberg was predicting that 24 million green jobs could be created globally by 2030 as tackling climate change transforms the labor market.
  • In May 2030, The World Economic Forum weighed in with support reporting that companies are facing pressure to accelerate their green transitions as just over 1 in 4 adults say sustainability is one of their top non-negotiables for a new job.
  • In July of 2023, USA Today reported that environmental and green careers are flourishing as many job seekers are looking for work in companies aligned with climate goals. A survey of Gen Z and Millennial workers found more than 40% either have or plan to change jobs due to climate concerns. A Deloitte report adds that environmental and sustainability studies are booming in colleges as increasing numbers of students want to advocate for change through where they work.


America will need electricians, HVAC technicians, and gardeners. Careers like wind turbine services technicians, hydrologists, atmospheric and space scientists, solar photovoltaic installers, soil and plant scientists, conservation scientists, environmental science and protection technicians, environmental engineers, and environmental scientists and specialists will all see growth.


The U.S. Department of Energy publishes a national jobs report every year here. The 2023 Energy Employment By State fact sheet can be found here.


For more on where the clean energy jobs are, check out  the Climate Jobs National Resource Center. Other job directories are:

Our own ORGANIZATIONS page is another resource as some organizations such as the U.S. Climate Alliance and Wildlife Society host their own job boards.



Biden Builds a Domestic Green Army

By The Editorial Board 04/02/24
Who says Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has no influence? Her vision to mobilize a government Climate Corps to promote green politics is becoming a reality. President Biden wants to shrink the real Army, but his budget…
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Wind and solar energy are booming in surprising places

By Shannon Osaka 11/15/23
a county named for its coal deposits — a power company is building hundreds of wind turbines. In Mingo County, W.Va., where many small towns were once coal towns, the Adams Fork Energy plant will…
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Governor Hochul Announces Clean Energy Jobs at Highest Level Ever in New York State

Governor Kathy Hochul today announced the number of individuals with clean energy jobs in New York State reached the highest level ever with a record 171,000 workers at the end of 2022, reflecting the quality…
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Displaced Miners Find Work in Renewable Energy Boom

By Benjy Sachs 10/30/23
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By Lisa Friedman 09/20/23
President Biden intends to use executive authority to train and employ thousands of young people in jobs to fight global warming, Ali Zaidi, the White House national climate adviser, said on Tuesday.
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Decoding: The Green Jobs Revolution

By Jan Jaro 09/19/23
The Inflation Reduction Act (“IRA”) and the Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill (“Infrastructure Act”) are game-changing pieces of legislation that will catalyze trillions of private-sector green energy and decarbonization investment in the United States. These bills will…
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New Rules Help to Answer Whether Clean Energy Jobs Will Also Be Good Jobs

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One goal of the Inflation Reduction Act is to make sure that jobs created by the transition to clean energy have high standards for wages and benefits. The Biden administration is now providing some specifics…
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High-speed rail is a huge opportunity for American workers

By Ray LaHood and Greg Regan 09/03/23
The Biden Administration is planning to use funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to construct multiple high-speed rail lines. This is a very big deal for American workers.
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Environmental groups recruit people of color into overwhelmingly white conservation world

By Todd Richmond 08/27/23
Arianna Barajas never thought of herself as the outdoors type. The daughter of Mexican immigrants who grew up in Chicago’s suburbs, her forays into nature usually amounted to a bike ride to a community park.
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America’s manufacturing boom could add 250,000 jobs in two years — report

By Emily Peck   08/21/23  
Roughly 200,000 to 250,000 new manufacturing jobs could be added in the U.S. over the next two years, according to a new estimate from Goldman Sachs.
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Few US Workers Leaving Carbon-Intensive Jobs Move to Green Ones

By Mark Niquette   08/15/23  
The Biden administration is touting its efforts to transition to a clean-energy economy, but a new study shows that few workers who leave industries associated with fossil fuels move to a green job — especially…
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Union jobs essential for offshore wind

By Matthew Aracich   06/26/23  
The rapidly growing renewable energy industry brings with it a wave of possibility for the type of good-paying careers that can support families and uplift entire communities. New York’s unions remain committed to collaborating with…
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Clean Energy to Add 700,000 New Jobs by 2050, with Alberta in the Lead

By Christopher Bonasia   05/30/23  
With a coordinated, nation-wide net-zero strategy, Canada would see clean energy jobs grow 7% each year, adding 700,000 jobs to the sector by 2050 and creating a “pan-Canadian opportunity” for workers across provinces and industries.
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Repealing IRA Energy Tax Credits Would Jeopardize Jobs In Red And Purple States

By Silvio Marcacci   05/30/23  
Pensacola, Fla., Cartersville, Ga., Greensboro, N.C., and Ridgeville, S.C., are all at the center of a new energy development. jobs
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Jobs created by net-zero transition will ‘offset’ fossil-fuel job losses in Republican US states

By Josh Gabbatiss   05/30/23  
Republican strongholds, such as Texas, Wyoming and Oklahoma, stand to gain hundreds of thousands of jobs in the clean-energy sector as the US moves to a net-zero economy, a new study concludes.
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Rochester groups urge lawmakers to pass climate, clean energy jobs bills

By Jeremy Moule   05/25/23  
Roughly 30 people representing several local climate advocacy and social justice organizations turned out Thursday at Washington Square Park to call on state lawmakers to pass a package of climate, clean energy, and green jobs…
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Inslee talks clean energy jobs, Malden rebuild and battling climate change

By Mary Ellen Pitney   05/25/23  
Washington Governor Jay Inslee visited Washington State University’s Pullman campus on Thursday. He spoke with Northwest Public Broadcasting’s Mary Ellen Pitney on climate-related issues including building more electric car charging stations, helping towns become fire…
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Show the green: States ranking high in renewable energy jobs gave generous incentives

By Tom Kertscher   05/22/23  
By one count, U.S. companies have announced 142,000 renewable energy jobs since the climate change-focused Inflation Reduction Act became law in August.
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Biden-Harris Administration Makes Historic, $11 Billion Investment to Advance Clean Energy Across Rural America Through Investing in America Agenda

he Biden-Harris Administration today announced the availability of nearly $11 billion in grants and loan opportunities that will help rural energy and utility providers bring affordable, reliable clean energy to their communities across the country.…
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Green jobs must be good jobs. America’s investment in the energy transition should restore the pathway to the middle class

By Darren Walker   05/15/23  
The United States is leading a green energy revolution, which could transform our economy, the environment, and the lives of working people across the country. New legislation has directed billions of dollars in federal funding…
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Climate Change Jobs: How Business Schools Can Fill The Gap

By David Marchick and Sue Duke   05/10/23  
The global economy is undergoing a massive transformation as the world adjusts to and seeks to mitigate the impacts of the climate crisis. Across many industries, this transition is already well underway. A recent study…
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30 Green Careers That Can Help Fight Climate Change

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On the first Earth Day, inspired by the Santa Barbara oil spill of 1969 and other disasters caused by growing pollution in the U.S., 20 million Americans gathered in streets and parks to call for…
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In Minnesota, electricians are plugging into a new niche installing EV chargers

By Frank Jossi   05/03/23  
The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers has trained and certified more than 400 electricians to install commercial EV chargers, while several contractors are finding steady work helping homeowners get their garages ready for at-home charging.…
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Illinois Launches Long-Awaited Job-Training Programs in the Clean Energy and Construction Sectors

By Aydali Campa   04/29/23  
Gov. J.B. Pritzker and the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity announced $16 million in funds last week toward clean energy workforce development programs and boosting diversity in the industry.  The announcement builds on…
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The Great Electrician Shortage

By David Owen   04/24/23  
wo days before Christmas, rain and high winds knocked down power lines on our road, in a small town in northwestern Connecticut, and that night the temperature dropped to the single digits. I worried that…
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The Real Climate Job of the Future: Carbon Accountant

By Paul Ford   04/22/23  
My children, 11-year-old twins, vaguely college-bound, will be entering the workforce right as the compost hits the turbine. I know I’m supposed to look at them and apologize for the sins of our fossil-fueled world…
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The Race to Decarbonize America Needs More Workers

By Matt Simon   04/11/23  
The Inflation Reduction Act, passed last summer, allocates $370 billion toward energy security and climate action. According to a recent analysis by the nonprofit Energy Futures Initiative, the legislation will create 1.5 million jobs by…
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Updating Trade for Job Creation and Climate Protection

By Jonathan Elkind and Benjamin Preneta   04/10/23  
On March 31, the US Treasury Department issued guidance on tax incentives for vehicle batteries and minerals under the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). Among other features, the new guidance—which is subject to revision after a…
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US details plan to draw clean energy into oil, coal communities

By Jarrett Renshaw   04/04/23  
The Biden administration on Tuesday released final guidance on how clean energy companies can secure additional tax credits when investing in U.S. communities economically tied to fossil fuels like oil and coal.
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U.S. Faces Electrician Shortages As It Tries To Go Green

By Amrith Ramkumar   03/27/23  
America is trying to install electric-car chargers....
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Biden’s clean energy factory jobs may elude U.S. union workers

By Nichola Groom   03/07/23  
President Joe Biden has pledged that fighting climate change will deliver millions of middle-class jobs with good wages to Americans with union membership cards. But in the six months since passage of Biden's signature climate…
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Insight: Biden’s clean energy factory jobs may elude U.S. union workers

By Nichola Groom   03/07/23  
President Joe Biden has pledged that fighting climate change will deliver millions of middle-class jobs with good wages to Americans with union membership cards.
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As oil companies stay lean, workers move to renewable energy

By Clifford Krauss   02/27/23  
Solar, wind, geothermal, battery and other alternative-energy businesses are adding workers from fossil fuel companies, where employment has fallen....
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New York’s Wind Power Future Is Taking Shape. In Rhode Island.

By Patrick McGeehan   02/22/23  
When Gov. Kathy Hochul laid out her plan for accelerating the development of New York’s offshore wind industry a year ago, she promised thousands of jobs for state residents.
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Climate Action Means Jobs: Here’s the Proof

Climate change is no longer a chart of a graph in some far-off future. It’s here now. Thanks to bold, transformational policies like the Inflation Reduction Act’s (IRA) climate investments, we can now say that…
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How Inflation Reduction Act is turbocharging clean energy future for Nevada, US

By Camden Lang   02/17/23  
I represent one of the many hired from the oil and gas industry who now work in the booming clean energy industry. Before making the switch, I worked as an operations engineer in North Dakota…
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As tech is rocked by layoffs, climate jobs and tools for landing them are on the rise

By Lisa Stiffler   02/08/23  
Nations and corporations are setting ambitious carbon goals. The U.S. government is enacting plans unleashing billions of dollars to address climate change. Many investors remain bullish on climate tech startups. Job prospects in the space…
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Inflation Reduction Act has spurred 100,000 new green jobs so far: Here’s where they are

By Emma Newburger and Gabriel Cortés   02/07/23  
Since President Joe Biden signed the historic Inflation Reduction Act into law last August, companies have announced more than 100,000 clean energy jobs across the country, according to a report by the nonprofit Climate Power.
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100K clean energy jobs announced since climate bill became law: analysis

By Rachel Frazin   02/06/23  
More than 100,000 climate-friendly jobs were created in the months following the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, a new analysis from an environmental group has found.
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The States Gaining the Most Clean Energy Jobs

By Bill Lucia   02/06/23  
A new analysis finds companies have announced more than 100,000 positions in fields like solar and wind power and battery-making since Democrats pushed through a massive climate law.
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100,000 Green Jobs Announced Since US Adopted Climate Law, Study Finds

By Carly Wanna   02/06/23  
Between last August, when President Joe Biden’s landmark climate bill became law, and the end of January, companies have announced more than 100,000 clean energy jobs in the US, according to an analysis released Monday…
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‘Recession resilient’ climate start-ups shine in tech downturn

By Erin Griffith   01/30/23  
Tech workers and investors are flocking to start-ups that aim to combat climate change.
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Chart: Clean energy jobs are booming. What sectors are growing most?

By Maria Virginia Olano   01/20/23  
Plus, nearly half of the new clean energy jobs don’t require a bachelor’s degree, and most pay more than the national median salary.
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Workers on Solar’s Front Lines

By Lee Harris   12/07/22  
Gary Bylander has spent the last four years traveling the country in his camper installing solar panels, mostly through the temp staffing agency Aerotek. His last job was in San Antonio, where he worked for…
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Want to work in climatetech? Here’s how to get started

By Mike Munsell   11/10/22  
As someone who has worked in the space for close to a decade (though it was called cleantech or greentech back when I got started), I can attest to how exciting it is and the…
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DOE lab: Offshore wind faces ‘recruiting challenge’

By David Iaconangelo   10/19/22  
The U.S. offshore wind industry could support as many as 58,000 jobs by 2030 if the country hits its renewable deployment goals, according to a new federal report that offers the most detailed assessment yet…
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Want a career saving the planet? Become an electrician

By Shannon Osaka   10/03/22  
When we think about solving climate change, we often think about things that, in one way or another, plug into an electrical grid: Solar panels. Heat pumps. Efficient air conditioners. Wind turbines. Electric cars and…
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Chart: Clean energy jobs still lag dirty ones, but they’re growing fast

By Shel Evergreen   09/30/22  
About 40% of all energy jobs in the U.S. last year were aligned with the goal of bringing greenhouse gas emissions down to net zero, according to the U.S. Energy & Employment Report 2022 from…
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As green jobs boom, the Green Workers Alliance wants to make sure workers are paid fairly

By YCC Team   09/05/22  
As lead organizer for the Green Workers Alliance, Nico Ries (they/them) wants to make sure opportunities in clean energy continue to grow and that companies provide workers with fair wages and safe conditions. “So often…
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Inflation Reduction Act could push workers toward the climate industry

CNBC’s Kate Rodgers joins “The Exchange” to share how the Inflation Reduction Act is fueling investor momentum for new jobs in climate and clean energy, specifically those involving software.
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How a four-day workweek could be better for the climate

By Allyson Chiu   08/08/22  
Reducing the workweek to four days could have a climate benefit, advocates say. In addition to improving the well-being of workers, they say slashing working hours may reduce carbon emissions. It’s what you might call…
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Apprenticeship program trains people for clean energy jobs

By YCC Team   07/08/22  
The clean energy industry is booming. And companies need more licensed electricians who can install solar panels, electric vehicle chargers, battery storage, and more. Vaughan Woodruff is director of workforce development at New England-based ReVision…
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DOE: Here’s what’s happened to EV, renewable, fossil jobs

By David Iaconangelo   06/28/22  
Much of the fossil fuel industry continued to hemorrhage jobs last year, even as employment in the electric car sector increased dramatically, according to a report today from the Department of Energy.
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Accelerating toward net zero: The green business building opportunity

By Rob Bland & Others   06/14/22  
A recent McKinsey report found that reaching net zero by 2050 could entail a 60 percent increase in capital spending on physical assets, compared with current levels. The required investments amount to $9.2 trillion per…
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Electric Vehicle Investments Provide Benefits Across the U.S.

This map compiles ZETA research to illustrate EV investments across the country. These private investments are creating tens of thousands of good-paying auto jobs that will reinvigorate communities, generating thousands of additional indirect jobs. And…
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Offshore Wind in New York

Long Island is poised to play a central role in the development of offshore wind (OSW) in New York State. Governor Cuomo has set an ambitious goal of 9,000 megawatts from OSW in New York…
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Detroit nonprofit offers paid training for energy efficiency jobs

By Yale Climate Connections   04/28/22  
Detroit, Michigan, needs more people who know how to make buildings more energy efficient. Sitara Govender of the non-profit Wayne Metropolitan Community Action Agency says there are more energy efficiency jobs available than workers with…
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