A Report From The National Tribal Air Association And Moms Clean Air Force

The total numberof Indigenous people in the United States is between 2.5 and 6 million, of which 20% live on Tribal lands or in Alaska Native villages. There are 574 federally recognized Tribes, but this…


Oil is a fossil fuel and liquid hydrocarbon used mainly for the production of transportation fuels and petroleum-based products.

Fossil Fuels: The Dirty Facts

Mining, drilling, and burning dirty energy are harming the environment and our health. Here’s everything you need to know about fossil fuels, and why we need to embrace a clean energy future.

Fuel Oil

Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. Broadly speaking, fuel oil is any liquid petroleum product that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the…

Fossil Fuel Facts

Coal is an abundant fossil resource that consists mostly of carbon. Energy content (Btu/pound) ranges from 5,000 to 15,000 depending on the type of coal. Coal reserves are located all over the world. Electric utilities…

Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels, including coal, oil and natural gas, are currently the world's primary energy source. Formed from organic material over the course of millions of years, fossil fuels have fueled U.S. and global economic development…

Oil, Power, and War: A Dark History (2018)

In this sweeping, unabashed history of oil, Matthieu Auzanneau takes a fresh, thought-provoking look at the way oil interests have commandeered politics and economies, changed cultures, disrupted power balances across the globe, and spawned wars.…



Divers discover a dislodged and broken pipeline that likely triggered Gulf of Mexico oil spill

By Keith Allen   09/06/21  
Divers using underwater sonar discovered a 12-inch oil pipeline Sunday that had become dislodged and is possibly the source of an oil spill discovered off the coast of Louisiana, officials said.

Oil Industry Surveys Damage After Hurricane Ida Slams Louisiana

By Collin Eaton and Jennifer Hiller  Photo: Luke Sharrett/Bloomberg News   08/30/21  
Energy companies were assessing the health of refineries, pipelines, petrochemical plants and offshore oil platforms along the central Gulf of Mexico on Monday, the day after Ida struck Louisiana as a powerful Category 4 hurricane.

Exxon sting surfaces in climate litigation

By Maxine Joselow  Photo: Jim Mone , AP   08/26/21  
A group of academics and climate activists cited the video in a "friend of the court" brief filed late yesterday in Minnesota’s climate lawsuit against Exxon and other fossil fuel companies in the 8th U.S.…

More than two-thirds of observed Permian wells flaring without permit, report says

By Paul Takahashi  Photo: Elizabeth Conley , Houston Chronicle   08/19/21  
Texas environmental group Earthworks on Thursday said at least 69 percent of 227 wells viewed in the Permian Basin were burning off natural gas without permits from the Texas Railroad Commission, which regulates the oil…

Federal judge rejects Trump-era permits for major Alaska oil project

By Joshua Partlow  Photo: Bonnie Jo Mount/The Washington Post   08/18/21  
Wednesday’s decision is a setback for ConocoPhillips’s Willow project, which aims to produce more than 100,000 barrels a day on the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska.

Biden Faces Mounting Pressure To Yank Line 3 Oil Pipeline Permits

By Alexander C. Kaufman  Photo: Karem Yucel , Getty Images   08/18/21  
Eight Democratic senators and nearly two dozen House members criticized the Biden administration for allowing pipeline giant Enbridge to continue building Line 3 across wetlands in a letter sent Monday that HuffPost viewed. The lawmakers…

Big Oil Spent Millions on Facebook Ads to Spread Fossil Fuel Propaganda

By Olivia Rosane  Photo: Douglas Sacha/Getty Images   08/06/21  
Facebook ads promoting the use of oil and gas were seen more than 431 million times during 2020, in the U.S. alone. That’s the startling figure from a new analysis conducted by think-tank InfluenceMap, which…

Winona LaDuke Feels That President Biden Has Betrayed Native Americans

By David Marchese  Photo: Kerem Yucel/Agence France-Presse, via Getty Images   08/06/21  
Right now in northern Minnesota, the Canadian oil-and-gas-transport company Enbridge is building an expansion of a pipeline, Line 3, to carry oil through fragile parts of the state’s watersheds as well as treaty-protected tribal lands.…

Yet another major heat wave is set to roast the western U.S. and Canada by the weekend

By Lisa Friedman  Photo: Julie Dermansky/Reveal   08/04/21  
Under a draft plan Democrats are circulating, the Treasury Department would tax a handful of the biggest emitters of planet-warming pollution to pay for climate change.

House Committee Seeks Interview with Exxon Lobbyist Caught On Tape

By Nick Cunningham   07/26/21  
A congressional committee is requesting an interview with the ExxonMobil lobbyist who was revealed by an undercover Greenpeace investigation in June admitting that the company has misled the public on climate change and continues to…

North America about to turn into a graveyard of mega pipeline projects

By Yadullah Hussain  Photo: Kerem Yucel , Getty Images   07/21/21  
After a remarkable period of pipeline expansion, primarily in the United States over the past decade, North America is expected to become an increasingly inhospitable place for new projects, according to a new report.

Thawing Permafrost has Damaged the Trans-Alaska Pipeline and Poses an Ongoing Threat

By David Hasemyer  Photo: Edwin Remsburg , Getty Images   07/11/21  
Thawing permafrost threatens to undermine the supports holding up an elevated section of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, jeopardizing the structural integrity of one of the world’s largest oil pipelines and raising the potential of an oil…

Viral ‘Eye of Fire’ Video Draws Ire From Environmental Groups

By Eduardo Garcia   07/09/21  
Environmentalists say that a massive blaze near a Gulf of Mexico oil platform captured in a viral video represents an “ecocide” and warned that unless we move away from fossil fuels, this type of accidents…

Oil Companies Are Ordered to Help Cover $7.2 Billion Cleanup Bill in Gulf of Mexico

By Christopher M. Matthews   07/06/21  
Some of the world’s largest oil companies have been ordered to pay part of a $7.2 billion tab to retire hundreds of aging wells in the Gulf of Mexico that they used to own, capping…

The scientists hired by big oil who predicted the climate crisis long ago

By Emma Pattee  Photo: Zack Wittman/The Guardian   07/02/21  
As early as 1958, the oil industry was hiring scientists and engineers to research the role that burning fossil fuels plays in global warming. The goal at the time was to help the major oil…

Inside Exxon’s playbook: How America’s biggest oil company continues to oppose action on climate change

By Lawrence Carte   06/30/21  
ExxonMobil continues to fight efforts to tackle climate change in the United States, despite publicly claiming to support the Paris climate agreement, an undercover investigation by Unearthed has found. A senior lobbyist for Exxon told…

Revealed: ExxonMobil’s lobbying war on climate change legislation

By Alex Thomson   06/30/21  
A senior ExxonMobil lobbyist has been captured on camera revealing how the oil giant is using its power and influence to water down US climate legislation. The explosive footage was obtained by Unearthed, Greenpeace UK’s…

Big oil and gas kept a dirty secret for decades. Now they may pay the price

By Chris McGreal  Photo: Guardian Design/Getty Images   06/30/21  
Via an unprecedented wave of lawsuits, America’s petroleum giants face a reckoning for the devastation caused by fossil fuels

Column: Oil firms and others face unprecedented pressure to come clean on climate change

By Michael Hiltzik  Photo: Associated Press   06/25/21  
Chevron, one of the world’s leading oil companies, got a major wake-up call on climate change from its shareholders May 26. At its annual meeting that day, a stunning 60.7% of shareholders voted for the…

Exxon must face Massachusetts lawsuit alleging climate change deceit

By Jonathan Stempel  Photo: Sergio Moraes , Reuters   06/24/21  
A Massachusetts state judge has rejected Exxon Mobil Corp's (XOM.N) bid to dismiss a lawsuit by state Attorney General Maura Healey accusing the oil company of misleading consumers and investors about its role in climate…

Biden admin backs Trump-era approval of controversial Line 3 pipeline permit

By Rachel Frazin  Photo: Getty Images   06/24/21  
The Biden administration is backing the Trump administration’s approval of a controversial pipeline project in Minnesota in a new legal filing.In a legal brief filed Wednesday, the Justice Department argued that the Army Corps of…

Big Oil Takes a Beating, but Its Investors Are Riding High

By Jeff Sommer  Photo: Tamir Kalifa   06/18/21  
While major oil companies have been losing public battles over climate change, energy stocks and oil prices are soaring.

All the times Keystone XL was inevitable

By Emily Atkin  Photo: Getty Images   06/17/21  
I couldn’t let another week come to a close without doing something about the final cancellation of the Keystone XL pipeline.  I wrote my first article about the tar sands oil project in 2014. Later…

Keystone XL is history. What about the other pipelines?

By Alexandria Herr  Photo: Tim Exton/AFP via Getty Images   06/14/21  
TC Energy announced last week that it was finally pulling the plug on the controversial Keystone XL pipeline extension. The project would have carried 830,000 barrels of tar sands oil from Alberta to Nebraska every…

The Retreat of Exxon and the Oil Majors Won’t Stop Fossil Fuel

By Rachel Adams-Heard, Laura Hurst and Kevin Crawley  Photo: Nabil Al-Jurani/AP Photo   06/09/21  
When Exxon Mobil Corp. decided to get out of a big oil field in Iraq, the government took on the unusual role of salesman. Iraqi officials pitched West Qurna-1 to likely buyers from among Exxon’s…

Police Make Mass Arrests at Protest Against Oil Pipeline

By Hiroko Tabuchi, Matt Furber, and Coral Davenport  Photo: Tim Gruber   06/07/21  
Late Monday, police arrested activists and appeared to use a crowd-dispelling sonic device at the Line 3 pipeline in Minnesota, which would carry oil across sensitive waterways and tribal lands.

Dawn Goodwin and 300 Environmental Groups Consider the new Line 3 Pipeline a Danger to All Forms of Life

By Audrey Gray  Photo: Audrey Gray   06/07/21  
Leeches love Northern Minnesota. The “Land of 10,000 Lakes” (technically, the state sports more than 11,000, plus bogs, creeks, marshes and the headwaters of the Mississippi River) in early summer is a freshwater paradise for…

Alaska: Biden to suspend Trump Arctic drilling leases

Photo: Getty Images   06/02/21  
US President Joe Biden's administration will suspend oil and gas leases in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge pending an environmental review.

Biden Aims to End Arctic Drilling. A Trump-Era Law Could Foil His Plans.

By Coral Davenport and Henry Fountain  Photo: Danielle Brigida   06/02/21  
The administration suspended leases that were auctioned in the waning days of the Trump White House. But a 2017 law requires another sale.

Biden Suspends Drilling Leases in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

By Coral Davenport, Henry Fountain, and Lisa Friedman  Photo: Steven J. Kazlowski   06/01/21  
The decision blocks, for now, oil and gas drilling in one of the largest tracts of undeveloped wilderness in the United States...

Biden Administration Defends Huge Alaska Oil Drilling Project

By Lisa Friedman  Photo: Bonnie Jo Mount   05/28/21  
The Biden administration is defending a huge Trump-era oil and gas project in the North Slope of Alaska designed to produce more than 100,000 barrels of oil a day for the next 30 years, despite…

The Climate Crisis

Photo: Erik McGregor / Sipa / Alamy   05/26/21  
In what may be the most cataclysmic day so far for the traditional fossil-fuel industry, a remarkable set of shareholder votes and court rulings have scrambled the future of three of the world’s largest oil…

Biden Administration Defends Huge Alaska Oil Drilling Project

By Lisa Friedman  Photo: Bonnie Jo Mount   05/26/21  
The administration says the country must pivot away from fossil fuels but backed a project set to produce more than 100,000 barrels of oil each day for 30 years.

A Tiny Fund Has Scored A Historic Win Against ExxonMobil Over The Future Of Oil

By Camila Domonoske  Photo: Logan Cyrus   05/26/21  
In a dramatic boardroom battle on Wednesday, a tiny hedge fund fought with the energy giant ExxonMobil over the future of the oil and gas industry — and won.

Exxon Mobil Faces Off Against Activist Investors on Climate Change

By Clifford Krauss and Peter Eavis  Photo: Brendan McDermid/Reuters   05/25/21  
Exxon Mobil’s management will face a big challenge over its climate change policies at an annual shareholder meeting on Wednesday as activists contest the election of one-third of the company’s board. Analysts who follow the…

The fight for the soul – and the future – of ExxonMobil

By Steven Mufson  Photo: Brendan McDermid/Reuters   05/22/21  
A group of insurgent investors backed by the three largest pension funds in America is trying to force ExxonMobil to take climate change much more seriously — not just for the sake of the company’s…

California Oil Industry Spends Millions Fighting Climate Bills

By Aaron Cantu  Photo: Hal Bergman   05/18/21  
When it comes to fighting California’s ambitious agenda for curbing the use of fossil fuels, the state’s oil and gas industry is putting its money where its mouth is. In the first quarter of 2021,…

Big Oil Is Trying to Make Climate Change Your Problem to Solve. Don’t Let Them

By Amy Westervelt  Photo: Eric Gay/AP Images   05/14/21  
For decades, various industries have weaponized American individualism, laying the blame for systemic issues at the feet of individual citizens. Tobacco companies wouldn’t exist without smokers, the story goes. Litter wouldn’t exist without us litterbugs.…

JPMorgan Pledges to Cut Carbon Emissions in Lending Portfolios

By Hannah Levitt   05/13/21  
JPMorgan Chase & Co., the biggest funder of fossil-fuel companies globally, is pledging a 35% reduction in “operational carbon intensity” for its oil and gas portfolio by the end of this decade. The commitment is…

Tackling Climate Change with a Collaborative Approach

By Mike Sommers   05/10/21  
The new administration’s first 100 days in office were marked by aggressive action on two fronts—the coronavirus pandemic and climate change. Addressing the latter, the president rejoined the Paris Agreement, convened a global leaders’ summit…

Create Jobs for Oil/Gas Workers, Plugging Oil and Gas Wells

By Peter Sinclair   04/05/21  
Across the country there are hundreds of thousands of abandoned or “orphan” frack wells. There are also, tens of thousands of unemployed oil and gas workers. Putting them to work, plugging old, leaking, toxic and…

Oil companies defeat New York City appeal over global warming

By Jonathan Stempel and Sebastien Malo   04/01/21  
A federal appeals court on Thursday rejected New York City’s effort to hold five major oil companies liable to help pay the costs of addressing harm caused by global warming.

Court upholds dismissal of New York City lawsuit against oil companies

By Zack Budryk   04/01/21  
A U.S. circuit court on Thursday upheld a district court's decision to dismiss a New York City lawsuit seeking damages for climate change from five multinational oil firms. In its decision, the 2nd U.S. Circuit…

A fight is brewing over an oil pipeline and it’s pitting Native groups against Big Oil

By Kailani Koenig and Cal Perry  Photo: Kailani Koenig   03/27/21  
On the edge of the Mississippi River in Northern Minnesota, Tania Aubid stares at the slushy waters that thaw a little more with every passing spring day. Once the river is no longer frozen, she’s…

The Indigenous-led fight to stop the Line 3 oil pipeline expansion in Minnesota, explained

By Jariel Arvin  Photo: Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty Images   03/25/21  
“Valentine’s Day is about love and having that love for your partner — but for me to have the love, I need to start from the ground up, which is Mother Earth,” Aubid told me.…

As spring thaws the Minnesota ice, a new pipeline battle fires up

By Bill Weir   03/20/21  
In the north woods of Minnesota, the mighty Mississippi River looks like a frozen creek. After a bitter February, you can stroll across it with more fear of windburn than thin ice. And if you…

21 states sue Biden for revoking Keystone XL permit

By Rachel Frazin   03/17/21  
A coalition of states with Republican attorneys general sued President Biden on Wednesday over his decision to revoke a key permit for the Keystone XL oil pipeline. The lawsuit from 21 states, led by Texas and…

Green groups file FTC complaint against Chevron over climate claims

By Valerie Volcovici   03/16/21  
Three environmental groups filed a false advertising complaint against Chevron with the Federal Trade Commission on Tuesday, alleging that the U.S. oil major has overstated its investment in renewable energy and actions to curb greenhouse…

Why Line 3? Why now?

By Emily Atkin   03/15/21  
Tania Aubid has not eaten solid food for 26 days, but she still has energy to yell at the cops. “No jurisdiction!!” she bellowed at two passing sheriff vehicles on Thursday from a blue beach…

As climate fight shifts to oil, Biden faces a formidable foe

By Mead Gruver And Matthew Brown  Photo by Mead Gruver   03/12/21  
President Joe Biden’s bid to tackle climate change is running straight through the heart of the U.S. oil and gas industry -- a much bigger, more influential foe than Democrats faced when they took on…