After the 2020 election, the 117th Congress was sworn in. The House remained in Democratic control (222-211)–with two seats vacant (in Louisiana’s 5th district and New York’s 22nd district). Control of the Senate moved to the Democrats (50-50 with the power to cast the tie breaking vote in the hands of Vice-President Kamala Harris) in a run-off election in Georgia on January 5, 2021 when Democrats Jon Ossoff and Rev. Raphael Warnock won their Senate races.

Founded in 2016, Climate Solutions Caucus is a bipartisan United States House caucus whose members are committed to taking action in response to the risks of climate change. This group, made up of equal numbers of Republicans and Democrats, has introduced legislation to achieve a carbon tax. They have not, as of yet, succeeded in passing any legislation.

In February 2019, as 100 Democratic freshmen entered the House, the “Green New Deal”, a non-binding proposal to fight climate change (originally promoted by the Sunrise Movement — a coalition of young people), was introduced by Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Senator Ed Markey. Whatever comes of it,  climate change has definitely shifted to the middle of the national conversation. Much has been written about the “Deal” including an early editorial by the New York Times on February 24, 2019.

Valuable to remember: In 2007 when California Democrat Nancy Pelosi first became Speaker, she created, and Ed Markey (then in the House) chaired, The House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming. In her first term as Speaker, Pelosi helped muscle through a major energy bill,  which then-President George W. Bush praised for “confronting global climate change.” When the Republicans retook control in 2011 they disbanded it.

As she remained Speaker, Pelosi re-established in February, 2019 another climate committee calling it the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis. Chaired by Kathy Castor, a seven-term representative from Tampa Bay, she appointed to that committee: Suzanne Bonamici (Ore.), Julia Brownley (Calif.), Sean Casten (Ill.), Jared Huffman (Calif.), Mike Levin (Calif.), Donald McEachin (Va.), Ben Ray Lujan (NM), and Joe Neguse (Colo.). Its scope is limited: It can hold hearings and plan fact finding trips, but not compel testimony — a structure that has aggravated many progressives. It is specifically instructed “to investigate, study, make findings, and develop recommendations on policies, strategies, and innovations to achieve substantial and permanent reductions in pollution and other activities that contribute to the climate crisis which will honor our responsibility to be good stewards of the planet for future generations.” Pelosi said the committee was not tasked specifically with crafting the progressives‘ “Green New Deal,” as Ocasio-Cortez had initially sought.




Inflation Reduction Act Methane Emissions Charge: In Brief

On August 16, 2022, President Biden signed H.R. 5376 (P.L. 117-169), a budget reconciliation measure commonly referred to as the “Inflation Reduction Act of 2022” (IRA). Among other provisions, IRA includes a charge on methane…

Critical Minerals in Electric Vehicle Batteries

Expected growth of electric vehicle (EV) sales has led to concern about securing mineral inputs used in EV batteries. Various countries and companies have stated policies to accelerate the adoption of EVs in the transportation…

Environmental Justice (EJ) Provisions of the 2022 Inflation Reduction Act

This table includes provisions with the potential to provide federal benefits to communities with EJ concerns. Direct benefits, where the statute requires benefits to be implemented in or directed towards low-income, tribal, or overburdened communities,…

Modeling The Inflation Reduction Act Using The Energy Policy Simulator

On July 27, 2022, the United States Senate released legislative text for the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), which includes $369 billion in funding for climate and clean energy provisions. These emissions-reducing provisions run the gamut…

U.S. Climate Change Policy

The greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere trap radiant energy, warming earth’s surface and oceans. Scientific assessments conclude that GHGs very likely have been the main driver of warming of the earth’s lower atmosphere since…

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Scenarios: Background, Issues, and Policy Relevance

Projecting future climate change, and what drives it, is difficult,with many uncertainties. Computer models, however, can be useful tools for exploring the long-term implications of climate change and evaluating policy options. For example, models can…

Social Cost of Greenhouse Gases: Issues for Congress

On January 20, 2021, President Biden issued Executive Order (E.O.) 13990, “Protecting Public Health and the Environment andRestoring Science to Tackle the Climate Crisis.” Itcontains directives to update the social cost of greenhouse gases (SC-GHG),…

Aji P. v. State of Washington

Our Children’s Trust has supported youth plaintiffs in Washington since 2011, most recently in the youth-led constitutional climate case, Aji P. v. State of Washington. Thirteen youth plaintiffs from across the state of Washington filed…

Tracking the future of US recycling policy in Congress

Spurred by market challenges, the Hill has seen a historic influx of big bills. Keep up on all the latest developments with our legislative tracker.

National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition

The National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition (NSAC) is an alliance of grassroots organizations that advocates for federal policy reform to advance the sustainability of agriculture, food systems, natural resources, and rural communities.

Congress.gov Climate Action Legislation

Current legislation search

Carbon Pricing as a Solution to Climate Change

FCNL believes that carbon pricing is one of many essential tools that Congress should use to address climate change and shift towards a clean energy economy. While we have not endorsed any particular bill at…

House Committee on Energy & Commerce – Accomplishments

The Energy and Commerce Committee is working to strengthen the economy, reduce costs for consumers, combat climate change and conduct robust oversight of the Trump Administration. Here is a look at some of the action the…

Legislation Tracker

Keep track of bills and resolutions as they move through the House and/or the Senate on their way to passage as law.

Climate Change Laws of the World

Search the databases by selecting the legislation or the litigation search and applying your search criteria. You can also click here to access laws and policies on our interactive map.


Biden signs expansive health, climate and tax law

By Jim Tankersley  Photo: Doug Mills/The New York Times   08/16/22  
President Biden on Tuesday signed a long-awaited bill meant to reduce health costs, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and raise taxes on corporations and wealthy investors, capping more than a year of on-again, off-again negotiations and…

Utility leaders hail clean energy tax incentives as House sends historic climate bill to Biden’s desk

By Ethan Howland  Photo: drnadig, Getty Images   08/15/22  
The bill contains tax, healthcare and climate provisions, including about $369 billion in spending over 10 years on energy and climate measures. In a measure expected to affect some utility companies, the legislation is partly…

Energy provisions in the inflation reduction act

By Robert Rapier  Photo: AFP/Getty Images   08/14/22  
Last week Congress passed the Inflation Reduction Act, which now heads to President Biden's desk to be signed into law. The bill has been championed as a "climate change bill", but it also allocates hundreds…

A detailed picture of what’s in the Democrats’ climate and health bill

By Francesca Paris, Alicia Parlapiano and Others   08/13/22  
Democrats in Congress have had to scale back their legislative ambitions since last year, but the Inflation Reduction Act, passed by the House on Friday and sent to President Joseph R. Biden Jr. for his…

Congress OKs Dems’ climate, health bill, a Biden triumph

By Alan Fram  Photo: Susan Walsh, AP Photo   08/13/22  
A divided Congress gave final approval Friday to Democrats’ flagship climate and health care bill, handing President Joe Biden a back-from-the-dead triumph on coveted priorities that the party hopes will bolster their prospects for keeping…

West Virginia coal country will test power of Democrats’ climate bill

By Jeff Stein  Photo: Roger May   08/13/22  
Travis Elswick used to spend his days detonating millions of tons of explosives, blowing holes in the Appalachian Mountains so miners could reach the coal underneath. Now he’s considering applying for a job at a…

Not Even a Single Republican Voted for the Climate Bill

By Robinson Meyer   08/13/22  
The Inflation Reduction Act, passed by the House of Representatives today, is about to become the first comprehensive climate legislation in U.S. history. Compared with Congress’s desultory approach to the issue in the past, the…

House passes Inflation Reduction Act, sending climate bill to Biden

By Tony Romm  Photo: Sarah Silbiger/The Washington Post   08/12/22  
The successful vote Friday marked the end of a debate that spanned more than a year and a half, at times pitting Democrats against each other over the final major component of the president’s agenda.

Risk of catastrophic California ‘megaflood’ has doubled

By Louis Sahagun  Photo: National Park Service   08/12/22  
Even today, as California struggles with severe drought, global warming has doubled the likelihood that weather conditions will unleash a deluge as devastating as the Great Flood of 1862, according to a UCLA study released…

House passes sweeping climate, tax and health care package

By Emily Cochrane  By Kenny Holston/The New York Times   08/12/22  
The passage of the bill, which appeared dead just weeks ago, caps a Democratic effort to deliver on major components of President Biden’s agenda.

WATCH: Democrats pass landmark climate and health bill

By Alan Fram   08/12/22  
A divided Congress gave final approval Friday to Democrats’ flagship climate and health care bill, handing President Joe Biden a back-from-the-dead triumph on coveted priorities that the party hopes will bolster their prospects for keeping…

Congress approves Democrats’ climate and health bill

By Alan Fram  Photo: Patrick Semansky/Associated Press   08/12/22  
A divided Congress gave final approval Friday to Democrats’ flagship climate and health care bill, handing President Biden a back-from-the-dead triumph on coveted priorities that the party hopes will bolster their prospects for keeping their…

Energy storage wins a long-sought victory with Inflation Reduction Act

By Julian Spector   08/12/22  
The relatively young energy-storage industry will get a proper seat at the clean energy policy table thanks to the Democrats’ climate bill, which passed both the House and Senate this week. The U.S. conducts federal…

The Inflation Reduction Act could revive solar manufacturing in the US

By Eric Wesoff  Photo: Dustin Chambers, Getty Images   08/12/22  
Now that the Democrats’ major climate and tax bill has been passed, the United States might actually end up with an effective industrial policy for the clean energy and electrification sectors. The Inflation Reduction Act…

House passes sweeping climate and health care bill, sending it to Biden’s desk

By Sahil Kapur   08/12/22  
The House passed a far-reaching Democratic bill Friday to combat climate change, extend health care coverage and raise taxes on corporations, voting along party lines to send the legislation to President Joe Biden for his…

House passes Democrats’ health care and climate bill, clearing measure for Biden’s signature

By Clare Foran and Others   08/12/22  
The House of Representatives voted Friday to pass Democrats' $750 billion health care, energy and climate bill, in a significant victory for President Joe Biden and his party. The final vote was 220-207, along party…

The new climate law will help clean up air travel

By Maria Gallucci   08/12/22  
As aviation companies develop the first hydrogen-powered jets and electric regional aircraft, a more immediate way to curb the industry’s climate pollution is to burn ​“sustainable aviation fuel.” Made from waste materials such as used…

House passes Inflation Reduction Act, sending climate and health bill to Biden

By Tony Romm   08/12/22  
House Democrats on Friday approved a sprawling bill to lower prescription drug costs, address global warming, raise taxes on some billion-dollar corporations and reduce the federal deficit, sending to President Biden the long-delayed, last component…

What Experts Say About How Valuable The Inflation Reduction Act’s Green Subsidies Will Be

By Emily Barone  Photo: David Paul Morris, Getty Images   08/12/22  
major goal of the Inflation Reduction Act, the landmark climate legislation that passed the Senate this week, and is poised to pass the House on Friday, is to incentivize more individuals to electrify their lives.…

The Inflation Reduction Act Is About to Jumpstart U.S. Climate Policy and Change the World

By Justin Worland   08/12/22  
In July, a pair of Senators gathered reporters in the U.S. Capitol Building to deliver a message to President Joe Biden: it’s time to declare a climate emergency. It was, to be sure, something of…

How the New Climate Bill Would Reduce Emissions

By Nadja Popovich and Others   08/12/22  
A major climate and energy package passed by Congress on Friday would put the United States much closer to its goal of cutting global warming pollution in half by 2030, several independent analyses have concluded.

For Electric Vehicle Makers, Winners and Losers in Climate Bill

By Jack Ewing  Photo: Kelsey McClellan, The New York Times   08/12/22  
The climate and energy package approved by Congress on Friday aims to achieve two goals that are not always compatible: Make electric vehicles more affordable while freezing China out of the supply chain. Auto industry…

Renewable Energy, Electrification Big Winners in Inflation Reduction Act

By Darrell Proctor   08/12/22  
The U.S. House on Aug. 12 passed a bill with major implications for the power generation industry, joining the U.S. Senate in supporting the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). The bill, which now heads to President…

The climate bill will make cleaner energy cheaper for everyone.

By German Lopez  Photo: Tony Cenicola, The New York Times   08/12/22  
By the end of today, Congress will likely have passed the biggest climate bill in U.S. history. This newsletter has already covered the bill’s main goals and the back story of how it came together.…

Climate change’s impact intensifies as U.S. prepares to take action

By Chris Mooney and Others  Photo: Maja Hitij, Getty Images   08/11/22  
For residents of the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, the United States’ recent success in clinching a major piece of climate change legislation may feel like too little, too late. Over the past 40 years, as…

Sweeping climate bill will push American energy to go green

By Seth Borenstein and Others   08/11/22  
After decades of inaction in the face of escalating natural disasters and sustained global warming, Congress hopes to make clean energy so cheap in all aspects of life that it’s nearly irresistible. The House is…

The long road to the climate bill

By Andrew Freedman   08/11/22  
The Democrats' climate bill that the House is expected to take up Friday follows decades of legislative failure on climate change — which could end because of a change in strategy and changing circumstances. Why…

Climate bill could revolutionize US cleantech manufacturing. Here’s how

By Jeff St. John  Photo: Dustin Chambers, Getty Images   08/11/22  
The $369 billion in climate and energy funding in the Inflation Reduction Act isn’t just the biggest-ever U.S. investment in combatting climate change. It also promises to deliver for the first time a comprehensive U.S.…

The Climate Bill Isn’t Perfect, but It’s Still a Major Victory

By Jody Freeman  Photo: Frederic J. Brown, Getty Images   08/11/22  
This essay has been updated to reflect news developments. In an ideal world, the climate provisions approved by Congress this week as part of the Inflation Reduction Act would directly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and…

Green-ifying your home is about to get lots cheaper

By Alex Fitzpatrick  Photo: Aida Amer, Axios   08/11/22  
Homeowners interested in adding rooftop solar panels, installing heat pumps and otherwise green-ifying their houses have plenty to like in the big climate, health and tax package likely to pass Congress in the coming days.…

The cost of climate action

By Quill Robinson  Photo: Patrick Semansky, AP   08/11/22  
Climate change is often described as a “wicked problem.” That’s because there is no simple, or easy, solution. As Democrats and environmental activists celebrate the Senate’s passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, they should be…

Bill to Speed Energy Infrastructure Faces Resistance

By Timothy Puko  Photo: Ting Shen, Bloomberg News   08/11/22  
Legislation to speed the approval process for energy infrastructure projects is facing political headwinds, including from Republicans who are skeptical of assurances it will help the fossil-fuel industry and don’t like how it was tied…

A victory at whose expense? Climate activists grapple with political compromise.

By Sarah Kaplan  Photo: Chip Somodevilla, Getty Images   08/10/22  
This is the moment climate activists had been working toward. After years of protests and political fights, Congress is poised to pass its largest-ever climate bill: a record $369 billion that will be invested in…

Conceding to Manchin, U.S. climate bill exempts most oil industry from methane fees

By Valerie Volcovici and Nichola Groom  Photo: Shannon Stapleton, Reuters   08/10/22  
The U.S. Senate climate bill’s fee on oil and gas industry methane emissions will cover less than half the sector’s releases of the powerful greenhouse gas, thanks to concessions made to win over party holdout…

Biden finally has a climate bill. What happens next?

By Dino Grandoni  Photo: Susan Walsh, AP   08/10/22  
For 18 months, President Biden’s climate agenda was in limbo. The White House and Senate Democrats were in bumpy negotiations with Sen. Joe Manchin III (D-W.Va.), talks that often seemed like they’d go nowhere (and,…

Democrats’ climate bill won’t grant tax credits to electric vehicles that source materials from China. That’s all EVs.

By Eamon Barrett  Photo: Ting Shen, Getty Images   08/10/22  
On Sunday, the Democrats’s climate bill, dubbed the Inflation Reduction Act, passed the Senate after an all-night “vote-a-rama” to include or reject amendments. The bill unlocks over $300 billion in spending on green energy and…

5 ways the Inflation Reduction Act would fight climate change

By Denise Chow  Photo: Irfan Khan, Getty Images File   08/09/22  
More clean energy, less dirty energy, new punishments for methane leaks and billions of dollars for communities most in need of climate-related help — those are the provisions that have environmentalists celebrating what they see…

Fighting inflation with climate action

By Manuela Andreoni  Photo: Guglielmo Mangiapane, Reuters   08/09/22  
Democrats this weekend muscled through what would be the biggest expenditure ever by the United States to slow global warming, but you wouldn’t necessarily know from the name of the measure that it had anything…

The Field Report: What the Historic Climate Bill Means for Farmers and the Food System

By Lisa Held   08/09/22  
On Sunday, after a marathon session that spanned the weekend, Democrats in the U.S. Senate passed the country’s most significant climate bill to date. While lawmakers made controversial concessions that will expand oil and gas…

Inflation Reduction Act Commits Just $47 Billion to Environmental Justice, Activists Say

By Kristoffer Tigue  Photo: Marc Preel, Getty Images   08/09/22  
Senate Democrats could be “overcounting” the funding for environmental justice provisions in the Inflation Reduction Act and misrepresenting the bill’s benefits for low-income families, communities of color and other historically disadvantaged Americans, according to a…

Why the climate bill’s Senate passage matters

By Ben Geman and Andrew Freedman  Photo: Annelise Capossela/Axios   08/08/22  
Congress is poised to pass the most important climate bill in U.S. history, the first step in a years-long effort to transform the measure into a massive, real-world expansion of clean energy.

After passage of climate bill, long road awaits

By Steven Mufson  Photo: Shuran Huang, The Washington Post   08/08/22  
Sales of electric vehicles are skyrocketing and recently hit record highs, according to Cox Automotive. General Motors, which lost access to the old U.S. tax credit for electric vehicles three years ago, has sold 70,000…

How Manchin kneecapped the climate bill’s EV tax credit

By Jael Holzman  Photo: Francis Chung, E&E News   08/08/22  
Democrats have been jubilant about their budget reconciliation bill nearing final passage, but the auto industry is starting to worry the climate spending legislation might actually slow the nation’s switch away from gas-powered cars. During…

Experts: Senate-passed bill will yield myriad climate benefits

By Dana Nuccitelli   08/08/22  
The bill, headed to the House of Representatives within days, includes by far the largest and most consequential measures to reduce domestic climate pollution in the nation’s history, with a $386 billion clean energy investment,…

Senate passes climate and tax bill after marathon debate

Photo: Kenny Holston/The New York Times   08/08/22  
Despite all Republicans being opposed, the vote was a major victory for President Biden and Democrats. The bill now goes to the House, where it is expected to pass by the end of the week.

What’s in the climate, tax and health care package

By Emily Cochrane and Lisa Friedman  Photo: Brandon Thibodeaux/The New York Times   08/07/22  
After months of painstaking negotiations, Democrats are set to push through a climate, tax and health care package that would salvage key elements of President Biden’s domestic agenda.

Why it took Congress so long to act on climate

By Coral Davenport and Lisa Friedman  Photo: Stefani Reynolds/The New York Times   08/07/22  
The Senate bill avoided the political pitfalls of past legislative attempts by offering only incentives to cut climate pollution, not taxes.

Senate inches toward passage of Inflation Reduction Act

By Tony Romm  Photo: Shuran Huang/The Washington Post   08/07/22  
Throughout the night, Democrats fought to repel GOP amendments to the landmark package. A final vote is expected as soon as Sunday.

Senate Democrats pass sweeping healthcare, tax and climate bill

By Jennifer Haberkorn   08/07/22  
Senate Democrats on Sunday passed a sweeping healthcare, tax and climate change bill that will allow Medicare to negotiate prescription drug costs — a significant political win as the party tries to send a message…

Manchin’s Donors Include Pipeline Giants That Win in His Climate Deal

By Hiroko Tabuchi  Photo: Melissa Golden, The New York Times   08/07/22  
After years of spirited opposition from environmental activists, the Mountain Valley Pipeline — a 304-mile gas pipeline cutting through the Appalachian Mountains — was behind schedule, over budget and beset with lawsuits. As recently as…