South Dakota State Profile and Energy Estimates

South Dakota's vast prairie stretches from the lowlands in the state's east across the rolling hills, canyons, and buttes of the plains to the state's highest peaks, including Mount Rushmore, in the west. The Black…

Energy State Bill Tracking Database

The searchable Energy Storage Legislation Database displays information in interactive maps and charts, tracking state activity from 2017 to the present.

Environment and Natural Resources State Bill Tracking Database

The National Conference of State Legislatures tracks environment and natural resources bills that have been introduced in the 50 states, territories and Washington, D.C.

The First National Flood Risk Assessment

The First Street Foundation Flood Model represents the culmination of decades of research and development made possible by building upon existing knowledge and frameworks regularly referenced in the identification of flood risk.

The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in South Dakota

Between 2017 and 2019, South Dakota experienced one severe flood and one intense drought. The damages of these events led to losses of at least $1 billion.

State-by-State: Climate Change in South Dakota

South Dakota climate and energy facts

10-year Plan For Major Generation And Transmission Facilities


South Dakota’s Climate Threats

Explore graphics, interactives and news about South Dakota's climate threats.

South Dakota’s Climate Change Deniers

Meet South Dakota's climate change deniers.

South Dakota’s agriculture industry is vulnerable to climate change

South Dakota’s climate is already changing. In the past century, most of the state has warmed by 1-2 degrees Fahrenheit. Rainstorms are becoming more intense, and annual rainfall is increasing. In the future, South Dakota…

What Climate Change Means for South Dakota

South Dakota’s climate is changing. In the past century, most of the state has warmed by one to two degrees (F). Rainstorms are becoming more intense, and annual rainfall is increasing. In the coming decades,…

Pay Now, Pay Later: South Dakota

Admittedly, the effects of climate change, a complex and intri- cate phenomenon, are difficult to predict with precision. Informed scientific and economic projections, however, allow us to see that South Dakota faces significant losses to…

Climate Change & South Dakota Wildlife Action Plan Revision

The South Dakota Wildlife Action Plan assesses the health of South Dakota's fish and wildlife and associated habitats, evaluates the problems they face, and outlines actions to help conserve them for the long term.

Preparing for Climate Change in South Dakota

South Dakota has not developed a statewide adaptation plan. Other resources from the Adaptation Clearinghouse, which have been developed by the state and localities to help communities prepare for climate change, are highlighted below.


South Dakota losing public reservoirs, one torrential rain after another

By Christopher Vondracek   01/14/22  
The South Dakota Legislature has a menu of infrastructure fixes this year, including some state-owned spillways damaged in flooding and record rainfall in 2018 and '19. But few lawmakers will invoke the words "climate change,"…

44,000-acre Xcel Energy South Dakota wind farm begins powering over 150,000 homes

By Makenzie Huber   01/12/22  
Xcel Energy announced Wednesday that its new eastern South Dakota wind farm is now in service and is powering more than 150,000 homes to customers in the Upper Midwest, according to a news release.

USDA accepts more than 2.5 million acres in grassland CRP, double last year’s signup

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has accepted offers for more than 2.5 million acres from agricultural producers and private landowners for enrollment through this year's Grassland Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Signup

Gevo Files for Environmental Permits in South Dakota for the Net-Zero 1 Project

By Gevo Inc   08/26/21  
Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) is pleased to announce that the air quality and wastewater permit applications for the company’s Net-Zero 1 project have been filed with the South Dakota Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources.

There’s smoke in the air above the Black Hills, where climate change has created the ravages of the fire season

By Jay Davis   08/25/21  
Black Hills realtors and conservative politicians have been touting for months the arrival of refugees from the east and west coasts. Apparently thousands of migrants, many of whom are now free to work remotely from…

From Floods To Drought: Ranchers Reflect On Extreme South Dakota Weather

By Meghan Fieghery   08/24/21  
The state is so deep into a drought that it’s easy to forget the situation was much different two years ago. In 2019, widespread floods damaged farmland, roads, and infrastructure.

SD Intertribal Wind Project Gets Boost From Apple

By Arielle zionts   08/17/21  
The Oceti Sakowin Power Authority (OSPA) is one of 15 businesses selected for Apple’s inaugural Impact Accelerator program. Apple will provide training and networking for Black, Hispanic and Native American-owned, eco-friendly businesses.

How drought conditions are impacting South Dakota

By Sarah McDonald   07/29/21  
You don’t have to look far to find dry conditions in KELOLAND – just a few weeks ago we talked with people across the state dealing with the the drought.

Climate change goals and oil production are clashing in the U.S.

By Joel K. Bourne , Jr.   07/19/21  
On his first day in office, President Joe Biden rejoined the Paris Agreement, temporarily banned all new oil and gas leases on federal land, and canceled permits for the controversial Keystone XL pipeline.

Disparities of climate change mapped

By Monetory Bay Aquarium   07/14/21  
"One of the dirty tricks of climate change is that local pollution has far-reaching consequences," says former Aquarium Chief Scientist Dr. Kyle Van Houtan, who led the study during his tenure. "When we burn fossil…

The Impacts Of Climate Change And The Trump Administration’s Anti-environmental Agenda In Washington, D.c.

Just in the past three years, the Trump administration has attempted to roll back at least 95 environmental rules and regulations to the detriment of the environment and Americans’ public health. Moreover, the administration refuses…

Will climate change cause another dust bowl?

By Nathaniel Scharping   06/10/21  
Growing up in rural Iowa in the 1990s, Isaac Larsen remembers a unique herald of springtime. The snowbanks piled along roads, once white or gray, would turn black. The culprit was windblown dust, stirred from…

South Dakota’s Noem launches legal strategy to take on Biden

By Stephen Groves   05/25/21  
 South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem catapulted onto the list of conservative politicians favored by former President Donald Trump with her libertarian approach to the pandemic. With the virus waning, she may be seeking to stay…

Biden revokes Keystone XL pipeline permit, tipping scales in decade-old fight in western South Dakota

By Christopher Vondracek   01/20/21  
PIERRE, S.D. — Within hours of taking the Oval Office on Wednesday, Jan. 20, President Joe Biden followed through on a campaign promise to yank the Keystone XL permit that President Trump issued just four years…

Avangrid unleashes 155MW of South Dakota wind

Avangrid Renewables and WEC Energy have begun commercial operation of the 155MW Tatanka Ridge wind farm in South Dakota, US.  

Tatanka Ridge Wind Farm Achieves Commercial Operation

By Dairyland Power Co-operative   01/19/21  
LA CROSSE, Wis., Jan. 19, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Avangrid Renewables, LLC, a subsidiary of AVANGRID, Inc. (NYSE: AGR) completed commissioning of the 154.8 megawatt (MW) Tatanka Ridge Wind Farm on January 5, 2021. The facility's 56 wind turbines are located in Deuel County,…

Gevo Inc unveils Net-Zero 1 project to turn renewable energy into liquid hydrocarbons

By Andrew Kessel   01/11/21  
Gevo Inc (NASDAQ:GEVO) has announced the first project in its new Net-Zero series, which is designed to create energy dense liquid hydrocarbons that deliver net-zero greenhouse gas emissions when burned.

Tight Grid Capacity Limits SD Wind-Energy Growth

PIERRE, S.D. - The renewable-energy industry is happy to be included in the COVID-19 relief bill signed this week by President Donald Trump. However, South Dakota regulators say that to see more growth for wind…

Climate change: Many of the states most at risk are also the least prepared

By Megan Latshaw , Jon Links and Matt McKillop   12/09/20  
Climate change is often seen as a problem for the future, a calamity that looms over the coming decades. In fact, it is already here, and wreaking havoc.

Will Extreme Weather Keep Getting Worse? Scientists Say Yes.

By Jan Wesner Childs   11/15/20  
One by one, climate and disaster records and milestones have been shattered in 2020. The stories of the extremes make daily headlines: Nine cities see their earliest snowfall ever.

States that have lost the most farms the last 100 years

By Liz Barrett Foster   10/23/20  
Agriculture is an integral part of the American economy. Stacker examines which states have lost the most farms over the last 100 years, with data from the 1920 Agriculture Census and 2019 Census State Agriculture Summaries.

Public Utilities Chairman says South Dakota seeing Boom in Renewable Energy Projects

By Troy VanDusen   10/06/20  
Power production is changing rapidly across the country and regulators are sometimes scrambling to keep up.

Solar and wind energy continue to grow in Midwest

By Andrew Weeks   10/06/20  
Everybody needs it – energy to power businesses and homes, to give light when it is dark, to help keep people cool in the summer and warm during the cold months.

SAGE Development Authority Launches Crowdfunding Initiative

Project Will Utilize Renewable Energy Resources to Advance Economic Development for a Tribal Nation and Provide a Replicable Model for Other Native Communities

Climate change is killing the farm belt. With a little help, farmers can fix it

By Art Cullen   09/19/20  
They call the storm a derecho, and it blasted through Tim Gannon’s central Iowa farm at 100 mph on Aug. 10, wrecking a machine shed and burying his equipment. Fourteen million acres of Iowa crops…

Which State Gets the Highest Percentage of its Electricity from Wind Turbines?

The answer is Iowa. In the month of June, Iowa got 54.4% of it’s electricity from the wind. Second place went to Kansas with 47.0%, followed by Oklahoma with 37.3%, S. Dakota with 33.1% and…

Cities With the Highest Flood Risk in Every State

By Andrew Lisa   08/23/20  
Floods accounted for three of the 14 natural disasters that caused at least $1 billion in damage in the United States in 2019. In total, flooding impacted 14 million Americans last year and put another…

WEC Energy Group invests $235M in South Dakota wind farm

By Todd Bragstad   07/28/20  
WEC Energy Group, parent company of Milwaukee utility We Energies, is investing about $235 million to acquire 85% ownership interest in Tatanka Ridge Wind Farm, which is currently under construction in Deuel County, South Dakota.

One plant in Rapid City is excited to start operating with renewable energy

By Connor Matteson   05/12/20  
Including customers like GCC in Rapid City. They are partnering with the energy company to provide the cement plant with 50% renewable energy for the next 15 years.

GCC cement plant partners with Black Hills Energy, moving to wind energy

Black Hills Energy will build a wind-power generating facility in 2020 to supply the energy. Located near Cheyenne, Wyoming, the Corriedale Wind Energy Project is anticipated to produce energy by the first quarter of 2021…

Energy company announces plans to build solar farm in Pennington County

A Minnesota energy company plans to build what it says will be the largest solar farm in the state near New Underwood in Pennington County.

Avangrid Renewables to sell South Dakota wind farm output to Google

Avangrid Renewables, a unit of Avangrid, Inc. signed its first major wind contracts with Google for 196 MW of new South Dakota wind power.

Report: South Dakota led nation in 2019 wind energy growth

By Ellen Bardash   04/21/20  
The state had 50 percent more wind energy resources in 2019 than in 2018, the American Wind Energy Association’s Wind Powers America 2019 annual report indicated, and South Dakota now generates 23.9 percent of its…

Three states have quietly criminalized environmental protest during covid chaos

By Shilpa Jindia   04/19/20  
Kentucky, South Dakota and West Virginia have all passed laws in March designating oil and gas pipelines as critical infrastructure to stamp out fossil fuel protests. In Kentucky and South Dakota, tampering with or damaging…

Silence of the climate watchdogs

By Mark Hertsgaard   04/08/20  
AN ABSENT DOG DOES NOT BARK, says an African proverb. The US press has hardly been absent during the coronavirus outbreak; many outlets have run stories about little else. But the focus on the virus…

3 States Pass Anti-Pipeline Protest Bills in Two Weeks

By Olivia Rosane   03/30/20  
In just two weeks, three states have passed laws criminalizing protests against fossil fuel infrastructure. Between March 16 and March 25, the governors of Kentucky, South Dakota and West Virginia all signed laws designating oil…

States Quietly Pass Laws Criminalizing Fossil Fuel Protests Amid Coronavirus Chaos

By Alexander C. Kaufman   03/28/20  
At least three states passed laws putting new criminal penalties on protests against fossil fuel infrastructure in just the past two weeks amid the chaos of the coronavirus pandemic.

A Federal Court Delivers a Victory for Sioux Tribe, Another Blow for the Dakota Access Pipeline

By Phil Mckenna   03/25/20  
n a major victory for opponents of the controversial Dakota Access Pipeline, a federal judge ruled on Wednesday that prior environmental assessments failed to fully consider the impact of the project. The Army Corps of…

With Their Boots On The Ground, South Dakota Farmers Weather Changing Climate

By Cara Hetland   03/24/20  
While top scientists from around the world point to data that says the drier rangeland climate found west of the 100th Meridian has shifted east in the last three decades, those living and farming in…

Solar Energy Kicks Carbon Capture Butt In Wild Renewable Energy Rampage

By Tina Casey   02/28/20  
South Dakota was once a quiet backwater for solar activity in the US, but no more. A major electricity wholesaler just inked its first ever solar energy deal to create the largest ever solar farm…

From manure to natural gas: Calif. company eyes South Dakota dairy farms for cleaner energy

By Nick Lowrey   02/17/20  
California-based renewable energy company Brightmark Energy announced plans on Feb. 5 to capture, refine and sell methane gas rising off the decaying manure produced at three dairy farms in Minnehaha County near Sioux Falls. The…

Combating climate change with agriculture and biofuels

By Kelli Volk   01/21/20  
Farmers are key to putting food on our tables, but a South Dakota-based ethanol producer says they can be critical to something else as well.

Increased Precipitation in South Dakota in Line With Climate Change Models

By David Scott   07/30/19  
Seven months in to 2019 has seen near record levels of precipitation across South Dakota. Officials say with more wet weather forecast it is likely a record-breaking year. The increased precipitation is in line with…

Global climate change impacts South Dakota communities

By Lexi Kerzman   04/01/19  
Over Earth’s history, the climate has experienced significant changes, even in the local communities of South Dakota. These changes, including ice ages and warmer periods of temperature, happened naturally over the course of millions of…

States, flooding: The Fight to Tame a Swelling River With Dams That May Be Outmatched by Climate Change

By Tyler J. Kelley   03/21/19  
Along the Missouri, John Remus controls a network of Dams that dictates the fate of millions. 'It was not designed to handle this.'

Climate Change Real, Damaging Economy; Inaction More Costly Than Active Response

By Cory Allen Heidelberger   11/25/18  
Climate change is costing us money and lives right now. The humans causing that change need to do something about it right now. Such are the undeniable conclusions of the United States Global Change Research…

What bison in South Dakota can teach us about fighting climate change

By Umair Irfan   09/14/18  
The Weather Channel earlier this year launched a fantastic package on the impacts of climate change across the United States, with 50 stories about how rising temperatures will affect all 50 states.

How climate change will affect South Dakota: more weed growth, 100-degree days

By Daniel Simmons-Ritchie   06/22/14  
Over the next century, if the earth warms as forecast, the Southwest will increasingly be plagued by droughts and wildfires; New England will be deluged with rain; and stretches of Florida's coast will erode as…