Florida’s population has tripled since 1970 closing in on 22 million people in 2021, making it the third most populous state in the US. 16 million Floridians live in coastal counties vulnerable to climate-related issues such as rising sea levels and flooding.

Already in 2016, the EPA published a report pointing out that the Florida peninsula had warmed more than one degree (F) during the last century, the sea was rising about one inch every decade (accelerating perhaps to 1-4 feet in the next century), and heavy rainstorms were becoming more severe. It predicted that rising temperatures were likely to increase storm damages, harm coral reefs, increase the frequency of unpleasantly hot days, and reduce the risk of freezing to Florida’s agriculture. And it observed, that along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of Florida, the land surface was also sinking, a result of sea level rise and increased precipitation, submerging wetlands and dry land, which was eroding beaches and exacerbating both coastal and inland flooding.

Florida has large biomass and solar resources, and insignificant oil and natural gas reserves, but its energy grid is primarily powered by imported fossil fuels through interstate pipelines. It is the fourth largest energy-consuming state, but due to its large population, its per-capita energy consumption ranks amongst the lowest five states. After Texas, Florida is the second-largest electricity producing state, with 75% of production powered by natural gas, 10% from coal and nuclear each, with renewables accounting for another 4% as of 2019. Florida is one of twelve states which has not implemented a renewable energy standard and is currently using a combination of state and local incentives, tax credits, and loan programs for certain renewable energy technologies. Net metering and interconnection rules are in place for investor-owned utilities and customer-cited generation facilities that qualify.

In August of 2021 the city of Tampa voted to move the city to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2035, making it the 12th Florida city to do so, despite the current governor signing prohibitive energy bills into law restricting municipalities from taking “actions which restrict or prohibit” energy sources used by utilities. They are also prohibited from banning gas stations or requiring them to install electric chargers. Tampa joins Tallahassee, Gainesville, Orlando, Satellite Beach, Dunedin, Largo, Safety Harbor, St. Petersburg, Sarasota, Cocoa & South Miami Beach.

Florida energy policy has typically favored utility companies, which have fought to prevent the direct sale of electricity from solar companies to their customers, as is permitted in 29 other states and territories, this despite Florida having the fourth-highest solar installation rate in the country. In the Spring of 2019 a lawsuit launched by eight kids called for stronger action to decarbonize the energy system in order to preserve their rights to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness. It was rejected by an appeals court in May 2021 as a three-judge panel of the 1st District Court of Appeal upheld a 2020 decision by Leon County Circuit Judge Kevin Carroll to dismiss the case. The panel did not give a detailed explanation, but cited Carroll’s conclusion that the case involved “nonjusticiable political questions.”

In June, 2021, when a Miami condo collapsed Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm suggested that climate change may have played a role. As engineers weighed whether harsher conditions from climate change – flooding, salt water intrusion, heavier rain, higher temperatures, more intense hurricanes—played a role, a final answer is not yet forthcoming.



Florida Transit Agency Buys 60 Electric Buses

A Florida transit agency, the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) of Pinellas County, recently ordered 60 full-electric buses. Pinellas County is the large county just west of Tampa that includes St. Petersburg, Clearwater, and Palm…

Tampa is holding listening sessions for residents at the frontline of climate change

The city also announced a $1 million investment into renewable energy solar panels and electric vehicle charging stations at the City Center at Hanna municipal building in East Tampa.

Federal government invests $815K in renewable energy projects in rural Florida

The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced it is making nearly 800 investments into renewable energy projects aimed at making rural communities in Florida more independent and resilient to the impacts of climate change.

City of Tampa Begins Development of Climate Action & Equity Plan

The City of Tampa is now developing the city’s first Climate Action & Equity Plan. The plan advances one of Mayor Castor’s major campaign commitments and is part of the Resilient Tampa Roadmap, released in…

Washington County officials approve a solar power plant

Washington County is closer to having energy independence after Thursday night’s commission meeting.

Reports: Florida is on track to become a regional leader in solar energy

 While climate scientists are sounding the alarm on rising global temperatures, a recent federal report is saying the U.S. is at least heading in the right direction in terms of using one form of renewable…

Tampa Commits To 100% Clean, Renewable Energy By 2035

Tampa's city council voted Thursday in favor of moving the city to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2035, making it the 12th Florida city to do so. This latest passage comes after Gov. Ron DeSantis signed…

Duke Energy Florida announces 4 new solar sites

Duke Energy Florida today announced the locations of its four newest solar power plants – the latest move in the company’s program to expand its renewable generation portfolio.

Orange County’s Future Shines Brighter Together … Connecting Residents with Affordable Solar

Orange County is excited to announce another opportunity to help residents “go solar” by joining with the City of Orlando and Solar United Neighbors to provide another Solar Co-op.  

Homeowners Across Florida Are Switching To Solar Power Through Group Purchases

More than 60,000 homes, businesses and billboards are powered by solar energy across Florida right now, and one nonprofit is trying to increase that number by getting residents to purchase through multiple groups.

Florida Resilient Coastlines Program

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is committed to marshaling resources to prepare Florida’s coastal communities and habitats for the effects of climate change, especially rising sea levels.

CS/CS/SB 1954 — Statewide Flooding and Sea Level Rise Resilience

The bill establishes statewide programs for adaptation to flooding and sea level rise. The programs are intended to address flooding all across the state. The bill creates: The Resilient Florida Grant Program within the Department…

Point of View: Home insurance rates soaring with the heat

By Carlos Gimenez 05/25/21
Homeowners are the ones who incur the hefty costs when extreme weather strikes, especially those who live in low-lying coastal areas. Now is the time for all levels of government, in conjunction with the innovations…

Preparing for Climate Change in Florida

This page provides an overview of the steps the state is taking to prepare for the impacts of climate change.

Miami-Dade County Regional Climate Action Plan

Florida is considered one of the most vulnerable areas to climate change, with Southeast Florida especially susceptible to impacts such as rising sea levels. Miami-Dade County has been on the forefront of these issues for…

Southeast Florida Regional Climate Action Plan

The Regional Climate Action Plan (RCAP) is the Compact's guiding tool for coordinated climate action in Southeast Florida to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build climate resilience. The RCAP provides a set of recommendations, guidelines…

Florida State Energy & Climate Action Plan

During the past 14 months, the Governor’s Action Team on Energy and Climate Change (Action Team) worked diligently to develop the Florida Energy and Climate Change Action Plan (Action Plan).  In keeping with the guidance provided…


Florida State Profile and Energy Estimates

The Florida peninsula extends almost 450 miles south from the Georgia border to the Florida Keys in the Gulf of Mexico. The state's northern boundary stretches about 360 miles from the Atlantic Ocean across the…

Energy State Bill Tracking Database

The searchable Energy Storage Legislation Database displays information in interactive maps and charts, tracking state activity from 2017 to the present.

Environment and Natural Resources State Bill Tracking Database

The National Conference of State Legislatures tracks environment and natural resources bills that have been introduced in the 50 states, territories and Washington, D.C.


The short answer to this question is that solar panels are not illegal in Florida. However, you may have come across this question while researching solar power options in Florida. If you’re wondering why people are…

Rigorously Valuing the Role of U.S. Coral Reefs in Coastal Hazard Risk Reduction

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic…

The First National Flood Risk Assessment

The First Street Foundation Flood Model represents the culmination of decades of research and development made possible by building upon existing knowledge and frameworks regularly referenced in the identification of flood risk.

The State of Climate Adaptation in Public Health An Assessment of 16 U.S. States

EcoAdaptpartnered with the Natural Resources Defense Council to assess the state of climate adaptation planning and implementation for climate-related threats to public health in 16 U.S. states.

The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in Florida

Between 2017 and 2019, Florida experienced three tropical cyclones, three severe storms, and one freeze. The damages of each event led to losses of at least $1 billion.

State-by-State: Climate Change in Florida

Florida is extremely vulnerable to impacts of climate change that threaten the state’s agriculture, energy and tourism industries


mySolarCost is a free service that allows you to quickly and easily compare prices, features, and products from top solar providers and brands. Whether you are trying to save on your electric bill or increase…

Clean Energy Florida

Clean Energy Florida works to catalyze clean energy growth, adoption, and investment across the state of Florida. The state is well positioned to become a leading and innovative clean and renewable energy hub, and businesses…

Florida Solar

Florida’s solar policies have lagged behind other states: it has no renewable portfolio standard and does not allow power purchase agreements, two policies that have driven investments in solar in other states.


The new hurricane resiliency: being off the grid

By Niala Boodhoo   10/11/22  
More than 4 million Floridians lost power after Hurricane Ian. But not communities like Babcock Ranch, a Southwest Florida development that bills itself as America’s “first solar-powered town.”

What a rebuilt southwest Florida might look like

By Jennifer A. Kingson   10/11/22  
If history is any guide, the areas devastated by Hurricane Ian will be rebuilt even bigger than before — but probably with storm-inspired improvements to local infrastructure and building codes.

Babcock Ranch: Solar-powered “hurricane-proof” town takes direct hit from Hurricane Ian, never loses electricity

While hard-hit Fort Myers, Florida, continues its recovery from Hurricane Ian, some hope can be found 12 miles to the northeast at the planned community of Babcock Ranch. That's where Syd Kitson and his partners…

Florida Commits $1 Billion to Climate Resilience. But After Hurricane Ian, Some Question the State’s Development Practices

By James Bruggers   10/08/22  
Outside his first-floor apartment where he had slept, Hurricane Ian moved violently and slowly over the Florida interior, dropping monumental amounts of rain on the low-slung landscape pockmarked everywhere with lakes and rivers, ponds and…

Many of Hurricane Ian’s Victims Were Older Adults Who Drowned

By Mitch Smith and Others   10/07/22  
A 57-year-old woman in the Sarasota area developed hypothermia and died after her roof caved in and she became stuck in floodwaters. A 96-year-old man drowned after getting trapped under a parked car in Charlotte…

Florida leaders rejected climate laws. Now they’re seeking storm aid.

By Christopher Flavelle and Jonathan Weisman   10/04/22  
Senior Republican politicians in the state have opposed federal action against global warming, which is making storms like Hurricane Ian more destructive.

Strange Scenes of Ian: From a Doorbell Camera

By Rebecca Halleck and Others   10/04/22  
Hurricane Ian’s menace sent homeowners around Florida scurrying to safer parts while their technology stood sentry. Home camera security systems served as the unflinching eyes and ears for anxious people whose homes were in the…

Photos: Striking Before and After Photographs Over Hurricane Ian’s Path

By Derek Hawkins   10/04/22  
Few Places experienced hurricane Ian's destructive power like Fort Myers Beach, Fla., and the surrounding area

Three Ways to Build Back Smarter After Hurricane Ian

By Elena Shao   10/03/22  
The damage from Hurricane Ian will very likely run into the tens of billions of dollars and scientists say the United States can expect more severe storms like it as the planet heats up. They…

Their paradise lost to Ian, Sanibel residents hope its spirit survives

By Molly Hennessey-Fiske   10/02/22  
Crossing the causeway bridge from the mainland, visitors’ first glimpse of this cherished Gulf Coast getaway was often Point Ybel Light, an iron tower built in 1884 at the tip of the 33 square-mile spit…

Floridians hit by hurricane face gridlock, flooding, extensive damage

By Tim Craig   10/01/22  
Search and rescue efforts continued along Florida’s west coast as residents confronted the sweeping devastation and rising death toll wrought by Hurricane Ian, one of the strongest storms ever to make landfall in the continental…

On Florida’s Islands, Scenes of Paradise Lost, Maybe for Good

By Jennifer Reed and Others   09/30/22  
Mitch Pacyna and his wife had weathered other hurricanes in their 27 years on this sandy stripe of barrier island and decided to ride out Hurricane Ian at home.

Before Hurricane Ian, Florida’s Southwest Coast Was a Place to Escape the Chaos

By Jennifer Reed and Others   09/29/22  
Jessica Cosden’s family was huddled together at home as roofs rattled, trees crashed down and surging waters filled the 400 miles of canals lacing their city. Then everything went dark. “We just lost power,” Ms.…

Here’s Where All The Strongest Hurricanes Have Hit the U.S. in the Past 50 Years

By Solcyre Burga   09/29/22  
Hurricane Ian devastated southern Florida on Wednesday afternoon when it hit as a Category 4 storm, causing intense flooding and leaving 2.5 million Floridians without power.

Hurricane Ian’s Staggering Scale of Wreckage Becomes Clearer in Florida

By Patricia Mazzei and Others   09/29/22  
The extent of Hurricane Ian’s destruction became clearer on Thursday as people across southwestern Florida, left without electricity, drinking water or inhabitable homes, began to assess the damage and gird for what Gov. Ron DeSantis…

‘Historic’ flooding slams Florida as Ian turns toward the Carolinas

By multiple authors   09/29/22  
Early assessments offered a grim look at widespread damage as rescuers struggled to reach stranded Floridians. The storm is expected to strengthen back into a hurricane and make landfall again in South Carolina. Our reporters…

Here’s why Hurricane Ian is sucking water out of Tampa Bay.

By Elena Shao   09/28/22  
Even as some parts of Florida’s coast experience a catastrophic surge of seawater over their shores, Hurricane Ian has pushed water out of Tampa Bay, leaving it less than a foot deep in some areas.

Cat. 5 storms making landfall in U.S. are rare. But three out of the four smashed Florida

By Clara-Sophia Daly   09/28/22  
Before touching down around 3 p.m at Cayo Costa, an island off Captiva that’s accessible only by boat and has few full-time residents, it had been swirling around the southwest Florida coast with maximum sustained…

Maps show how millions of people have moved into Hurricane Ian’s path

By Simon Ducroquet, Brady Dennis and John Muyskens   09/28/22  
Florida’s allure has been a constant for generations. But recent decades have brought more transplants — and more development — than ever. In few places is that more apparent than along the swath of coastline…

Florida prepares for Ian’s impact ‘one way or the other’ as hurricane strengthens

By Scott Dance and Others   09/26/22  
Evacuation orders expanded by the hour along Florida’s Gulf Coast on Monday as officials warned residents to prepare for powerful, widespread impacts from a strengthening Hurricane Ian — a storm on its way to becoming…

Ian strengthens on perilous path toward Florida

By Matthew Cappucci and Others   09/25/22  
Tropical Storm Ian is gaining strength as it continues to churn through the northwestern Caribbean. It is set to slam western Cuba before turning north and aiming toward Florida later this week. A period of…

Rising seas could swallow millions of U.S. acres within decades

By Brady Dennis   09/08/22  
New research finds an estimated 25,000 properties in Louisiana could slip below tidal boundary lines by 2050. Florida, Texas and North Carolina also face profound economic risks.

These hurricane flood maps reveal the climate future for Miami, NYC and D.C.

By Jenny Staletovich and Others   07/28/22  
As climate change warms the planet, drives up sea levels and energizes hurricanes, the arsenal of dangerous impacts delivered by the fierce storms is expected to get supercharged. Among the most worrisome: powerful flooding from…

‘This is not a survivable market.’ Insurance crisis hits Fla.

By Thomas Frank   06/22/22  
FedNat’s pullback is the latest in a stunning series of insurance cancellations, nonrenewals and company liquidations that have left Florida residents struggling to find coverage at the start of a hurricane season that is projected…

Florida solidifies its status as the nation’s waste-to-energy capital with supportive new law

By Cole Rosengren   06/22/22  
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis signed a law (SB 1764) on Monday to establish a financial assistance program for power purchase agreements at municipally-owned solid waste combustion facilities, as well as grants to potentially incentivize capacity…

NextEra Energy plans to cut all carbon emissions by 2045, partly via FPL adding 140 GW of solar, storage

By Ethan Howland   06/14/22  
Outside Florida, NextEra aims to help decarbonize the utility and other sectors through its NextEra Energy Resources subsidiary. NextEra sees a roughly $4 trillion investment opportunity in decarbonizing the U.S. economy by 2050, a move…

Tropical Weather Floods Miami Streets, Stranding Some Motorists

By Eric Adelson and Others   06/04/22  
In Miami, drivers faced slashing rains and impassable streets that disrupted the city and surrounding areas throughout Saturday. The city’s fire department responded to several people caught in cars amid the rising waters, rescuing residents…

This Year’s Hurricane Season Threatens One Of The U.S.’s Biggest Economies

By Alejandro De La Garza   06/02/22  
As the June 1 start of hurricane season approached last week, Florida lawmakers raced to address a crucial gap in the state’s coastal defenses: property insurance. Insurance markets in the state are in crisis, with…

Citing cost pressures on homeowners, DeSantis vetoes bill to end solar incentives

By Mary Ellen Klas   04/28/22  
“Given that the United States is experiencing the worst inflation in 40 years and that customers have seen steep increases in the price of gas and groceries, as well as escalating bills, the state of…

States’ solar fights pinpoint tensions between environmentalists and utility companies

By Vanessa Montalbano   03/31/22  
Lawmakers in Florida are clamping down on solar incentives for homeowners, escalating a years-long fight between clean energy advocates and politically powerful utility companies.

Florida passes net metering bill that will gut rooftop solar, advocates say, as they call for a veto

By Lulia Gheorghiu   03/08/22  
The Florida Senate on Monday passed a bill 24-15 that has been criticized by distributed solar advocates as an attempt to gut rooftop solar in the state. The bill had already gotten approval in the…

Wildfires in Florida Panhandle prompt evacuations

By Alyssa Lukpat and Isabella Grullón Paz   03/05/22  
Three fast-moving wildfires in the Florida Panhandle have consumed more than 10,000 acres and forced the evacuation of more than 1,100 homes, the authorities said.

Florida House passes bill to establish climate change resiliency office

By Zack Budryk   03/03/22  
The bill would require the state to develop a resilience strategy for its highways as well as a list of other resilience projects, with a list of priorities and cost estimates. It would also create…

Florida bill could obliterate the state’s up-and-coming solar industry

By Elizabeth Djinis   03/03/22  
As the Sunshine State, Florida might seem like it would be a leader in rooftop solar, but it’s taken years for the industry to make incremental progress in the state. Now a new bill threatens…

Florida university to design ‘Category 6’ hurricane wind and surge simulator

By Jeremy Deaton   03/02/22  
When Hurricane Dorian and its 185 mph winds mauled the Bahamas in 2019, it was a wake-up call for disaster researchers. As the strongest hurricane on record to hit east of Florida in the Atlantic,…

Biden’s Infrastructure Bill Includes an Unprecedented $1.1 Billion for Everglades Revitalization

By Amy Green   02/11/22  
The dark water represents one of the most startling symptoms of what silently is killing the 156-mile lagoon, an estuary on Florida’s east coast that is among the most biologically diverse on the continent: nutrient…

Miami residents are climate change refugees in this immersive art experience

By Jordan Levin A   01/28/22  
“Prelude to 2100” is artist Susan Caraballo’s vision of a future Miami besieged by climate change. Set decades from now, this immersive arts experience allows us to see much of what we’ll need in order…

Florida’s Red Tides Are Getting Worse and May Be Hard to Control Because of Climate Change

By Aman Azhar   01/19/22  
A task force appointed by Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis to address the state’s algal bloom crisis concluded in a recent report that “without hard work and careful planning” adverse human health impacts and widespread wildlife…

Southwest Florida seeing local impacts of climate change according to new climate assessment

By Andrew Shipley   01/14/22  
While the forecast this week might not seem like it, but 20-21 was an exceptionally warm year here in Fort Myers and around the United States. NOAA and NASA released their 2021 Climate Assessment on…

Solar Farms Create Conflict for Endangered Florida Panthers, Scientists Find

By Paige Bennett   01/13/22  
As more places transition to cleaner energy, there’s another ecological issue at hand. What about the habitats impacted by building large renewable energy facilities? In Florida, utility-scale solar energy is important for reducing the carbon…

Florida Senate committee advances controversial rooftop solar bill

By Mary Ellen Klas   01/12/22  
In a signal to Florida Power & Light that legislators are committed to pursuing its top priority, a Florida Senate committee gave bipartisan approval Tuesday to a bill intended to restrict the expansion of rooftop…

League of Women Voters: Florida must pass bills to transition to clean energy by 2040

By Jay Rosenbak and Lynn Frazier   01/12/22  
The League of Women Voters believe a functioning democracy needs a habitable planet. In the 2022 legislative session, the League has identified 80 bills that have direct implications for the environment. We support seven of…

5 environmental stories that affected Tampa Bay in 2021 and what’s ahead in 2022

By Zachary T. Sampson   01/12/22  
The environment dominated headlines this spring and summer in Tampa Bay, despite the enduring coronavirus pandemic, as back-to-back crises threatened the region’s namesake waterway.

Fla. eyes rooftop solar clampdown

By Kristi E. Swartz   01/12/22  
The bill has a chance of passage, considering its support from Florida Power & Light Co., the state’s largest electric company, setting up a dynamic that could shift the trajectory of the solar industry in…

Bill Filed To Crush Solar Choice In The Sunshine State (Florida)

By George Cavros   01/10/22  
Florida Power and Light (FPL), the state’s largest power company, has written an anti-rooftop solar bill and is pushing it at the Florida Legislature. If passed, the bill will decimate rooftop solar adoption in Florida…

USF to launch new Center of Excellence in Environmental and Oceanographic Sciences on the St. Petersburg campus

The University of South Florida is seeking support from the Florida Legislature and the local community to advance a bold new plan for an interdisciplinary center of excellence that will harness the collective power of…

A lesson from Surfside? Underground assault from sea-level rise puts coastal structures at risk

By Kimberly Miller   01/09/22  
Subterranean assaults by rising seas on the ill-fated Champlain Towers South more than doubled over a 26-year period, according to a Florida International University study that measured how often water levels rose higher than the…

What climate change means for Florida strawberry farmers

By Bradley George   01/03/22  
Florida’s strawberry harvest is underway. Farmers are facing challenges due to climate change, but researchers are trying to help them adapt.

Florida’s environment took a beating in 2021. Could 2022 be even worse?

By Ed Killer   01/02/22  
The list of environmental disasters that befell Florida's lands and waters in 2021 was as long as a tarpon killed by red tide. The headlines blasted across media platforms last year made tourist development council…

Documents show FPL wrote bill to slow rooftop solar’s growth by hampering net metering

By Mary Ellen Klas and Mario Alejandro Ariza   12/20/21  
Rooftop solar power generation in Florida is still a nascent industry, but Florida Power & Light, the nation’s largest power company, is pushing to hamstring it — by writing and delivering legislation the company asked…