Before you do anything else, follow this extraordinary infographic on permafrost and learn about its impact on climate change

Deforestation & Reforestation



Land and oceans currently absorb 50% of the CO2 created by human activity. Trees and forests are a powerful force for climate mitigation.  As more forests are cleared for agriculture — mainly to grow soy, raise cattle, and produce palm oil — greenhouse gas emissions increase as a byproduct of nitrogen fertilizer and methane from cattle and sheep. Additionally, deforestation eliminates trees which are “breathing in” CO2 and “breathing out” moisture. Cattle ranching and soy bean farming in the Amazon, for example, account for 80% of deforestation there, and the raging fires during President Bolsonaro’s first year in office in 2019 are creating a climate, and a humanitarian, crisis. As deforestation has taken its toll, the Amazon has moved from carbon sink to a source of CO2, emitting more than it is able to absorb.

In the U.S., millions of acres of land have been opened to drilling and mining due to rollbacks by the Trump administration. A 2018 federal report found that about a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions in the US come from fossil fuel extraction on federal land.  A timeline of Trump’s anti-public lands crusade is documented at Outside

In June 2020, data from the University of Maryland suggests that we lost a football field of primary forest every six seconds in 2019, making our loss 2.8% higher than the year before.

In September 2020, a new danger was reported. As trees grow faster in warmer conditions, taking up and storing more carbon dioxide as they grow, they also die faster. This grew out of a report published in the journal Science in May 2020 that human felling of trees had cut forest area by 12% since 1900.

And, then there is permafrost…how climate change will affect it and how it will affect climate change...


One Way Forest Carbon Credits Might Come in Handy

By Emily Pontecorvo 06/03/24
Wildfires are razing U.S. forests faster than either natural regrowth or active replanting can restore them. There’s a nearly 4 million-acre backlog in the western U.S. of forests that have burned and not been re-seeded.…
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California wants to harness more than half its land to combat climate change by 2045. Here’s how

By Hayley Smith 04/22/24
California has unveiled an ambitious plan to help combat the worsening climate crisis with one of its invaluable assets: its land.
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Global Forest Loss Remains High, Despite Recent Progress

By Manuela Andreoni 04/08/24
Despite major progress in protecting vast tracts of rainforest, the world failed again last year to significantly slow the pace of global forest destruction, according to a report issued on Thursday. Record wildfires in Canada…
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Tropical forest loss eased in 2023 but threats remain, analysis shows

By Jake Spring 04/04/24
Tropical forest loss declined last year, but other indicators show that the world's woodlands remain under tremendous pressure, according to an analysis, opens new tab released on Thursday by the Global Forest Watch monitoring project.
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Century of Tree Planting Stalls the Warming Effects in the Eastern United States, Says Study

By Andy Corbley 02/20/24
A century of gradual reforestation across the American East and Southeast has kept the region cooler than it otherwise would have become, a new study shows. The pioneering study of progress shows how the last…
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Very cool: trees stalling effects of global heating in eastern US, study finds

By Oliver Milman 02/17/24
Trees provide innumerable benefits to the world, from food to shelter to oxygen, but researchers have now found their dramatic rebound in the eastern US has delivered a further, stunning feat – the curtailing of…
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DeBriefed 16 February 2024: Atlantic and Amazon ‘tipping points’; New ‘troika’ for 1.5C; Global support for climate action ‘underestimated’

By Simon Evans 02/16/24
CURRENT COLLAPSE?: New research found the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), a large system of ocean currents that helps keep western Europe milder, “may already be on course to a tipping point”, the Press Association…
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A Collapse of the Amazon Could Be Coming ‘Faster Than We Thought’

By Manuela Andreoni 02/14/24
Up to half of the Amazon rainforest could transform into grasslands or weakened ecosystems in the coming decades, a new study found, as climate change, deforestation and severe droughts like the one the region is…
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Old forests are critically important for slowing climate change and merit immediate protection from logging

By Beverley Law and William Moomaw 02/06/24
Forests are an essential part of Earth’s operating system. They reduce the buildup of heat-trapping carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion, deforestation and land degradation by 30% each year. This slows global…
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Bid by meatpacker JBS to join New York Stock Exchange faces opposition over Amazon deforestation

By Fabiano Maisonnave 01/19/24
In recent weeks, lawmakers in the United States and the United Kingdom have sent letters to the Securities and Exchange Commission cautioning against the listing of JBS, the world’s largest meatpacking company, on the New…
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Amazon rainforest: Deforestation rate halved in 2023

By Sofia Ferreira Santos 01/12/24
The rate of deforestation in Brazil's Amazon fell by nearly 50% in 2023 compared to the previous year, space agency data suggests. Brazil's environment ministry said it was the lowest recorded deforestation rate in the…
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How Much Can Forests Fight Climate Change? A Sensor in Space Has Answers.

By Manuela Andreoni and Leanne Abraham 12/08/23
Over the last century, governments around the world have drawn boundaries to shield thousands of the world’s most valuable ecosystems from destruction, from the forests of Borneo and the Amazon to the savannas of Africa.…
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Causes of climate change

Burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature.

What Is Global Forest Watch?

Thousands of people around the world use GFW every day to monitor and manage forests, stop illegal deforestation and fires, call out unsustainable activities, defend their land and resources, sustainably source commodities, and conduct research…

Bringing Forests Back

The Trillion Trees ReForest Fund is restoring forests all over the world for the benefit of people, nature and the climate - for generations to come

American Forests

American Forests has been at the forefront of every positive change that has happened in the nation’s forests and has always stood up for healthy forests.

Biden-Harris Administration Announces Plans for Reforestation, Climate Adaptation, including New Resources from Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

Today, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced a strategy for how the Biden-Harris Administration, through the U.S. Department of Agriculture, will address a reforestation backlog of four million acres on national forests and plant more than…

Reduction in Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+)

Many stakeholders are concerned with the status of global forests and the effects of deforestation and forest degradation, for several reasons. Forests store the greatest amount of terrestrial carbon on Earth and play a significant…

U.S. Forest Carbon Data

The flux—or flow—of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is the dominant contributor to the observed warming trend in global temperatures.1Trees, however, store (sequester)CO2from the atmosphere, accruingsignificant stores of carbon over…

Exemplary Forestry

Exemplary Forestry is a forest management approach created by New England Forestry Foundation (NEFF) that prioritizes forests’ long-term health and outlines the highest standards of sustainability currently available to the region’s forest owners.

A platform for the trillion tree community

02/18/20 exists to connect, empower and mobilize a global reforestation community of millions, unleashing their potential to act at an unprecedented scale and speed, to ensure the conservation and restoration of one trillion trees within…

We plant trees for a better world. Help us children to save our future

It all started with a school presentation and today Plant-for-the-Planet is a global movement with an ambitious goal: to fight the climate crisis by planting trees around the world.


We did it! But that doesn’t mean we’re done. Come back anytime you feel like planting a tree!

Natural climate solutions

Natural climate solutions, Results and Discussion

Ecosia – the search engine that plants trees

Ecosia is like any other search engine, with one major difference: we use our profits to plant trees.

Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation

The prevention of deforestation and promotion of afforestation have often been cited as strategies to slow global warming. Deforestation releases CO2 to the atmosphere, which exerts a warming influence on Earth's climate. However, biophysical effects…

How Deforestation Affects Climate Change

The world loses more than 7,000 square meters of tree cover per second, according to the most recent year for which we have complete data.

Your Yard Is a Stealthy Fossil Fuel Guzzler — Give It a Climate Makeover

Want a climate-friendly home? Your yard is a good place to start. This is the first in a five-part series of guides on how to manage your outdoor turf to reduce your carbon footprint, all…

Eden Reforestation Project

Eden Reforestation projects reduces extreme poverty and restores healthy forests by employing local villagers to plant millions of trees every year.

Amazon Watch

Amazon Watch was founded in 1996 to protect the rainforest and advance the rights of indigenous peoples in the Amazon Basin. We partner with indigenous and environmental organizations in campaigns for human rights, corporate accountability…

Global Forest Watch

Forest Monitoring Designed for Action: Global Forest Watch offers the latest data, technology and tools that empower people everywhere to better protect forests.

Deforestation and Forest Degradation

WWF has been working to protect forests for more than 50 years and outlines here causes, impacts, what WWF is doing, and how you can help.


Couple Plants 2 Million Trees in 20 Years to Turn Destroyed Forest Back Into a Wildlife Haven

By Andy Corbley   11/30/23  
In 2001, the legendary photojournalist Sebastião Salgado had a dream of restoring the forest near his home in the state of Minas Gerais. Now 20 years later, his family property is a biodiverse paradise.
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Indonesia says 200,000 hectares of palm plantations to be made forests

By Bernadette Christina and Others   11/01/23  
Some 200,000 hectares (494,210 acres) of oil palm plantations found in areas designated as forests in Indonesia are expected to be returned to the state to be converted back into forests, a government official said…
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The Hottest Summer Ever Demands We Create Robust Urban Forests

By Peter Aronson   09/22/23  
Unless you’ve been away from the news all summer, you probably are aware that earth just experienced the hottest summer on record—the hottest June, July and August since humans began keeping track of global temperatures…
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Forests Are No Longer Our Climate Friends

By David Wallace-Wells   09/06/23  
Canadian wildfires have this year burned a land area larger than 104 of the world’s 195 countries. The carbon dioxide released by them so far is estimated to be nearly 1.5 billion tons — more…
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The US is spending billions to reduce forest fire risks – we mapped the hot spots where treatment offers the biggest payoff for people and climate

By Jamie Peeler   09/06/23  
The U.S. government is investing over US$7 billion in the coming years to try to manage the nation’s escalating wildfire crisis. That includes a commitment to treat at least 60 million acres in the next…
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Can Agroforestry Breathe New Life Into Carbon Markets?

By Daniel Walton   08/29/23  
Before RiCharde and his wife, Anna, took over Good Wheel Farm outside of Asheville in 2019, he managed the livestock operations for another farm in Western North Carolina. He used a conventional approach: He diligently…
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Tiny Forests With Big Benefits

By Cara Buckley   08/24/23  
The tiny forest lives atop an old landfill in the city of Cambridge, Mass. Though it is still a baby, it’s already acting quite a bit older than its actual age, which is just shy…
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How to Plant the Forests of the Future

By Lauren E. Oakes   08/18/23  
From the outside, it appears as a massive concrete structure with excessively large doors adjacent to more buildings, all similarly prominent on the concrete landscape. Inside, trying to take notes while shivering at minus five…
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A trillion trees could cool the planet. But where to get them? There’s a massive disconnect.

By Warren Cornwall   08/09/23  
Everyone, it seems, wants to plant trees. Environmental groups have a goal of a trillion trees. Saudi Arabia wants to plant 10 billion. China has pegged the number at 88 billion. In the U.S., the…
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Governments are gathering to talk about the Amazon rainforest. Why is it so important to protect?

By Fabiano Maisonnave and David Biller   08/06/23  
The Amazon rainforest is a massive area, twice the size of India and sprawling across eight countries and one territory. It’s a crucial carbon sink for the climate, has about 20% of the world’s freshwater…
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A lack of ecological diversity in forest nurseries limits the achievement of tree-planting objectives in response to global change Get access Arrow

By Peter W Clark and Others   07/31/23  
Tree planting is increasingly being adopted as a strategy to address global change, including mitigation, adaptation, and restoration. Although reforestation has long been central to forest management, the desired outcomes of traditional and emerging tree-planting…
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House Republicans propose planting a trillion trees as they move away from climate change denial

By Stephen Groves   07/18/23  
As Speaker Kevin McCarthy visited a natural gas drilling site in northeast Ohio to promote House Republicans’ plan to sharply increase domestic production of energy from fossil fuels last month, the signs of rising global…
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Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon drops 34% in first half 2023

By Carolina Pulice and Jake Spring   07/07/23  
Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon fell 34% in the first half of 2023, preliminary government data showed on Thursday, hitting its lowest level in four years as President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva institutes tougher environmental…
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What can we do to keep the boreal forest from being flushed away?

By Ellen Montgomery   06/29/23  
The towering trees of the boreal forest are being turned into toilet paper that gets flushed away forever. We’re telling Procter & Gamble, the maker of Charmin and other paper products, to go forest-free.
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Despite Global Pledges, Tree Loss Is Up Sharply in Tropical Forests

By Manuela Andreoni   06/27/23  
More than a year after countries pledged to end deforestation by 2030, the world is continuing to lose its tropical forests at a fast pace, according to a report issued on Tuesday. The annual survey…
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Climate change: Deforestation surges despite pledges

By Matt McGrath & Mark Poynting   06/27/23  
Data shows that cutting down tropical forests increased by 10% in 2022, despite promises made at COP26....
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What We Owe Our Trees

By Jill Lepore   05/22/23  
The woods I know best, love best, are made of Northern hardwoods, sugar maple and white ash, timber-tall; black and yellow birch, tiger-skinned; seedlings and saplings of blighted beech and striped maple creeping up, knock-kneed,…
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The truth about Big Toilet Paper

By Arielle Samuelson   03/17/23  
Are the fat cats at Charmin waging a secret campaign to prevent the widespread adoption of bidets?
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Biden administration expected to move ahead on major oil project

By Lisa Friedman   03/10/23  
The decision would allow an enormous $8 billion drilling project in the largest expanse of pristine wilderness in the United States....
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They stumbled upon a way to help prevent the next pandemic.

By Caroline Chen   03/07/23  
Jocelyn knew only one way to live. Growing up next to the Manombo Special Reserve in southeast Madagascar, his family taught him from a young age to see the forest as a source of income.…
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A third of companies linked to deforestation have no policy to end it

By Helena Horton   02/15/23  
A third of the companies most linked to the destruction of tropical rainforests have not set a single policy on deforestation, a report reveals. Research by Global Canopy has found that 31% of the companies…
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Tropical forests face ‘substantial carbon loss’ as humid areas contract

By Yanine Quiroz   02/07/23  
The reduction of humid regions in a warming climate could cause “substantial carbon loss” across the tropics by the end of the century, a new study finds.
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Biden bans logging roads in much of America’s largest national forest

By Timothy Puko   01/25/23  
The Biden administration on Wednesday restored protections for more than half of Alaska’s Tongass National Forest, safeguarding one of the world’s largest intact temperate rainforests from new roads and logging.
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With forests in peril, she’s on a mission to save ‘mother trees’

By Sarah Kaplan   12/27/22  
MALCOLM KNAPP RESEARCH FOREST, British Columbia — Suzanne Simard walks into the forest with a churchgoer’s reverence. The soaring canopies of Douglas firs are her cathedral’s ceiling. Shifting branches of cedars, maples and hemlocks filter…
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Recently Passed Federal Funding Package Makes Investments in Natural Climate Solutions

By National Audubon Society   12/23/22  
The Fiscal Year 2023 appropriations bill includes important wins for climate and conservation, though fails to include important legislation that would greatly benefit wildlife.
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New Jersey wants to restore 10,000 acres of ‘fairy-tale’ forest

By YCC Team   12/14/22  
Rising seas threaten to kill the state’s dwindling Atlantic white cedar forests. The post New Jersey wants to restore 10,000 acres of ‘fairy-tale’ forest appeared first on Yale Climate Connections. ...
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How Does Deforestation Lead To Human Diseases?

By Andrew Wight   12/07/22  
Colombian disease ecologist Juliana Hoyos is part of a multidisciplinary team studying the links between deforestation and diseases like Chagas disease and American cutaneous leishmaniasis.
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Whistleblower: Enviva claim of ‘being good for the planet… all nonsense’

By Justin Catanoso   12/05/22  
The operator of a Tigercat tractor used its claw-like arm to skillfully scoop up what just days before had been a sizable old oak, as the clear-cut of a thickly wooded 52-acre (21-hectare) site in…
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Stop burning trees to make energy, say 650 scientists before Cop15 biodiversity summit

By Phoebe Weston   12/05/22  
Letter says bioenergy is wrongly deemed ‘carbon neutral’ and contributes to wildlife lossMore than 650 scientists are urging world leaders to stop burning trees to make energy because it destroys valuable habitats for wildlife.In the…
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A murder in the Amazon reveals what the fight over the rainforest is all about

By Andrew Downie   12/03/22  
In the south of the Amazon, just where two dirt roads cross, is a small bar, set back a bit from the highway. There’s no name over the door because it’s part of a house,…
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COP27: Key outcomes for food, forests, land and nature at the UN climate talks in Egypt

By Aruna Chandrasekhar and Others   11/24/22  
The COP27 summit in the Egyptian coastal resort of Sharm el-Sheikh made history by including food, rivers, nature-based solutions, tipping points and the right to a healthy environment in an overarching COP “cover decision” for…
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How The Forest Dies

By Terrence McCoy   11/18/22  
In her 60 years of life in the Amazon, Antonia Franco dos Santos has never had much money. Food was sometimes scarce. But never in the forest, with its heavy rains and endless rivers, had…
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As Glasgow forest pledge turns to action, most signatories drop out

By Joe Lo   11/07/22  
As a pledge from last year’s UN climate summit to save forests firms up into an active partnership, most signatories have dropped out. At Cop26 in Glasgow, UK, 145 nations representing over 90% of the…
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Brazil, Indonesia and DRC in talks to form ‘Opec of rainforests’

By Patrick Greenfield   11/05/22  
The big three tropical rainforest nations – Brazil, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo – are in talks to form a strategic alliance to coordinate on their conservation, nicknamed an “Opec for rainforests”,…
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There’s a Big Problem With Countries’ Plans to Plant More Trees

By Molly Taft   11/03/22  
Countries will need close to 3 billion acres (1.2 billion hectares) of land to fulfill their current climate pledges, thanks to their focus on techniques like planting new trees over tougher but less land-intensive methods…
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Can a Nation Replace Its Oil Wealth With Trees?

By Dionee Searcey and Others   11/03/22  
Evening and the rainforest. A riverbank packed with elephants. Treetops so dense they obscure all but a chimpanzee’s hairy arm. And, as the sun sets, a twinkle on the horizon: an offshore oil platform.
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Study Shows Protected Forests Are Cooler

By Bob Berwyn   11/02/22  
In rapidly warming northern forests, restricting human activities can slow the rate of warming by as much as 20 percent, but managing lands in between protected areas is also important.
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Climate change: can money stop deforestation?

Rampant deforestation has driven economic growth, but accelerates climate change. How do you put a price on trees, to make them worth more alive than dead?
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Countries Want to Plant Trees to Offset Their Carbon Emissions, but There Isn’t Enough Land on Earth to Grow Them

By Katie Surma   11/01/22  
Countries’ climate pledges rely on “unrealistic” and “extensive” amounts of land for carbon removal projects like tree planting schemes, a new report from the University of Melbourne said.  A landmass larger than the entire United…
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We all love trees, but they’re not the climate solution we need

By William Chapman   09/25/22  
Science magazine in the summer of 2019 printed a report suggesting that foresting 0.9 billion hectares (3.47 million square miles) of currently non-forested land would absorb carbon dioxide and combat global warming. The authors had…
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Are there better places to put large solar farms than these forests?

By Gabriel Popkin   09/21/22  
In Charlotte County, population 11,448, forests and farms slope gently toward pretty little streams. The Roanoke River, whose floodplain includes one of the most ecologically valuable and intact forests in the Mid-Atlantic, forms the county’s…
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Are There Better Places to Put Large Solar Farms Than These Forests?

By Gabriel Popkin   09/21/22  
CHARLOTTE COURT HOUSE, Va. — In Charlotte County, population 11,448, forests and farms slope gently toward pretty little streams. The Roanoke River, whose floodplain includes one of the most ecologically valuable and intact forests in…
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Europe Is Sacrificing Its Ancient Forests for Energy

By Sarah Hurtes and Others   09/07/22  
burning wood was never supposed to be the cornerstone of the European Union’s green energy strategy. When the bloc began subsidizing wood burning over a decade ago, it was seen as a quick boost for…
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Making clothes from trees brings an unlikely win-win for food security and the environment

By Emma Bryce   09/02/22  
There’s a ubiquitous crop that slurps up unsustainable quantities of water, gets doused in chemicals and fertilizers to maintain its growth—and yet doesn’t provide us with any food. This crop is cotton, and it covers…
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Lose grazing animals, gain wildfires

By Meg Chatham   09/02/22  
For millions of years, grazers have roamed nearly every ecosystem on the planet. However, during the late Quarternary period (50,000 to 6,000 years ago), we rapidly lost many of the planet’s largest and most iconic…
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By Terrence McCoy   08/30/22  
Daniel Valle sped down Highway 317, closing in on the first targets of the day. He was in a hurry. Deforestation alerts had tripled in recent weeks. Police were warning that armed criminal groups had…
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Towns May Grow Millions More Trees with $1.5B for Urban Forestry

By Alex Brown   08/25/22  
Last year, legislators in Washington state passed a law to bolster the urban forestry work of the Department of Natural Resources. The agency’s urban and community forestry program, which had just two staffers in 2020,…
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It costs nothing to leave our trees as they are

By Carole King   08/25/22  
My career as a songwriter began in Manhattan, not far from where I was born. When I moved to Los Angeles in 1968, I became part of the singer-songwriter community that coalesced around Laurel Canyon.…
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Why mature and old forests are so important for climate mitigation and adaptation

By Beverly E. Law and Others   08/23/22  
The United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicates that we must substantially reduce emissions from burning fossil fuels and simultaneously increase removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by land and ocean reservoirs.
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Climate change may push North America’s forests to a “tipping point”

When we think about forests and climate change, our minds often see an image of rainforests burning in the Amazon or tropical jungles being scorched in Indonesia for palm oil. But new research reveals that…
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