Before you do anything else, you might want to check out your home’s specific risks here ….

Extreme Weather


One of the most visible consequences of a warming world is the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The US government’s own 2018 National Climate Assessment Report finds that heat waves, drought, heavy downpours, floods, and major hurricanes have all increased in the US, as has their strength.

It’s affecting us economically: NOAA released a billion dollar extreme weather events map from 2000-2019 pinpointing the US locations where disaster has already struck, followed by a list of the top ten costliest events.

And, it’s affecting us everywhere:

• The Southeast is experiencing hurricanes with stronger wind speeds, more rain, and worsened storm surge — all adding up to more destruction
• The Southwest is seeing droughts lasting way longer than they are historically accustomed to
• The Northeast is the fastest-warming region in the contiguous United States, according to a recent study — and it’s heating up at a rate 50 percent faster than the global average
• Fires have intensified throughout the West as it becomes hotter and drier
• Farmers in the Midwest are experiencing more downpours increasing flooding and erosion

The consequences of doing nothing are severe. A study using FEMA and HUD data in 2017, which looked at the results of federal grants, determined that $1 spent in MITIGATION yielded a $6 benefit. Dissection of those benefits state by state, can be explored here.

At the end of 2019, COLLATERAL, a website focused on Climate, Data and Science from The Weather Channel, published a history of climate change in the last decade by Bob Henson which is stunning in its perception and its diligence. After looking to the future, he closes his article quoting Katharine Hayhoe, and reminding us: “Every action matters. Every bit of warming matters. Every year matters. Every choice matters.”

There are 1,750 designated Superfund sites across the country, 945 of which are at risk of being compromised by climate-driven storms, floods, wildfires and sea level rise. More at InsideClimate News

In the end of June, 2022, Climate Central launched a tool to make every weatherman’s heart glow: called a Climate Shift Index (complete with interactive maps) it shows the daily influence of climate on weather by location!

Michael Svoboda, from Yale Climate Connections, published in August, 2022  another list of great climate change books. His focus, this time, was on extreme weather and the twelve recommendations cover the gamut  from renowned University of Oxford researcher Friederike Otto’s Angry Weather to the newest title in a wonderful series for Grade 3 level readers ranging from air quality to rising sea levels. 



It’s time for Northeast to prep for floods like those that hit this winter. Climate change is why

By Patrick Whittle 02/15/24
After back-to-back storms lashed the Northeast in January, rental properties Haim Levy owns in coastal Hampton, New Hampshire, were hammered by nearly two feet of water, resulting in hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage…
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Image By CCR + AI
Highlight Article

El Niño is starting to lose strength after fueling a hot, stormy year, but it’s still powerful − an atmospheric scientist explains what’s ahead for 2024

By Paul Roundy 02/08/24
Wild weather has been roiling North America for the past few months, thanks in part to a strong El Niño that sent temperatures surging in 2023. The climate phenomenon fed atmospheric rivers drenching the West…
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California’s Climate Has Come Unmoored

By Ross Andersen 02/07/24
An atmospheric river is exactly what it sounds like: a ribbon of concentrated moisture that can stretch for 1,000 miles through the sky. The one that brought all manner of chaos to Los Angeles this…
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Yes, it’s cold. Yes, the planet’s still warming.

By Derrick Z. Jackson 01/18/24
It’s become a familiar pattern by now. Every cold snap that grips the nation brings with it a bunch of hot air from conservative politicians who seize on subzero temperatures and declare global warming a…
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As Storms Freeze the Midwest, ‘It’s Just Rough Out There’

By Jacey Fortin and Others 01/12/24
High winds and heavy snow turned much of the Midwest into a frosty mess on Friday. Roads and sidewalks across the region became treacherous, forcing some highways to close and grounding thousands of flights.
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Heavy snow in Great Lakes and flood risk in East as latest major storm continues

By Matthew Cappucci, Jason Samenow and Others 01/12/24
The week’s third major storm — and perhaps most powerful — is underway, sweeping from Arkansas on Friday morning to near Chicago in the afternoon and eventually northern Michigan on Saturday. The system is developing…
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‘Astounding’ ocean temperatures in 2023 intensified extreme weather, data shows

By Damian Carrington 01/11/24
“Astounding” ocean temperatures in 2023 supercharged “freak” weather around the world as the climate crisis continued to intensify, new data has revealed. The oceans absorb 90% of the heat trapped by the carbon emissions from…
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Massive storm leaves widespread damage and outages from flooding, tornadoes

By Ian Livingston and Ben Brasch 01/10/24
A 911 operator in Portland, Maine, received a terrifying call Wednesday morning: Winter storm winds had just blown a truck off a bridge and into a shallow tidal basin 30 to 45 feet below.
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New England storm aftermath: Shoreline flooding, evacuations, and washed-out roads

By Emily Sweeney and others 01/10/24
A pounding rainstorm that lashed the region overnight caused extensive flooding along the coast Wednesday, washing out roads, engulfing vehicles, and forcing evacuations in Rhode Island and Hampton, N.H. The storm dropped several inches of…
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2023: 5th-Hottest U.S. Year with Record Billion-Dollar Disasters

2023 was the hottest year on record globally, and the 5th-hottest for the U.S., according to NOAA. Chart-topping temperature rankings are part of a decades-long trend of rapid warming caused mainly by carbon pollution. Chart-topping…
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Polar vortex, extreme weather events set to slam U.S.

By Andrew Freedman 01/08/24
The next two weeks will feature multiple "powerhouse" storm systems and a polar vortex event that together will affect the U.S. from coast to coast, snarling travel, threatening lives and causing damage.
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

The U.S. has sustained 373 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2023). The total cost of these 373 events exceeds $2.655 trillion.
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Extreme weather The big picture

The storm that brought New York City the most snow in more than two years was also one of the biggest forecast busts in recent memory for the highly populated I-95 corridor.

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

Summary of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate related disaster research, methodology, and data sources.

Extreme April heat in Spain, Portugal, Morocco & Algeria almost impossible without climate change

A large area of South Western Europe and Northern Africa experienced extremely high temperatures usually only seen in July and August, at the end of April 2023.

WeatherPower Year in Review: 2022

Climate Central’s WeatherPower™ tool produces daily estimates and forecasts of solar and wind generation at local scale across the continental United States. To study America’s growing renewable electricity capacity and generation, we analyzed WeatherPower data…

12 titles on extreme weather – and how to handle it

With parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States still suffering or recovering from withering heat waves, and with the peak of hurricane season approaching, titles about extreme weather and how to handle it seem…

NOAA tool now brings disaster risk, vulnerability down to community level

A comprehensive update to NOAA’s Billion Dollar Disasters mapping tool now includes U.S. census tract data – providing many users with local community-level awareness of hazard risk, exposure and vulnerability across more than 100 combinations…

Introducing the Climate Shift Index

Climate Central launches the Climate Shift Index—a new tool that shows the local influence of climate change, every day. Climate Shift Index (CSI) levels indicate how much climate change has altered the frequency of daily…

Assessing the Global Climate in June 2022

Globally, June 2022 was the sixth-warmest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date (January-June) global surface temperature was also the sixth warmest on record. According to NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a…

Assessing the U.S. Climate in July 2022

Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

September 2021 Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks

OAA and its partners have released the latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks, which recap summer conditions and provide insight into what might be expected this autumn.

What’s Going On With Extreme Weather?

In recent months, record-high temperatures, flooding and drought have had catastrophic consequences for individuals and communities.

National Centers for Environmental Information

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) hosts and provides public access to one of the most significant archives for environmental data on Earth. We provide over 37 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical…

New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States

According to new data from the Rhodium Group analyzed by ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, warming temperatures and changing rainfall will drive agriculture and temperate climates northward, while sea level rise will consume…

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Attributing extreme weather to climate change.

NOAA’s Weather and Climate Toolkit

NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit (WCT) is free, platform independent software distributed from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The WCT allows the visualization and data export of weather and climate data, including Radar,…

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps

This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. How-to instructions can help you navigate data access tools.

Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU)

EPA's CRWU initiative provides drinking water, wastewater and stormwater utilities with practical tools, training and technical assistance needed to increase resilience to extreme weather events.

Climate Change

This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate…

Is your state at risk?

Climate Central is an independent group of scientists and communicators who research and report the facts about our changing climate and how it affects people’s lives. We are a policy-neutral 501(c)(3) nonprofit.

Explaining Extreme Events OF 2018 From a Climate Perspective

Analyses Of The Northern European Summer Heatwave Of 2018

Climate Central

Extreme Weather Videos


‘It Is All Connected’: Extreme Weather in the Age of Climate Change

By Henry Fountain and John Schwartz   07/18/21  
The images from Germany are startling and horrifying: houses, shops and streets in the picturesque cities and villages along the Ahr and other rivers violently washed away by fast-moving floodwaters.
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These Scientists Linked June’s Heat Wave to Climate Change in 9 Days. Their Work Could Revolutionize How We Talk About Climate

By Alejandro de la Garza   07/13/21  
Long before most people in the U.S. Pacific Northwest had woken up on June 28—the hottest day in last month’s record-breaking heat wave—European climate scientists Geert Jan van Oldenborgh and Friederike Otto were preparing to…
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Elsa drenching New England after deluging Mid-Atlantic

By Matthew Cappucci   07/09/21  
It’s the final day of Elsa’s unwelcome tour up the U.S. East Coast, a journey thus far filled with heavy rain, flooding, strong winds and tornadoes. After lashing New England and the Northeast on Friday,…
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Add ‘Climate Hazards’ to Your Home-Buyer’s Checklist

By Debra Kamin   06/18/21  
As global temperatures increase and sea levels rise, home shoppers are looking at more than just location, price and the number of bedrooms when exploring properties. They are also wondering about the risk of natural…
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Study: Extreme weather may not lead to increased support for climate action

By Jennifer Marlon   06/18/21  
For some Americans, the signs of global warming are everywhere. In 2020 alone, wildfires broke records across the West, hurricanes fueled by abnormally warm ocean temperatures battered the Southeast, and a Death Valley weather station…
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Here’s How You’re Already Paying for Climate Change

By Emma Kerr   06/10/21  
States in the Midwest and Northeast set record temperature highs on Monday as an extreme heat wave moved across the country from drought-ridden areas in the West, while at the other end of the spectrum,…
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New climate predictions increase likelihood of temporarily reaching 1.5 °C in next 5 years

There is about a 40% chance of the annual average global temperature temporarily reaching 1.5°C above the pre-industrial level in at least one of the next five years – and these odds are increasing with…
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As hurricane season looms, Biden doubles funding to prepare for extreme weather

By Juliet Eilperin , Brady Dennis and Matt Viser   05/25/21  
President Biden announced Monday that he was doubling the amount of money the U.S. government will spend helping communities get set for extreme weather events, proclaiming the need for full readiness as he visited government…
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Biden doubling FEMA funds for extreme weather preparations

By Zack Budryk   05/24/21  
The Biden administration will direct $1 billion toward the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) fund for extreme weather preparation, a 100 percent increase over existing funding levels, the White House announced Monday.
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Deadly flooding. ‘Zombie fires.’ A massive iceberg. It’s been a wild week in weather and climate change

By Faith Karimi   05/22/21  
Climate change is about more than just rising temperatures. It's pervading our daily lives and causing new weather patterns, both on land and at sea. Its ripple effects are reverberating on storm activity and flooding.…
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Extreme Weather Displaces Record Numbers of People as Temperatures Rise

By Deutsche Welle   05/21/21  
Storms, floods, wildfires and droughts drove more than 30 million people from their homes last year, as rising temperatures wrought extra chaos on the climate, according to a report published Thursday by the Internal Displacement…
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Biden made this city a poster child for climate change. Then it flooded again.

By Adam Mahoney   05/20/21  
Amid the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Southwest Louisiana city faced three hurricanes in 2020, leaving thousands without homes and jobs. And this week it was pelted by a once-in-a-century rain event, which brought…
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There’s a New Definition of ‘Normal’ for Weather

By Henry Fountain and Jason Kao   05/12/21  
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration last week issued its latest “climate normals”: baseline data of temperature, rain, snow and other weather variables collected over three decades at thousands of locations across the country.
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America’s new climate ‘normal’ is hotter, wetter, and more extreme

By Erin Snodgrass   05/05/21  
National data released Tuesday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration supports what scientists have been shouting for years: The ongoing climate crisis has created a wet, hot, American climate.
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Exclusive: 2020’s Hurricane Zeta Nearly Caused ‘Another Deepwater Horizon Catastrophe’ in Gulf of Mexico

By Sharon Kelly   04/05/21  
It was Thursday, October 22, 2020, when the crew aboard the Transocean Deepwater Asgard, an ultra-deepwater rig in the Gulf of Mexico, started monitoring a weather disturbance in the nearby Caribbean Sea that bore the…
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Texas Is a Rich State in a Rich Country, and Look What Happened

By Ezra Klein   02/25/21  
We don’t realize how fragile the basic infrastructure of our civilization is.
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A Glimpse of America’s Future: Climate Change Means Trouble for Power Grids

By Brad Plumer   02/16/21  
Systems are designed to handle spikes in demand, but the wild and unpredictable weather linked to global warming will very likely push grids beyond their limits.
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The climate is drunk again

By Emily Atkin   02/16/21  
Remember when the term “polar vortex” went viral? It was January of 2014, and parts of the U.S. were colder than Mars. In Minnesota, temperatures reached negative 35 degrees, and in Texas it was 21.…
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Forecast: Wild Weather in a Warming World

By John Schwartz   01/30/21  
Rough winter weather is working its way across the United States, with bitterly cold air hitting the Northeast and snowstorms expected along the East Coast next week.
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2020 rivals hottest year on record, pushing Earth closer to a critical climate threshold

By Chris Mooney, Andrew Freedman and John Muyskens   01/15/21  
Escalating temperatures poise planet to breach1.5 C for the first time, possibly later this decade
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A “forever” drought takes shape in the West

By Jennifer A. Kingson   01/14/21  
The Southwest U.S. is mired in an ever-worsening drought, one that has left deer starving in Hawaii, turned parts of the Rio Grande into a wading pool, and set a record in Colorado for the most days of "exceptional drought."
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A record 22 billion-dollar disasters struck the U.S. in 2020

By Matthew Cappucci   01/09/21  
The year 2020 will go down in the history books as one riddled with a record number of billion-dollar disasters. According to a new report released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on…
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Record number of billion-dollar disasters struck U.S. in 2020

It was an extraordinary year for weather and climate events in the U.S.: The nation endured an unprecedented 22 billion-dollar disasters in 2020.  A record number of named tropical storms formed in the Atlantic, with…
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How climate change is affecting winter storms.

By John Schwartz   12/17/20  
The major winter storm that hit the Eastern United States on Wednesday and Thursday probably prompted some people to ask, “What happened to global warming?”
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2020 North Atlantic Hurricane Season Shatters Records

One of the most remarkable characteristics of the 2020 North Atlantic hurricane season was its extremely high level of activity. The season saw 30 named storms (storms with winds of 39 mph or greater) develop,…
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Will Extreme Weather Keep Getting Worse? Scientists Say Yes.

By Jan Wesner Childs   11/15/20  
One by one, climate and disaster records and milestones have been shattered in 2020. The stories of the extremes make daily headlines: Nine cities see their earliest snowfall ever.
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5 climate ghost towns

By Daniel Cusick   10/30/20  
Climate change is creating American ghost towns with a regularity not seen since the 19th century, when boomtowns sprouted and died as quickly as their resources could be devoured.
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The undeniable link between weather disasters and climate change

By Sarah Kaplan   10/22/20  
By many measures, 2020 has been disastrous. Hurricanes in the Atlantic are so numerous that there are not enough letters in the Latin alphabet to name them all. Fires in California torched more than 4…
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The undeniable link between weather disasters and climate change

By Sarah Kaplan   10/22/20  
What is the link between climate change and the natural disasters we are currently experiencing?
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Underwater And On Fire: U.S. Climate Change Magnifies Extremes

By Seth Borenstein   09/19/20  
As the East Coast gets drenched and the drier West Coast is ablaze, climate change may not be the only factor.
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Every Place Has Its Own Climate Risk. What Is It Where You Live?

By Stuart A. Thompson and Yaryna Serkez   09/18/20  
For most of us, climate change can feel like an amorphous threat — with the greatest dangers lingering ominously in the future and the solutions frustratingly out of reach.
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Fire and rain: Twin climate catastrophes ravage U.S.

By Jeremy P. Jacobs   09/16/20  
America awoke this morning at war with two slowly unfolding climate disasters, as wildfires continued to incinerate the West and the powerful Hurricane Sally made landfall in the Southeast.
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Farmers and Ranchers in Crisis: Extreme Weather

Donnie lives near Keene, North Dakota and owns a farming/ranching operation. He farms multiple crops including wheat, oats, barley, canola, field peas, mustard, and corn. He’s been farming and ranching for over 30 years and lives…
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At 121 degrees, Woodland Hills hits all-time high temperature for L.A. County

By Alex Wigglesworth, Jaclyn Cosgrove   09/06/20  
As a historic heat wave left Southern California broiling, Woodland Hills on Sunday recorded an all-time high of 121 degrees, which the National Weather Service said was the hottest temperature recorded at an official weather…
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What It’s Like To Live In A City That’s Had 3 ‘Once In A Lifetime’ Climate Disasters In 12 Years

By Emily Stochl   09/01/20  
My house stands on a neighborhood corner in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. It’s been here for 100 years. My husband and I are only the third family to own this house, but the original land was…
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Everything Is Unprecedented. Welcome To Your Hotter Earth

Rebecca Hersher, Nathan Rott, Lauren Sommer   08/28/20  
The upshot of climate change is that everyone alive is destined to experience unprecedented disasters. The most powerful hurricanes, the most intense wildfires, the most prolonged heat waves and the most frequent outbreaks of new…
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What’s Going on Inside the Fearsome Thunderstorms of Córdoba Province?

By Noah Gallagher Shannon   07/22/20  
Scientists are studying the extreme weather in northern Argentina to see how it works — and what it can tell us about the monster storms in our future.
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Climate Change Is Making Hurricanes Stronger, Researchers Find

By Henry Fountain   05/18/20  
Hurricanes have become stronger worldwide during the past four decades, an analysis of observational data shows, supporting what theory and computer models have long suggested: climate change is making these storms more intense and destructive.
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Life-threatening extreme heat set to trap millions indoors by 2060

By Thin Lei Win   05/08/20  
These punishing conditions have lasted only one to two hours but climate change is likely to prolong them to about six hours at a time by 2060 and expand the affected areas, lead author Colin…
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A nation divided: Polar vortex to unload historic Arctic blast in the East as blistering heat roasts the West

By Andrew Freedman and Matthew Cappucci   05/07/20  
A contorted jet stream — with a massive bulge of high pressure in the West and a downstream dip, or trough, in the East that resembles tall ocean waves — is cleaving the United States…
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Climate Change Is Accelerating, Bringing World ‘Dangerously Close’ to Irreversible Change

By Henry Fountain   12/04/19  
More devastating fires in California. Persistent drought in the Southwest. Record flooding in Europe and Africa. A heat wave, of all things, in Greenland. Climate change and its effects are accelerating , with climate related…
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Climate change and the new language of weather

By Joel Makower   12/02/19  
The United States was tied up in winter weather over the Thanksgiving weekend, from torrential rain in the West to ice and snow in the Midwest to cold winds in the East. Traffic, airports and…
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Climate Whiplash: Wild Swings in Extreme Weather Are on the Rise

By Jim Robbins   11/14/19  
As the world warms, scientists say that abrupt shifts in weather patterns — droughts followed by severe floods, or sudden and unseasonable fluctuations in temperature — are intensifying, adding yet another climate-related threat that is…
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NASA’s Eyes on Extreme Weather

By Ota Lutz   10/18/19  
An extreme weather event is something that falls outside the realm of normal weather patterns. It can range from superpowerful hurricanes to torrential downpours to extended hot dry weather and more. Extreme weather events are,…
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Climate Change is Going to Make Extreme Events Worse: Here’s Why

By Aristos Georgiou   09/19/19  
Rising sea levels, the mass extinction of species and the spread of diseases beyond their current range are just some of the potential consequences of global warming. But perhaps one of the most concerning aspects…
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Extreme weather is driving the energy storage boom

By Michael Colvin   09/15/19  
Energy storage installations for homes and businesses — involving battery technology — are on the rise in areas where extreme weather threatens the electric power grid, such as flood-prone Houston, wildfire-stricken California and hurricane-ravaged Puerto…
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Extreme Weather Displaced a Record 7 Million in First Half of 2019

By Somini Sengupta   09/12/19  
Extreme weather events displaced a record seven million people from their homes during the first six months of this year, a figure that put 2019 on pace to be one of the most disastrous years…
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Extreme weather events linked to poor mental health

By University of York   09/05/19  
People with homes damaged by extreme weather events are more likely to experience mental health issues such as depression and anxiety even when the damage is relatively minor and does not force them to leave…
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In Alaska, a summer of extreme weather continues

By Lauren Tierney and Laris Karklis   08/22/19  
Record-breaking temperatures and unusual precipitation patterns are wreaking havoc across Alaska.
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