Before you do anything else, you might want to check out your home’s specific risks here ….

Extreme Weather

EXTREME WEATHER

One of the most visible consequences of a warming world is the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The US government’s own 2018 National Climate Assessment Report finds that heat waves, drought, heavy downpours, floods, and major hurricanes have all increased in the US, as has their strength.

It’s affecting us economically: NOAA released a billion dollar extreme weather events map from 2000-2019 pinpointing the US locations where disaster has already struck, followed by a list of the top ten costliest events.

And, it’s affecting us everywhere:

• The Southeast is experiencing hurricanes with stronger wind speeds, more rain, and worsened storm surge — all adding up to more destruction
• The Southwest is seeing droughts lasting way longer than they are historically accustomed to
• The Northeast is the fastest-warming region in the contiguous United States, according to a recent study — and it’s heating up at a rate 50 percent faster than the global average
• Fires have intensified throughout the West as it becomes hotter and drier
• Farmers in the Midwest are experiencing more downpours increasing flooding and erosion

The consequences of doing nothing are severe. A study using FEMA and HUD data in 2017, which looked at the results of federal grants, determined that $1 spent in MITIGATION yielded a $6 benefit. Dissection of those benefits state by state, can be explored here.

At the end of 2019, COLLATERAL, a website focused on Climate, Data and Science from The Weather Channel, published a history of climate change in the last decade by Bob Henson which is stunning in its perception and its diligence. After looking to the future, he closes his article quoting Katharine Hayhoe, and reminding us: “Every action matters. Every bit of warming matters. Every year matters. Every choice matters.”

There are 1,750 designated Superfund sites across the country, 945 of which are at risk of being compromised by climate-driven storms, floods, wildfires and sea level rise. More at InsideClimate News

In the end of June, 2022, Climate Central launched a tool to make every weatherman’s heart glow: called a Climate Shift Index (complete with interactive maps) it shows the daily influence of climate on weather by location!

Michael Svoboda, from Yale Climate Connections, published in August, 2022  another list of great climate change books. His focus, this time, was on extreme weather and the twelve recommendations cover the gamut  from renowned University of Oxford researcher Friederike Otto’s Angry Weather to the newest title in a wonderful series for Grade 3 level readers ranging from air quality to rising sea levels. 

CREDIT: NOAA

CURRENT NEWS

It’s time for Northeast to prep for floods like those that hit this winter. Climate change is why

By Patrick Whittle 02/15/24
After back-to-back storms lashed the Northeast in January, rental properties Haim Levy owns in coastal Hampton, New Hampshire, were hammered by nearly two feet of water, resulting in hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage…
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Image By CCR + AI
Highlight Article

El Niño is starting to lose strength after fueling a hot, stormy year, but it’s still powerful − an atmospheric scientist explains what’s ahead for 2024

By Paul Roundy 02/08/24
Wild weather has been roiling North America for the past few months, thanks in part to a strong El Niño that sent temperatures surging in 2023. The climate phenomenon fed atmospheric rivers drenching the West…
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California’s Climate Has Come Unmoored

By Ross Andersen 02/07/24
An atmospheric river is exactly what it sounds like: a ribbon of concentrated moisture that can stretch for 1,000 miles through the sky. The one that brought all manner of chaos to Los Angeles this…
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Yes, it’s cold. Yes, the planet’s still warming.

By Derrick Z. Jackson 01/18/24
It’s become a familiar pattern by now. Every cold snap that grips the nation brings with it a bunch of hot air from conservative politicians who seize on subzero temperatures and declare global warming a…
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As Storms Freeze the Midwest, ‘It’s Just Rough Out There’

By Jacey Fortin and Others 01/12/24
High winds and heavy snow turned much of the Midwest into a frosty mess on Friday. Roads and sidewalks across the region became treacherous, forcing some highways to close and grounding thousands of flights.
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Heavy snow in Great Lakes and flood risk in East as latest major storm continues

By Matthew Cappucci, Jason Samenow and Others 01/12/24
The week’s third major storm — and perhaps most powerful — is underway, sweeping from Arkansas on Friday morning to near Chicago in the afternoon and eventually northern Michigan on Saturday. The system is developing…
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‘Astounding’ ocean temperatures in 2023 intensified extreme weather, data shows

By Damian Carrington 01/11/24
“Astounding” ocean temperatures in 2023 supercharged “freak” weather around the world as the climate crisis continued to intensify, new data has revealed. The oceans absorb 90% of the heat trapped by the carbon emissions from…
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Massive storm leaves widespread damage and outages from flooding, tornadoes

By Ian Livingston and Ben Brasch 01/10/24
A 911 operator in Portland, Maine, received a terrifying call Wednesday morning: Winter storm winds had just blown a truck off a bridge and into a shallow tidal basin 30 to 45 feet below.
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New England storm aftermath: Shoreline flooding, evacuations, and washed-out roads

By Emily Sweeney and others 01/10/24
A pounding rainstorm that lashed the region overnight caused extensive flooding along the coast Wednesday, washing out roads, engulfing vehicles, and forcing evacuations in Rhode Island and Hampton, N.H. The storm dropped several inches of…
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2023: 5th-Hottest U.S. Year with Record Billion-Dollar Disasters

01/09/24
2023 was the hottest year on record globally, and the 5th-hottest for the U.S., according to NOAA. Chart-topping temperature rankings are part of a decades-long trend of rapid warming caused mainly by carbon pollution. Chart-topping…
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Polar vortex, extreme weather events set to slam U.S.

By Andrew Freedman 01/08/24
The next two weeks will feature multiple "powerhouse" storm systems and a polar vortex event that together will affect the U.S. from coast to coast, snarling travel, threatening lives and causing damage.
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

12/08/23
The U.S. has sustained 373 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2023). The total cost of these 373 events exceeds $2.655 trillion.
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KEY RESOURCES

Extreme weather The big picture

02/14/24
The storm that brought New York City the most snow in more than two years was also one of the biggest forecast busts in recent memory for the highly populated I-95 corridor.

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

01/06/24
Summary of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate related disaster research, methodology, and data sources.

Extreme April heat in Spain, Portugal, Morocco & Algeria almost impossible without climate change

05/07/23
A large area of South Western Europe and Northern Africa experienced extremely high temperatures usually only seen in July and August, at the end of April 2023.

WeatherPower Year in Review: 2022

02/22/23
Climate Central’s WeatherPower™ tool produces daily estimates and forecasts of solar and wind generation at local scale across the continental United States. To study America’s growing renewable electricity capacity and generation, we analyzed WeatherPower data…

12 titles on extreme weather – and how to handle it

08/02/22
With parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States still suffering or recovering from withering heat waves, and with the peak of hurricane season approaching, titles about extreme weather and how to handle it seem…

NOAA tool now brings disaster risk, vulnerability down to community level

07/27/22
A comprehensive update to NOAA’s Billion Dollar Disasters mapping tool now includes U.S. census tract data – providing many users with local community-level awareness of hazard risk, exposure and vulnerability across more than 100 combinations…

Introducing the Climate Shift Index

07/26/22
Climate Central launches the Climate Shift Index—a new tool that shows the local influence of climate change, every day. Climate Shift Index (CSI) levels indicate how much climate change has altered the frequency of daily…

Assessing the Global Climate in June 2022

07/14/22
Globally, June 2022 was the sixth-warmest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date (January-June) global surface temperature was also the sixth warmest on record. According to NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a…

Assessing the U.S. Climate in July 2022

07/01/22
Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

September 2021 Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks

09/30/21
OAA and its partners have released the latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks, which recap summer conditions and provide insight into what might be expected this autumn.

What’s Going On With Extreme Weather?

09/22/21
In recent months, record-high temperatures, flooding and drought have had catastrophic consequences for individuals and communities.

National Centers for Environmental Information

08/19/21
NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) hosts and provides public access to one of the most significant archives for environmental data on Earth. We provide over 37 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical…

New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States

11/28/20
According to new data from the Rhodium Group analyzed by ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, warming temperatures and changing rainfall will drive agriculture and temperate climates northward, while sea level rise will consume…

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world

08/20/20
Attributing extreme weather to climate change.

NOAA’s Weather and Climate Toolkit

06/11/20
NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit (WCT) is free, platform independent software distributed from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The WCT allows the visualization and data export of weather and climate data, including Radar,…

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps

06/10/20
This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. How-to instructions can help you navigate data access tools.

Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU)

06/10/20
EPA's CRWU initiative provides drinking water, wastewater and stormwater utilities with practical tools, training and technical assistance needed to increase resilience to extreme weather events.

Climate Change

06/10/20
This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate…

Is your state at risk?

06/10/20
Climate Central is an independent group of scientists and communicators who research and report the facts about our changing climate and how it affects people’s lives. We are a policy-neutral 501(c)(3) nonprofit.

Explaining Extreme Events OF 2018 From a Climate Perspective

03/03/20
Analyses Of The Northern European Summer Heatwave Of 2018

Climate Central

11/19/19
Extreme Weather Videos

MORE NEWS

La Niña could enter rare third straight year. Here’s what that means.

By Matthew Cappucci   04/27/22  
Meteorologists are monitoring the potential for a “triple-dip La Niña,” an unusual resurgence of cooler-than-normal sea surface temperatures in the eastern tropical Pacific. While such a phenomenon might seem remote, La Niña plays an enormous…
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How extreme weather has created a disaster for school infrastructure

By Andrea Stanley   04/13/22  
When last summer’s devastating flood put the town of Waverly, Tenn., underwater, Richard Rye was standing on the roof of the junior high school. The junior high school where, if it had not been a…
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Assessing the U.S. Climate in March 2022

04/08/22  
The current multi-year drought across the West is the most extensive and intense drought in the 22-year history of the U.S. Drought Monitor. Precipitation deficits during the first three months of 2022, across parts of…
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Extreme Weather Has Affected One in Three Americans

By Jeffrey M. Jones   04/06/22  
One in three U.S. adults report they have been personally affected by an extreme weather event in the past two years. Most commonly, they report experiencing extreme cold, hurricanes, or snow, ice storms or blizzards.
Read more

Florida university to design ‘Category 6’ hurricane wind and surge simulator

By Jeremy Deaton   03/02/22  
When Hurricane Dorian and its 185 mph winds mauled the Bahamas in 2019, it was a wake-up call for disaster researchers. As the strongest hurricane on record to hit east of Florida in the Atlantic,…
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How climate change could be making weather whiplash worse

By Dharna Noor   02/25/22  
As if things aren’t stressful enough right now, the weather is going wild. Temperatures in Boston last Wednesday soared to the balmy high-60s, cities across New England broke records for daily high temperatures, and the…
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From record warmth to another snowstorm: this week’s “winter whiplash” could increase with climate change

By Annie Ropeik   02/24/22  
On the heels of record-breaking warmth this week, Maine is set for another winter storm with freezing temperatures Friday. It’s an example of “winter weather whiplash,” which scientists believe may be happening more often as…
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Velshi: We need to prioritize environmental justice in our efforts to fight climate change

By Ali Velshi   02/19/22  
Natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes and wildfires – all made worse by the climate crisis – have something in common: they disproportionately cripple poor, Black and minority communities. Dozens of studies demonstrate how climate-aggravated natural…
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Assessing the U.S. climate in January 2022

02/08/22  
During January, the average contiguous U.S. temperature was 31.0°F, 0.9°F above the 20th-century average, ranking in the middle third of the 128-year record and was the coolest January since 2014.
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Climate change is altering the smell of snow

By Dawn Fallik   02/05/22  
Unlike spring, summer and fall, which have strongly defined aromas (flowers in bloom, beaches, decaying leaves), the current season is marked by the scent of nothing. Nothing’s growing. Nothing’s dying. It’s a kind of olfactory…
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Over 300,000 without power as major winter storm slogs east

By Matthew Cappucci , Paulina Firozi and Others   02/04/22  
More than 300,000 customers from Texas to Pennsylvania were without power Thursday night as a major winter storm continued moving east across the United States, bringing snow, sleet and freezing rain to Midwest and eastern…
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New study predicts huge increase in catastrophic hurricanes for the northeast

By Rebecca Hersher   02/03/22  
Hurricanes that cause both extreme high tides and heavy rain are among the most dangerous and destructive types of storms for coastal communities. Such hurricanes will occur much more frequently by the end of the…
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Video: Historic tornadic weather extremes in mid-December

By Peter Sinclair   01/06/22  
Think back to mid-December. It’s not easy.But for the moment forget things like the Christmas, Hannukah, and New Years holidays. And set-side briefly the frightening wind-blown fire that ravaged parts of Colorado near Boulder; the…
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In a record-breaking year of weather, signs of a changed world

By Sabrina Shankman   12/28/21  
Sometimes climate change is measured in numbers — degrees warmed, greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, extreme highs, acres burned. Sometimes it’s measured in memories — of long-ago December mornings, when the temperature often dipped down…
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Historic U.S. weather events in 2021, by the numbers

By Jacob Feuerstein   12/27/21  
From record-shattering heat to frigid waves of cold, torrential downpours to relentless drought, 2021 has been a year of extremes in the United States.
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2021 brought a wave of extreme weather disasters. Scientists say worse lies ahead.

By Sarah Kaplan and Brady Dennis   12/17/21  
Scores of studies presented this week at the world’s largest climate science conference offered an unequivocal and unsettling message: Climate change is fundamentally altering what kind of weather is possible, and its fingerprint can be…
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How a warming climate may make winter tornadoes stronger

By Ariana Remmel   12/16/21  
Though tornadoes can occur in any season, the United States logs the greatest number of powerful twisters in the warmer months from March to July. Devastating winter tornadoes like the one that killed at least…
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Cold, heat, fires, hurricanes and tornadoes: The year in weather disasters

By Zach Levitt and Bonnie Berkowitz   12/15/21  
Vicious wind and tornadoes put a deadly exclamation point on the end of an extraordinary year for extreme weather in the United States.
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‘This is not normal’: Extreme weather events stun CNN meteorologist

By Tom Sater   12/15/21  
The Midwest is experiencing unprecedented weather with extreme heat and tornado force winds. CNN meteorologist Tom Sater said "this is not December weather."
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‘We can expect more’: Did climate change play a role in the deadly weekend tornadoes?

By Doyle Rice   12/13/21  
A devastating tornado outbreak across five states Friday night left dozens of people dead and reduced hundreds of homes to rubble, and some scientists say this may be the harbinger of future tragedies as the…
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Could The Next Blackout Be More Deadly Than Katrina?

12/08/21  
Having lived for more than 20 years in Houston Texas I have experienced some very extreme weather between hurricanes, floods and freezing temperatures with ice and snow. I learned from the 2005 hurricane Katrina that…
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How climate change and extreme weather are crimping America’s pie supply

By Laura Reiley   11/17/21  
For months, supply chain issues and labor shortages have been putting the squeeze on Mike’s Pies, a popular commercial bakery here that’s been selling pies based off owner Mike Martin’s mother’s recipes for three decades.…
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Extreme Makeover: Human Activities Are Making Some Extreme Events More Frequent or Intense

By Alan Buis   11/08/21  
The year 2021 has seen a flurry of extreme events around the globe. Among the many that have captured headlines so far this year:
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Doctors union warn climate change is damaging patient health

By Wendy Brooking   11/01/21  
A DOCTORS’ union has reminded world leaders of their “moral responsibility” to protect public health, warning that climate change is damaging patient health.
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Hundreds of thousands of power outages remain on chilly night

By John R. Ellement and others   10/28/21  
More than 180,000 Massachusetts electric customers, mostly on the South Shore and Cape Cod, were still without power as temperatures dropped Thursday night and restoration efforts continued after Wednesday’s nasty nor’easter. Utility companies were only…
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The storm that’s lashing Mass. underwent ‘bombogenesis.’ What’s that?

By Martin Finucane   10/27/21  
The strong coastal storm that whipped up so much wind, knocking out power to nearly half a million electric customers in Massachusetts by Wednesday morning, underwent “bombogenesis,” according to forecasters. What’s that? A storm undergoes…
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Longer, more frequent outages afflict the U.S. power grid as states fail to prepare for climate change

By Douglas MacMillan and Will Englund   10/24/21  
Every time a storm lashes the Carolina coast, the power lines on Tonye Gray’s street go down, cutting her lights and air conditioning. After Hurricane Florence in 2018, Gray went three days with no way…
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Extreme tranquility: a record-warm, weirdly calm autumn from Northern Plains to Northeast

By Bob Henson   10/18/21  
The first half of autumn 2021 came in as the warmest on record for a broad set of towns and cities spanning much of the northern tier of the United States. From Bismarck to Buffalo,…
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Frigid West, warm East: Continent divided between clash of seasons

By Matthew Cappucci and Jason Samenow   10/13/21  
Feet of snow have fallen in the West, while the East Coast enjoys a taste of summer
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Disaster fatigue is getting worse with more billion-dollar extreme weather events

By Jen Brady   10/10/21  
Major hurricanes are devastating coastal communities and bringing flooding thousands of miles inland. Wildfires are burning for months. Heatwaves are scorching places where people don’t have air conditioning. Events like these have all happened just…
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State of the climate: Summer 2021 sets new high for average land temperature

By Zeke Hausfather   10/10/21  
The year so far has been one of extremes, featuring record-shattering heatwaves, wildfires and flooding, as well as the warmest-ever northern-hemisphere summer – June, July and August – in the global land-surface record.
Read more

Should You Get Flood Insurance for Your Home?

By Ronda Kaysen   10/08/21  
In the weeks since Hurricane Ida flooded her Maplewood, N.J., basement with eight inches of water, Ingrid Nagy has been trying to figure out how to financially protect herself from the next big storm.
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National TV news keeps ignoring the human costs of extreme weather events

By Evlondo Cooper   10/07/21  
I’m writing this from New Orleans a little more than a month after Hurricane Ida devastated Southeast Louisiana—after most national TV crews have long since packed up and left. A blue tarp lies atop my…
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Jet stream changes could amplify weather extremes by 2060s

09/30/21  
New U.S. National Science Foundation-funded research provides insights into how the position and intensity of the North Atlantic jet stream has changed during the past 1,250 years. The findings suggest that the position of the…
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How tropical storms and hurricanes have hit U.S. shores with unparalleled frequency

By Jason Samenow and others   09/29/21  
Unrelenting and unprecedented, back-to-back Atlantic hurricane seasons have punished the Gulf and East coasts of the United States. An unsurpassed 50 named storms have formed over the warming Atlantic waters since the start of the…
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After Hurricane Ida, Oil Infrastructure Springs Dozens of Leaks

By Blacki Migliozzi and Hiroko Tabuchi   09/26/21  
When Hurricane Ida barreled into the Louisiana coast with near 150 mile-per-hour winds on Aug. 30, it left a trail of destruction. The storm also triggered the most oil spills detected from space after a…
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With extreme weather events and other disasters on the rise, how well are Americans prepared?

By Drew DeSilver   09/22/21  
Powerful storms, wildfires, heat waves and other extreme climate-related events are projected to become more common and affect more people. According to a recent Washington Post analysis, nearly a third of Americans live in a…
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Nicholas, now a tropical depression, brings heavy rain to the flood-battered South.

By Eduardo Medina and Sophie Kasakove   09/15/21  
Tropical Depression Nicholas has unleashed heavy rain across parts of Louisiana this week, raising the risk of severe flooding in an area already battered by Hurricane Ida and still struggling to restore electricity to tens of thousands…
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Louisianans, still recovering from Ida, brace for yet more rain.

By Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs and Sophie Kasakove   09/14/21  
Even as blue tarps cover damaged roofs across Louisiana and more than 100,000 people remain without power, a new tropical storm in the Gulf of Mexico is expected to bring more wind and rain, most likely…
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Nearly 1 in 3 Americans experienced a weather disaster this summer

By Sarah Kaplan and Andrew Ba Tran   09/04/21  
Nearly 1 in 3 Americans live in a county hit by a weather disaster in the past three months, according to a new Washington Post analysis of federal disaster declarations. On top of that, 64…
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Overlapping Disasters Expose Harsh Climate Reality: The U.S. Is Not Ready

By Christopher Flavelle, Anne Barnard, Brad Plumer, and Michael Kimmelman   09/02/21  
The deadly flooding in the Northeast, on the heels of destruction from Louisiana to California, shows the limits of adapting to climate change. Experts say it will only get worse.
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UN: Weather disasters more common, costly but less deadly than in the past

By Jacob Knutson   09/01/21  
Weather-related disasters have become more common and more costly over the past 50 years but so far have killed fewer people than catastrophes in the past, according to a new report from the United Nations' weather agency.
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Extreme Weather Cost U.S. Taxpayers $99 Billion Last Year, and It Is Getting Worse

By Kat So and Sally Hardin   09/01/21  
The climate crisis is here. Extreme weather events fueled by climate change are becoming increasingly more frequent, more destructive, and more costly. Wildfires are burning millions of acres annually.1 Frequent back-to-back hurricanes,2 coupled with increased…
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What Cutting-Edge Science Can Tell Us About Extreme Weather

By Katharine Hayhoe and Friederike Otto   08/17/21  
Hotter, faster, stronger: That isn’t a tagline for the next blockbuster superhero movie. This is what climate change is doing to many extreme weather events. As the planet warms, heat waves are getting hotter, wildfires…
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The State of the Climate is a collection of monthly summaries recapping climate-related occurrences on both a global and national scale.

08/16/21  
The July 2021 contiguous U.S. temperature was 75.5°F, 1.9°F above the 20th-century average, tying with 1954 and 2003 for 13th warmest in the 127-year record. For the year-to-date, the national temperature was 53.0°F, 1.8°F above average, ranking…
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Amid Extreme Weather, a Shift Among Republicans on Climate Change

By Coral Davenport and Lisa Friedman   08/13/21  
After a decade of disputing the existence of climate change, many leading Republicans are shifting their posture amid deadly heat waves, devastating drought and ferocious wildfires that have bludgeoned their districts and unnerved their constituents…
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Extreme weather tormenting the planet will worsen because of global warming, U.N. panel finds

By Jason Samenow and Kasha Patel   08/09/21  
From record-crushing heat waves to ruinous floods and fires, extreme weather has punished the planet in recent months. Human-caused climate change is intensifying these devastating extremes and will make them even worse in the coming…
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Severe storms prompt hundreds of flight cancellations at O’Hare Airport.

By Jesus Jiménez   08/09/21  
More than 300 flights were canceled at O’Hare International Airport in Chicago on Monday after severe weather prompted a ground stop and an evacuation of the airport’s control tower.
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Amid summer of fire and floods, a moment of truth for climate action

By Sarah Kaplan and Brady Dennis   07/24/21  
The panicked commuters of Zhengzhou, China, could only stand on seats and cling to poles in a desperate attempt to keep their heads above the muddy torrent this past week, as floodwaters from record-breaking rains inundated…
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In summer of apocalyptic weather, concerns emerge over climate science blind spot

By Andrew Freedman   07/19/21  
The rapid succession of precedent-shattering extreme weather events in North America and Europe this summer is prompting some scientists to question whether climate extremes are worsening faster than expected.
Read more