Before you do anything else, you might want to check out your home’s specific risks here ….

Extreme Weather


One of the most visible consequences of a warming world is the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The US government’s own 2018 National Climate Assessment Report finds that heat waves, drought, heavy downpours, floods, and major hurricanes have all increased in the US, as has their strength.

It’s affecting us economically: NOAA released a billion dollar extreme weather events map from 2000-2019 pinpointing the US locations where disaster has already struck, followed by a list of the top ten costliest events.

And, it’s affecting us everywhere:

• The Southeast is experiencing hurricanes with stronger wind speeds, more rain, and worsened storm surge — all adding up to more destruction
• The Southwest is seeing droughts lasting way longer than they are historically accustomed to
• The Northeast is the fastest-warming region in the contiguous United States, according to a recent study — and it’s heating up at a rate 50 percent faster than the global average
• Fires have intensified throughout the West as it becomes hotter and drier
• Farmers in the Midwest are experiencing more downpours increasing flooding and erosion

The consequences of doing nothing are severe. A study using FEMA and HUD data in 2017, which looked at the results of federal grants, determined that $1 spent in MITIGATION yielded a $6 benefit. Dissection of those benefits state by state, can be explored here.

At the end of 2019, COLLATERAL, a website focused on Climate, Data and Science from The Weather Channel, published a history of climate change in the last decade by Bob Henson which is stunning in its perception and its diligence. After looking to the future, he closes his article quoting Katharine Hayhoe, and reminding us: “Every action matters. Every bit of warming matters. Every year matters. Every choice matters.”

There are 1,750 designated Superfund sites across the country, 945 of which are at risk of being compromised by climate-driven storms, floods, wildfires and sea level rise. More at InsideClimate News

In the end of June, 2022, Climate Central launched a tool to make every weatherman’s heart glow: called a Climate Shift Index (complete with interactive maps) it shows the daily influence of climate on weather by location!

Michael Svoboda, from Yale Climate Connections, published in August, 2022  another list of great climate change books. His focus, this time, was on extreme weather and the twelve recommendations cover the gamut  from renowned University of Oxford researcher Friederike Otto’s Angry Weather to the newest title in a wonderful series for Grade 3 level readers ranging from air quality to rising sea levels. 



It’s time for Northeast to prep for floods like those that hit this winter. Climate change is why

By Patrick Whittle 02/15/24
After back-to-back storms lashed the Northeast in January, rental properties Haim Levy owns in coastal Hampton, New Hampshire, were hammered by nearly two feet of water, resulting in hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage…
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El Niño is starting to lose strength after fueling a hot, stormy year, but it’s still powerful − an atmospheric scientist explains what’s ahead for 2024

By Paul Roundy 02/08/24
Wild weather has been roiling North America for the past few months, thanks in part to a strong El Niño that sent temperatures surging in 2023. The climate phenomenon fed atmospheric rivers drenching the West…
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California’s Climate Has Come Unmoored

By Ross Andersen 02/07/24
An atmospheric river is exactly what it sounds like: a ribbon of concentrated moisture that can stretch for 1,000 miles through the sky. The one that brought all manner of chaos to Los Angeles this…
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Yes, it’s cold. Yes, the planet’s still warming.

By Derrick Z. Jackson 01/18/24
It’s become a familiar pattern by now. Every cold snap that grips the nation brings with it a bunch of hot air from conservative politicians who seize on subzero temperatures and declare global warming a…
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As Storms Freeze the Midwest, ‘It’s Just Rough Out There’

By Jacey Fortin and Others 01/12/24
High winds and heavy snow turned much of the Midwest into a frosty mess on Friday. Roads and sidewalks across the region became treacherous, forcing some highways to close and grounding thousands of flights.
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Heavy snow in Great Lakes and flood risk in East as latest major storm continues

By Matthew Cappucci, Jason Samenow and Others 01/12/24
The week’s third major storm — and perhaps most powerful — is underway, sweeping from Arkansas on Friday morning to near Chicago in the afternoon and eventually northern Michigan on Saturday. The system is developing…
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‘Astounding’ ocean temperatures in 2023 intensified extreme weather, data shows

By Damian Carrington 01/11/24
“Astounding” ocean temperatures in 2023 supercharged “freak” weather around the world as the climate crisis continued to intensify, new data has revealed. The oceans absorb 90% of the heat trapped by the carbon emissions from…
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Massive storm leaves widespread damage and outages from flooding, tornadoes

By Ian Livingston and Ben Brasch 01/10/24
A 911 operator in Portland, Maine, received a terrifying call Wednesday morning: Winter storm winds had just blown a truck off a bridge and into a shallow tidal basin 30 to 45 feet below.
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New England storm aftermath: Shoreline flooding, evacuations, and washed-out roads

By Emily Sweeney and others 01/10/24
A pounding rainstorm that lashed the region overnight caused extensive flooding along the coast Wednesday, washing out roads, engulfing vehicles, and forcing evacuations in Rhode Island and Hampton, N.H. The storm dropped several inches of…
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2023: 5th-Hottest U.S. Year with Record Billion-Dollar Disasters

2023 was the hottest year on record globally, and the 5th-hottest for the U.S., according to NOAA. Chart-topping temperature rankings are part of a decades-long trend of rapid warming caused mainly by carbon pollution. Chart-topping…
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Polar vortex, extreme weather events set to slam U.S.

By Andrew Freedman 01/08/24
The next two weeks will feature multiple "powerhouse" storm systems and a polar vortex event that together will affect the U.S. from coast to coast, snarling travel, threatening lives and causing damage.
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

The U.S. has sustained 373 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2023). The total cost of these 373 events exceeds $2.655 trillion.
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Extreme weather The big picture

The storm that brought New York City the most snow in more than two years was also one of the biggest forecast busts in recent memory for the highly populated I-95 corridor.

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

Summary of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate related disaster research, methodology, and data sources.

Extreme April heat in Spain, Portugal, Morocco & Algeria almost impossible without climate change

A large area of South Western Europe and Northern Africa experienced extremely high temperatures usually only seen in July and August, at the end of April 2023.

WeatherPower Year in Review: 2022

Climate Central’s WeatherPower™ tool produces daily estimates and forecasts of solar and wind generation at local scale across the continental United States. To study America’s growing renewable electricity capacity and generation, we analyzed WeatherPower data…

12 titles on extreme weather – and how to handle it

With parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States still suffering or recovering from withering heat waves, and with the peak of hurricane season approaching, titles about extreme weather and how to handle it seem…

NOAA tool now brings disaster risk, vulnerability down to community level

A comprehensive update to NOAA’s Billion Dollar Disasters mapping tool now includes U.S. census tract data – providing many users with local community-level awareness of hazard risk, exposure and vulnerability across more than 100 combinations…

Introducing the Climate Shift Index

Climate Central launches the Climate Shift Index—a new tool that shows the local influence of climate change, every day. Climate Shift Index (CSI) levels indicate how much climate change has altered the frequency of daily…

Assessing the Global Climate in June 2022

Globally, June 2022 was the sixth-warmest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date (January-June) global surface temperature was also the sixth warmest on record. According to NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a…

Assessing the U.S. Climate in July 2022

Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

September 2021 Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks

OAA and its partners have released the latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks, which recap summer conditions and provide insight into what might be expected this autumn.

What’s Going On With Extreme Weather?

In recent months, record-high temperatures, flooding and drought have had catastrophic consequences for individuals and communities.

National Centers for Environmental Information

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) hosts and provides public access to one of the most significant archives for environmental data on Earth. We provide over 37 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical…

New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States

According to new data from the Rhodium Group analyzed by ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, warming temperatures and changing rainfall will drive agriculture and temperate climates northward, while sea level rise will consume…

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Attributing extreme weather to climate change.

NOAA’s Weather and Climate Toolkit

NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit (WCT) is free, platform independent software distributed from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The WCT allows the visualization and data export of weather and climate data, including Radar,…

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps

This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. How-to instructions can help you navigate data access tools.

Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU)

EPA's CRWU initiative provides drinking water, wastewater and stormwater utilities with practical tools, training and technical assistance needed to increase resilience to extreme weather events.

Climate Change

This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate…

Is your state at risk?

Climate Central is an independent group of scientists and communicators who research and report the facts about our changing climate and how it affects people’s lives. We are a policy-neutral 501(c)(3) nonprofit.

Explaining Extreme Events OF 2018 From a Climate Perspective

Analyses Of The Northern European Summer Heatwave Of 2018

Climate Central

Extreme Weather Videos


Los Angeles Under Ultra-Rare Blizzard Warning as Freak Weather Swarms the U.S.

By Lauren Leffer   02/22/23  
It’s a weird weather week nationwide. Amid widespread, below-average cold temperatures across the western and northern U.S., parts of Los Angeles and Ventura counties are under a blizzard warning from Friday morning through Saturday afternoon—and…
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Will global warming make temperature less deadly?

By Harry Stevens   02/16/23  
The scientific paper published in the June 2021 issue of the journal Nature Climate Change was alarming. Between 1991 and 2018, the peer-reviewed study reported, more than one-third of deaths from heat exposure were linked…
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An event high above the Arctic may turn winter sharply colder in U.S., Europe

By Andrew Freedman   02/10/23  
A complex and highly consequential weather phenomena is slated to take place next week, as air temperatures about 100,000 feet above the surface, skyrocket and swirling winds around the Arctic slow or even reverse direction.
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‘Historic Arctic outbreak’ crushes records in New England

By Matthew Cappucci   02/04/23  
Parts of the Northeast woke up to the coldest morning in decades on Saturday, with temperatures 30 degrees or more below average and wind chills in the extremely dangerous category. Virtually the entirety of New…
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Dozens of billion-dollar weather disasters hit Earth in 2022

By Jeff Masters   01/30/23  
The year was the second-costliest on record for drought. It also had three mega-disasters costing at least $20 billion, plus a heat wave that killed over 40,000 people in Europe.
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Dangerous ice storm to spread from Texas to the Ohio Valley

By Matthew Cappucci   01/30/23  
A potentially significant ice storm is underway across the south-central United States and will spread northeast and affect parts of the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys by Monday afternoon. Multiple waves of freezing rain, which will…
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Extreme Weather and the Jet Stream

Weather records are now routinely getting shattered across the United States, with recent severe rainstorms in California, freezing temperatures in Texas, and a warm January thaw for the northeast. Jennifer Francis, Senior Scientist at the…
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“Major” atmospheric river storm hits California

By Andrew Freedman   01/09/23  
The most powerful in a "relentless parade" of atmospheric rivers is bearing down on California today through Wednesday. It has brought with it widespread flash flooding, river flooding, mudslides and staggeringly high mountain snowfall totals.
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Why you might want a heat pump in your electric car

By Shannon Osaka   01/07/23  
Electric cars function well in subzero temperatures — but some do better than others. As frigid temperatures sweep across the country once again — and motorists from Buffalo to Seattle have contended with snow and…
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Wild Weather Swings Are Robbing California of Its Trees

By Shawn Hubler and Jill Cowan   01/07/23  
The coast redwood crashed through the roof and into Nicole Valentine’s bedroom while she was away at a party, trying to ignore the powerful storms that were hammering Northern California with fierce winds and rain.…
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Bomb cyclone hits California with flooding, high winds and heavy snow

By Andrew Freedman   01/05/23  
A potent atmospheric river storm associated with a bomb cyclone is producing heavy rains, damaging winds and a significant amount of mountain snowfall in California. Why it matters: The latest storm is just one in…
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Potent atmospheric river storm threatens California with flooding, heavy snow

By Rebecca Falconer   01/04/23  
Californians reeling from a deadly major storm over the weekend are bracing for an even more dangerous atmospheric river event that's set to bring widespread flooding and powerful winds across the state Wednesday and Thursday.
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Bomb cyclone slinging high-impact atmospheric river into California

By Matthew Cappucci and Others   01/04/23  
A dangerous storm system is slamming California, with meteorologists at the National Weather Service warning of imminent “widespread flooding, impassible roads, mudslides/landslides [and] rapid rises in rivers/creeks.” The system, which prompted the Weather Service to…
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Ice storms, heavy snowfall, tornadoes threaten Midwest and South

By Neelam Bohra   01/03/23  
A pounding stretch of rain, wind, and snow that cut a destructive path through California pushed east toward the Midwest and Southern states Tuesday, bringing heavy rain and snow to much of the central United…
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U.S. in for more severe weather as ‘atmospheric river’ arrives

By Lauren Leffer   12/28/22  
The West Coast is bracing for heavy rains and snow as freezing temperatures left a trail of burst pipes across the Southeast.
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Scientists say Arctic warming could be to blame for blasts of extreme cold

By Scott Dance   12/23/22  
Research suggests that climate change is altering the jet stream, pushing frigid air down to southern climes more frequently. But the scientific jury is still out.
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Global warming is real, so why is it cold outside?

By Tiffany Means   12/15/22  
The occurrence of record-cold weather can seem puzzling during an era of global warming. After all, given that the world is getting warmer, how can it also be colder than usual in your backyard?
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Photos: Deadly Tornadoes Pummel Louisiana

By Molly Taft   12/15/22  
Devastating storms ripped through the South as part of a huge front of bad weather moving through the U.S. this week.
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Arctic blast takes aim at U.S. for Christmas, New Years

By Andrew Freedman   12/15/22  
A blast of Arctic air straight from Siberia is poised to spread across the continental U.S. around Christmas, shattering records and potentially spinning up major storms.
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Powerful “Greenland Block” may yield extreme weather through December

By Andrew Freedman   12/08/22  
An extreme weather pattern is affecting conditions across the U.S. and Europe, specifically a powerful area of high pressure across Greenland and Hudson Bay. This feature, known as a “Greenland Block,” along with another weather…
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More Americans are moving into harm’s way as climate disasters increase

By Rachel Ramirez   12/08/22  
People are moving in droves to places with a high risk of climate disasters, researchers say, despite extreme weather events increasing in frequency and intensity in recent years.
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Newly-launched JPSS-2 satellite to help forecast climate change, track extreme weather

By Heather Brinkmann   11/10/22  
A new satellite made to help forecasters better predict extreme weather and monitor climate change is headed to space. The Joint Polar Satellite System-2 (JPSS-2) launched aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket…
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‘Atmospheric river’ bringing rain, wind, snow to PNW

An atmospheric river is bringing strong to damaging winds, heavy rain and below-normal temperatures for the Puget Sound region from Thursday evening through Saturday morning, the National Weather Service said. Snow in the passes is…
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Protecting Communities from Climate Change Is Astronomically Expensive

By Karen Savage and Others   10/24/22  
A proposed series of sea barriers to protect New York’s harbor—which includes parts of New Jersey— from future storm surges? $52 billion. Reducing risk of future damage to Rhode Island’s coast? More than $254 million.…
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World rocked by 29 billion-dollar weather disasters in 2022

by Jeff Masters   10/19/22  
Florida’s Hurricane Ian, a $20 billion drought and heat wave in Europe, and deadly floods in Pakistan are among the catastrophes so far this year.
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Western wildfires are fueling extreme weather in other states

By Kristoffer Tigue   10/18/22  
Scientists are once again sounding the alarm over the intensifying wildfires plaguing the American West. In a series of new peer-reviewed studies, researchers warned that the behemoth blazes of recent years have contributed to a…
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Ian is 15th billion-dollar disaster this year so far

The U.S. was hit with 15 separate billion-dollar weather and climate disasters in the first nine months of the year, according to scientists from NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information.
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Three Ways to Build Back Smarter After Hurricane Ian

By Elena Shao   10/03/22  
The damage from Hurricane Ian will very likely run into the tens of billions of dollars and scientists say the United States can expect more severe storms like it as the planet heats up. They…
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Hurricane Ian’s Devastation Shows the Challenge of Pricing Climate Risk

By Ephrat Livni   09/29/22  
Hurricane Ian, now downgraded to a tropical storm, is expected to inflict as much as $40 billion in property damage claims and much higher total economic losses, RBC Capital Markets analysts calculated in an early…
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Heat deaths, scorched trees and civil unrest: life on the climate frontline in 2022

By Gabrielle Canon   09/29/22  
Damien Gayle, reporter on climate activism When activists from Extinction Rebellion towed a pink boat into Oxford Circus, in the heart of London’s busiest shopping area, and locked themselves to it, they changed the face…
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Strongest storm in decades set to barrel into Alaska

By Zach Rosenthal and Jacob Feuerstein   09/16/22  
A near-perfect storm is set to bring hurricane-force winds and a massive storm surge into vulnerable communities in coastal Alaska.
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Tropical Storm Fiona forms, soon to lash Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico

By Mathew Cappucci   09/15/22  
Tropical Storm Fiona, which formed Wednesday evening several hundred miles east of the Lesser Antilles, is set to lash the Leeward Islands and Puerto Rico with heavy rain, rough surf, coastal rip currents and strong…
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Extreme weather sparked by climate change is putting a strain on infrastructure

By Rachel Martin   09/09/22  
Residents of Jackson, Miss., still do not have drinkable water and are being advised to boil it. The city's water treatment plant was already struggling, but a flood made a bad situation worse. Extreme weather…
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To Probe Tornado Secrets, These Scientists Stalk Supercells

By Mitch Smith   09/08/22  
The supercell was pushing in fast from the west. Wind gusts were approaching a hurricane-like 100 miles an hour. The hilly landscape and limited highway network were not making things easy. “This is not a…
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Heat, Water, Fire: How Climate Change Is Transforming the Pacific Crest Trail

By Rowan Moore Gerety   08/31/22  
In the desert near Agua Dulce, north of Los Angeles, hikers along the Pacific Crest Trail who reached mile marker 502 encountered a cistern of water that smelled bad and tasted worse, with a dead…
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California’s extreme wildfires taking lethal toll on elderly who can’t escape flames

By Alex Wigglesworth   08/26/22  
Ronald Tyra knew it was time to flee when the 100-acre blaze across the street began igniting spot fires as it raced down the mountain. Tyra sped from his Klamath River, Calif., home with little…
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9 reminders that despite the IRA, climate change is still a crisis

By William S. Becker   08/24/22  
“Rare” weather disasters are becoming much more common. There were five 1,000-year events, one each in South Carolina, Texas, West Virginia, Maryland and Louisiana, during a one-year period in 2015-2016. Five-hundred and 100-year disasters are…
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New York City is looking at ‘Band-Aid’ solutions to extreme weather in the near future

By Annie McDonough   08/16/22  
One month ago, a 20-foot deep sinkhole opened on Radcliff Avenue in the Bronx, swallowing a parked van. No one was hurt in the incident, but water service was temporarily cut for 70 homes in…
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Risk of catastrophic California ‘megaflood’ has doubled due to global warming, researchers say

By Louis Sahagún   08/12/22  
Even today, as California struggles with severe drought, global warming has doubled the likelihood that weather conditions will unleash a deluge as devastating as the Great Flood of 1862, according to a UCLA study released…
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Trillions of dollars at risk because central banks’ climate models not up to scratch

By Peter Hannam   08/09/22  
Trillions of dollars may be misallocated to deal with the wrong climate threats around the world because the models used by central banks and regulators aren’t fit for purpose, a leading Australian climate researcher says.…
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Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

The average temperature of the contiguous U.S. in July was 76.4°F, which is 2.8°F above average, ranking third warmest in the 128-year record. Generally, temperatures were above average and/or record-warm across nearly all of the…
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‘They are not slowing down’: The rise of billion-dollar disasters

Brady Dennis   08/04/22  
One battered N.C. community illustrates how summer, fueled in part by climate change, is proving an especially perilous and costly season.
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Right-wing media downplay climate change amid deadly extreme heat, attack idea that we are in a climate emergency

By Zachary Pleat & Ilana Berger   07/21/22  
In Europe, extreme “red” heat warnings were issued in the United Kingdom for the first time, and Wales recorded its highest-ever temperature. Railroad lines, major highways, and airport runways in the U.K. buckled under the…
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Dramatic NASA photos reveal Lake Mead water levels at lowest point since 1937

By Nathan Solis   07/21/22  
Recent satellite images from NASA show the dramatic water loss that has occurred over the last 22 years at drought-stricken Lake Mead, the nation’s largest reservoir and a lifeline for California, neighboring states and Mexico.
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Weather Forecasters Are Now Connecting Hot Days to Climate Change

By Alejandro De La Garza   07/20/22  
Houston, Texas, is experiencing its hottest summer on record, with sizzling stretches of triple digit days and rolling blackouts caused by extreme power demand. Lena Arango, a local meteorologist at FOX26, wanted her viewers to…
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A string of climate disasters strike before summer even starts

By Anna Phillips and Others   06/16/22  
In Montana and Wyoming, massive flooding has destroyed bridges, swept away homes, and forced the evacuation of more than 10,000 visitors from Yellowstone National Park. Half a million households in the Great Lakes and Ohio…
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Tornado Scars Northern Michigan

But on May 20, 2022, record-breaking warmth in the Midwest helped fuel a line of strong storms in Wisconsin that barreled across Lake Michigan without weakening significantly. One of them strengthened and transitioned into a…
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More heat waves, rising seas, and intensifying storms will pummel the Boston area, new report finds

By David Abel   06/01/22  
By the end of the century, average temperatures in the Boston area could increase as much as 10 degrees above 2000 levels, while seas could rise more than 15 feet, under the worst circumstances. Over…
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Record heat fueling violent storms in central U.S.

By Matthew Cappucci and Jason Samenow   05/13/22  
A sprawling dome of summerlike heat has swelled from Texas to Wisconsin and is poised to shatter records in more than a dozen states. Madison, Wis., Chicago, Des Moines, St. Louis, Kansas, Little Rock and…
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North Carolina beach homes collapse from lumbering coastal storm

By Jason Samenow & Brady Dennis   05/11/22  
The two homes along Ocean Drive in Rodanthe collapsed after days of battering from a coastal storm, the National Park Service confirmed — the same storm that unleashed tornadoes in Texas and Oklahoma, as well…
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