Before you do anything else, you might want to check out your home’s specific risks here ….

Extreme Weather


One of the most visible consequences of a warming world is the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The US government’s own 2018 National Climate Assessment Report finds that heat waves, drought, heavy downpours, floods, and major hurricanes have all increased in the US, as has their strength.

It’s affecting us economically: NOAA released a billion dollar extreme weather events map from 2000-2019 pinpointing the US locations where disaster has already struck, followed by a list of the top ten costliest events.

And, it’s affecting us everywhere:

• The Southeast is experiencing hurricanes with stronger wind speeds, more rain, and worsened storm surge — all adding up to more destruction
• The Southwest is seeing droughts lasting way longer than they are historically accustomed to
• The Northeast is the fastest-warming region in the contiguous United States, according to a recent study — and it’s heating up at a rate 50 percent faster than the global average
• Fires have intensified throughout the West as it becomes hotter and drier
• Farmers in the Midwest are experiencing more downpours increasing flooding and erosion

The consequences of doing nothing are severe. A study using FEMA and HUD data in 2017, which looked at the results of federal grants, determined that $1 spent in MITIGATION yielded a $6 benefit. Dissection of those benefits state by state, can be explored here.

At the end of 2019, COLLATERAL, a website focused on Climate, Data and Science from The Weather Channel, published a history of climate change in the last decade by Bob Henson which is stunning in its perception and its diligence. After looking to the future, he closes his article quoting Katharine Hayhoe, and reminding us: “Every action matters. Every bit of warming matters. Every year matters. Every choice matters.”

There are 1,750 designated Superfund sites across the country, 945 of which are at risk of being compromised by climate-driven storms, floods, wildfires and sea level rise. More at InsideClimate News

In the end of June, 2022, Climate Central launched a tool to make every weatherman’s heart glow: called a Climate Shift Index (complete with interactive maps) it shows the daily influence of climate on weather by location!

Michael Svoboda, from Yale Climate Connections, published in August, 2022  another list of great climate change books. His focus, this time, was on extreme weather and the twelve recommendations cover the gamut  from renowned University of Oxford researcher Friederike Otto’s Angry Weather to the newest title in a wonderful series for Grade 3 level readers ranging from air quality to rising sea levels. 



How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land?

One way that the world’s ocean affects weather and climate is by playing an important role in keeping our planet warm. The majority of radiation from the Sun is absorbed by the ocean, particularly in…
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Texas’ Extreme Weather Pileups Point to World’s Climate Future

By Brian K Sullivan, Eric Roston, David Wethe, and Joe Carroll 06/26/24
On a recent weekday morning, Jessica Gutierrez used a push broom to clear mud off a walkway while Shannon Hall walked past her, lugging furniture out to the street. In their front yard sat an…
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Zero: Climate Change Brings Weird Weather… Everywhere

We are living through the hottest year on record. That’s not news, but growing climate impacts make bigger and bigger news. At 1.3C of warming beyond pre-industrial levels, people are reckoning with a planetary system…
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Billion-dollar weather disasters are soaring again this year. Here’s why.

By Matthew Cappucci 06/11/24
May was another exceptionally busy month for severe thunderstorms and tornadoes in the United States, pushing weather disaster costs to their second-highest amount on record to date. Eleven separate billion-dollar weather disasters this year have…
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Mountain highway connecting Wyoming and Idaho could reopen in a few weeks after landslide

By Raja Razek, Susannah Cullinane and Andy Rose, CNN 06/10/24
The major highway near Grand Teton National Park that was closed after a “catastrophic” collapse Saturday could partially reopen in a matter of weeks, according to the Wyoming Department of Transportation.
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Cloudy With A Chance Of Disaster

By Lois Parshley 06/05/24
The rain hissed as it fell, pinging off the awnings of Juneau’s downtown hotels and pitting the dark surface of the harbor, where the season’s remaining cruise ships swayed. The steady September drizzle transformed the…
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Thousands of Americans without power due to severe weather

By Holly Honderich 05/29/24
Nearly 200,000 people across several American states remain without power after an onslaught of deadly tornadoes and thunderstorms.
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NOAA predicts above-normal 2024 Atlantic hurricane season

NOAA National Weather Service forecasters at the Climate Prediction Center predict above-normal hurricane activity in the Atlantic basin this year. NOAA’s outlook for the 2024 Atlantic hurricane season, which spans from June 1 to November…
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From flooding in Brazil and Houston to brutal heat in Asia, extreme weather seems nearly everywhere

By Seth Borenstein, Suman Naishadham and Others 05/08/24
In sweltering Brazil, flooding killed dozens of people and paralyzed a city of about 4 million people. Voters and politicians in India, amid national elections, are fainting in heat that hit as high as 115…
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Mid-Century Climate Change Impacts on Tornado-Producing Tropical Cyclones

By Dakota C. Forbis and others 05/04/24
Tornadoes are a co-occurring extreme that can be produced by landfalling tropical cyclones (TCs). These tornadoes can exacerbate the loss of life and property damage caused by the TC from which they were spawned. It…
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Climate Change Is Coming For Your Insurance

By Lois Parshley 04/22/24
As Hurricane Ida approached New Orleans on a sticky August morning in 2021, Janet Tobias listened to the news, trying to decide if she should evacuate. While she packed, family members called to report they…
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

Summary of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate related disaster research, methodology, and data sources.

What is a landslide and what causes one?

A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope. Landslides are a type of "mass wasting," which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under…

Extreme weather The big picture

The storm that brought New York City the most snow in more than two years was also one of the biggest forecast busts in recent memory for the highly populated I-95 corridor.

National Risk Index Data Lookup

Use the form below to look up the risk details for a specific county or Census tract. As you enter information into the form, the form will update and present you with additional input fields.…

Extreme April heat in Spain, Portugal, Morocco & Algeria almost impossible without climate change

A large area of South Western Europe and Northern Africa experienced extremely high temperatures usually only seen in July and August, at the end of April 2023.

WeatherPower Year in Review: 2022

Climate Central’s WeatherPower™ tool produces daily estimates and forecasts of solar and wind generation at local scale across the continental United States. To study America’s growing renewable electricity capacity and generation, we analyzed WeatherPower data…

12 titles on extreme weather – and how to handle it

With parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States still suffering or recovering from withering heat waves, and with the peak of hurricane season approaching, titles about extreme weather and how to handle it seem…

NOAA tool now brings disaster risk, vulnerability down to community level

A comprehensive update to NOAA’s Billion Dollar Disasters mapping tool now includes U.S. census tract data – providing many users with local community-level awareness of hazard risk, exposure and vulnerability across more than 100 combinations…

Introducing the Climate Shift Index

Climate Central launches the Climate Shift Index—a new tool that shows the local influence of climate change, every day. Climate Shift Index (CSI) levels indicate how much climate change has altered the frequency of daily…

Assessing the Global Climate in June 2022

Globally, June 2022 was the sixth-warmest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date (January-June) global surface temperature was also the sixth warmest on record. According to NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a…

Assessing the U.S. Climate in July 2022

Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

September 2021 Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks

OAA and its partners have released the latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks, which recap summer conditions and provide insight into what might be expected this autumn.

What’s Going On With Extreme Weather?

In recent months, record-high temperatures, flooding and drought have had catastrophic consequences for individuals and communities.

National Centers for Environmental Information

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) hosts and provides public access to one of the most significant archives for environmental data on Earth. We provide over 37 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical…

New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States

According to new data from the Rhodium Group analyzed by ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, warming temperatures and changing rainfall will drive agriculture and temperate climates northward, while sea level rise will consume…

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Attributing extreme weather to climate change.

NOAA’s Weather and Climate Toolkit

NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit (WCT) is free, platform independent software distributed from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The WCT allows the visualization and data export of weather and climate data, including Radar,…

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps

This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. How-to instructions can help you navigate data access tools.

Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU)

EPA's CRWU initiative provides drinking water, wastewater and stormwater utilities with practical tools, training and technical assistance needed to increase resilience to extreme weather events.

Climate Change

This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate…

Is your state at risk?

Climate Central is an independent group of scientists and communicators who research and report the facts about our changing climate and how it affects people’s lives. We are a policy-neutral 501(c)(3) nonprofit.

Explaining Extreme Events OF 2018 From a Climate Perspective

Analyses Of The Northern European Summer Heatwave Of 2018

Climate Central

Extreme Weather Videos


14 confirmed tornadoes from Texas to Florida amid severe storm warnings

By Leah Sarnoff and Melissa Griffin   04/12/24  
Five states stretching from Texas to Florida have faced a severe weather and tornado outbreak this week, causing widespread damage. From late Tuesday night into Thursday evening, there have been 14 confirmed tornadoes throughout Texas,…
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Southeast, Ohio River Valley face tornado, flooding threat from severe storms

By Nick Robertson   04/11/24  
A front of severe thunderstorms is set to batter eastern Ohio and West Virginia on Thursday, after it demolished homes and flooded streets near New Orleans and parts of Mississippi overnight.
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Motorists creep along 1 lane after part of California’s iconic Highway 1 collapses

Motorists crept along one lane of a scenic stretch of California’s iconic Highway 1 on Monday after a giant chunk of it collapsed into the ocean following heavy weekend rains, stranding as many as 1,600…
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This $600k defense against sea level rise could have lasted 3 years. It was destroyed in less than a day

CNN's Bill Weir speaks to homeowners on a disappearing beach in Salisbury, Massachusetts, where a protective sand dune was destroyed during a strong winter storm at high tide.
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Hilary was not a tropical storm when it entered California, yet it had the same impact, study shows

By John Antczak   02/23/24  
Former Hurricane Hilary was actually no longer a tropical storm but essentially had the same impact when its destructive remnants entered California last August, according to a new National Hurricane Center report.
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Disasters Forced 2.5 Million Americans From Their Homes Last Year

By Aidan Gardiner   02/22/24  
An estimated 2.5 million people were forced from their homes in the United States by weather-related disasters in 2023, according to new data from the Census Bureau. The numbers, issued on Thursday, paint a more…
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Strong February Rain Storms Hit Los Angeles Area

The City of Los Angeles maintains its emergency response to the effects of this storm and continues to drive recovery efforts from the previous early February storm.
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It’s time for Northeast to prep for floods like those that hit this winter. Climate change is why

By Patrick Whittle   02/15/24  
After back-to-back storms lashed the Northeast in January, rental properties Haim Levy owns in coastal Hampton, New Hampshire, were hammered by nearly two feet of water, resulting in hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage…
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El Niño is starting to lose strength after fueling a hot, stormy year, but it’s still powerful − an atmospheric scientist explains what’s ahead for 2024

By Paul Roundy   02/08/24  
Wild weather has been roiling North America for the past few months, thanks in part to a strong El Niño that sent temperatures surging in 2023. The climate phenomenon fed atmospheric rivers drenching the West…
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California’s Climate Has Come Unmoored

By Ross Andersen   02/07/24  
An atmospheric river is exactly what it sounds like: a ribbon of concentrated moisture that can stretch for 1,000 miles through the sky. The one that brought all manner of chaos to Los Angeles this…
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Yes, it’s cold. Yes, the planet’s still warming.

By Derrick Z. Jackson   01/18/24  
It’s become a familiar pattern by now. Every cold snap that grips the nation brings with it a bunch of hot air from conservative politicians who seize on subzero temperatures and declare global warming a…
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As Storms Freeze the Midwest, ‘It’s Just Rough Out There’

By Jacey Fortin and Others   01/12/24  
High winds and heavy snow turned much of the Midwest into a frosty mess on Friday. Roads and sidewalks across the region became treacherous, forcing some highways to close and grounding thousands of flights.
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Heavy snow in Great Lakes and flood risk in East as latest major storm continues

By Matthew Cappucci, Jason Samenow and Others   01/12/24  
The week’s third major storm — and perhaps most powerful — is underway, sweeping from Arkansas on Friday morning to near Chicago in the afternoon and eventually northern Michigan on Saturday. The system is developing…
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‘Astounding’ ocean temperatures in 2023 intensified extreme weather, data shows

By Damian Carrington   01/11/24  
“Astounding” ocean temperatures in 2023 supercharged “freak” weather around the world as the climate crisis continued to intensify, new data has revealed. The oceans absorb 90% of the heat trapped by the carbon emissions from…
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Massive storm leaves widespread damage and outages from flooding, tornadoes

By Ian Livingston and Ben Brasch   01/10/24  
A 911 operator in Portland, Maine, received a terrifying call Wednesday morning: Winter storm winds had just blown a truck off a bridge and into a shallow tidal basin 30 to 45 feet below.
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New England storm aftermath: Shoreline flooding, evacuations, and washed-out roads

By Emily Sweeney and others   01/10/24  
A pounding rainstorm that lashed the region overnight caused extensive flooding along the coast Wednesday, washing out roads, engulfing vehicles, and forcing evacuations in Rhode Island and Hampton, N.H. The storm dropped several inches of…
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2023: 5th-Hottest U.S. Year with Record Billion-Dollar Disasters

2023 was the hottest year on record globally, and the 5th-hottest for the U.S., according to NOAA. Chart-topping temperature rankings are part of a decades-long trend of rapid warming caused mainly by carbon pollution. Chart-topping…
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Polar vortex, extreme weather events set to slam U.S.

By Andrew Freedman   01/08/24  
The next two weeks will feature multiple "powerhouse" storm systems and a polar vortex event that together will affect the U.S. from coast to coast, snarling travel, threatening lives and causing damage.
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Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

The U.S. has sustained 373 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2023). The total cost of these 373 events exceeds $2.655 trillion.
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3 climate impacts the U.S. will see if warming goes beyond 1.5 degrees

By Lauren Sommer   11/29/23  
As world leaders gather at COP28, the annual climate change negotiations held in Dubai this year, one number will be front and center: 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit). That's the amount countries have agreed…
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NASA Analysis Finds Strong El Niño Could Bring Extra Floods This Winter

An analysis by NASA’s sea level change science team finds that if a strong El Niño develops this winter, cities along the western coasts of the Americas could see an increase in the frequency of…
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Deadly Storm Ciarán Lashes U.K. and Western Europe With Strong Rain and Wind

By Cassandra Vinograd   11/02/23  
A storm that battered northwestern France overnight lashed Britain and much of Western Europe on Thursday with heavy rains and strong winds that left at least six people dead.
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El Niños Are Predictable. We Should Prepare for Their Possibly Disastrous Consequences.

By Amir Jina, Jesse Anttila-Hughes and Gordon McCord   10/29/23  
As we head toward winter, the good news for those who shiver at the thought of cold weather is that temperatures are likely to be warmer for people who live in the nation’s northern tier.
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Earth had hottest three-month period on record, with unprecedented sea surface temperatures and much extreme weather

Earth just had its hottest three months on record, according to the European Union-funded Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) implemented by ECMWF. Global sea surface temperatures are at unprecedented highs for the third consecutive month…
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Only 7 Counties in America Had an Uneventful Summer

By Jeva Lange   09/03/23  
So here we are: Another summer in the books. After Labor Day, whites go back in the closet; kids go back to school. Astronomically speaking, there are still technically 20 days left of summer, and…
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Atlantic, Pacific Are Simultaneously Churning Up Storm Chaos: Weather Watch

By Brian K Sullivan   08/31/23  
The Atlantic has produced 11 storms so far in 2023 — including three that are currently spinning in the ocean — making it a relatively active year already for tropical systems. The similar patterns being…
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Tropical Storm Harold makes landfall in Texas as Atlantic churns up more storms

By Matthew Cappucci and Ian Livingston   08/22/23  
Tropical Storm Harold made landfall over South Padre Island late morning, bringing strong winds, heavy rainfall, rough surf and some tornado risk. The system hit the Gulf Coast less than 48 hours after Tropical Storm…
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Tropical Storm Harold slamming Texas with heavy rain, powerful winds: Updates

By John Bacon and Jeanine Santucci   08/22/23  
Tropical Storm Harold was pushing inland over Texas on Tuesday with gusty winds and pounding rain, bringing much-needed moisture to the drought-stricken state but also threatening tornadoes and flash flooding.
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California rain totals: Map shows how much rain Tropical Storm Hilary brought

By Jack Lee   08/21/23  
Tropical Storm Hilary brought torrential weather to California this weekend, crossing into the state on Sunday after making landfall in Baja California.
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Tropical Storm Hilary slams Southern California with historic rainfall

By Andrew Freedman   08/21/23  
New rainfall records were set across Los Angeles County after Tropical Storm Hilary crossed into Southern California near Palm Springs on Sunday evening after earlier making landfall in Mexico.
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This summer’s extreme weather may be just a preview

By Andrew Freedman   08/21/23  
The era of simultaneous climate disasters is here to stay. This new reality is now on full display from Texas to the Northwest Territories of Canada.
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Hilary drenches Southern California with record-breaking rainfall as storm wreaks havoc

By Gina Martinez   08/21/23  
The remnants of Tropical Storm Hilary, a Category 4 hurricane when it was churning in the Pacific before crashing ashore in Mexico, brought record-breaking rainfall to Southern California, flooding roads and causing mudslides and rock…
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Tropical Storm Hilary Makes Landfall in Mexico as Early Rain Pelts Southern California

The former hurricane weakened to a tropical storm on Sunday before coming inland over the Baja California peninsula, bringing heavy flooding that forecasters said could extend into the U.S.
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Hilary’s strange trip over the heart of L.A. — even Dodger Stadium

By Rong-Gong Lin II, Grace Toohey and Susanne Rust   08/20/23  
For days, forecasters tried to determine the path of Hilary as it morphed from a Category 4 hurricane in the Pacific Ocean to an exceedingly rare tropical storm that entered Southern California.
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Hurricane Hilary will impact large swaths of California for days. Here’s the outlook

By Gerry Díaz and Anthony Edwards   08/19/23  
Hurricane Hilary will introduce tropical storm-force winds, urban flooding and the risk of isolated tornadoes to large swaths of California on Sunday.
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Hawaii’s climate future: Dry regions get drier with global warming, increasing fire risk − while wet areas get wetter

By Kevin Hamilton   08/16/23  
The islands of Hawaii are world renowned for their generally pleasant and tranquil weather. However, the Aug. 8, 2023, wildfire tragedy on Maui was a stark reminder that Hawaii also can experience drought and hot,…
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Mega storms threaten to flood wastewater plants

Across the U.S., municipal water systems and sewage treatment plants are at increasing risk of damage from floods and sea-level rise brought on in part or even wholly by climate change. (AP video by Brittany…
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Cleanup Begins After Severe Storms Tear Through Eastern U.S.

By Jesus Jimenez and Rebecca Carballo   08/08/23  
Communities from Tennessee to New York were clearing debris on Tuesday, a day after a wide-ranging storm system that tore through the Eastern United States killed at least two people, left more than a million…
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The U.S. just saw its busiest July for severe thunderstorms on record

By Matthew Cappucci   08/02/23  
The severe weather season in the United States usually peaks in April and May, but this year it experienced a midsummer resurgence. Multiple large-scale thunderstorm outbreaks occurred during July and produced the most reports of…
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Record-breaking heat, flooding, wildfires and monsoons are slamming the world. Experts say it’s only begun.

By Li Cohen   07/19/23  
Boiling heat and raging floods have taken the world by storm in recent weeks, plummeting millions of people into dangerous and deadly conditions. But it's not a temporary trip of bad luck – it's the…
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FEMA set to run out of money before peak hurricane season

By Jacob Knutson   07/15/23  
The federal government's disaster relief fund is on pace to run out of money at the height of both the hurricane and wildfire seasons, a top official warned this week. Why it matters: Government funding…
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A hail-battered June adds to billions in U.S. storm damage this year

By Bob Henson   06/29/23  
Countless thousands of Americans this month found themselves racing for cover, fretting about cars and roofs, and covering their ears from the deafening roar of heavy hail. Time and again this spring, and especially during…
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Nearly 200 million under extreme weather alerts as heat and smoke pummel U.S.

By Rebecca Falconer and Andrew Freedman   06/29/23  
Heat warnings and watches are in effect for over 100 million people as a record-breaking heat wave sweeping the southern U.S. continues to expand. Meanwhile, air quality alerts have been issued for an estimated 80…
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El Niño officially develops amid record weather extremes: NOAA

By Andrew Freedman   06/08/23  
El Niño, the ocean and atmosphere cycle in the tropical Pacific that can supercharge global extreme weather events, is officially back after about a four-year hiatus, NOAA announced Thursday morning. Why it matters: El Niño…
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Opinion: El Niño is back. What does that mean for an already overheated California?

By Justin S. Mankin and Christopher W. Callahan   05/25/23  
During the El Niño of 1983, Californians counted their blessings. The warm Pacific waters sloshing eastward certainly brought heavy spring rains and record snow. But the state largely escaped the flood risks being frantically managed…
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Service Advisory

By L.V. Anderson   05/24/23  
In 1984, when Andrew Bader was 5, his parents took him on a cross-country train from California to New York. It was a special trip, one of the last experiences Bader shared with both parents…
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Guam homes flooded, power cut by one of the worst typhoons in decades

By Anumita Kaur and Others   05/24/23  
John Timothy Concepcion barely slept as Typhoon Mawar tore through Guam. The storm’s torrential downpour seeped — then poured — into his home in Tamuning. The 33-year-old spent the night using buckets, old clothes, a…
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El Niño is probably back—here’s what that means

By Jocelyn Solis-Moreira   05/19/23  
This year is going to be pretty unforgettable, and not in a good way. Climate scientists have predicted the arrival of El Niño, a climate pattern that temporarily warms up waters in the eastern Pacific…
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El Niño ripple effects may extend to hurricane season

By Andrew Freedman   05/05/23  
With an El Niño likely taking shape in the equatorial tropical Pacific Ocean, forecasters are already taking into account the likely knock-on effects.
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‘A New Spike’ in Global Temperatures in the Forecast

By Elena Shao   05/03/23  
Forecasters from the World Meteorological Organization are reporting increased chances that the global climate pattern known as El Niño will arrive by the end of summer. With it comes increased chances for hotter-than-normal temperatures in…
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