Before you do anything else, you might want to check out your home’s specific risks here ….

Extreme Weather


One of the most visible consequences of a warming world is the increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The US government’s own 2018 National Climate Assessment Report finds that heat waves, drought, heavy downpours, floods, and major hurricanes have all increased in the US, as has their strength.

It’s affecting us economically: NOAA released a billion dollar extreme weather events map from 2000-2019 pinpointing the US locations where disaster has already struck, followed by a list of the top ten costliest events.

And, it’s affecting us everywhere:

• The Southeast is experiencing hurricanes with stronger wind speeds, more rain, and worsened storm surge — all adding up to more destruction
• The Southwest is seeing droughts lasting way longer than they are historically accustomed to
• The Northeast is the fastest-warming region in the contiguous United States, according to a recent study — and it’s heating up at a rate 50 percent faster than the global average
• Fires have intensified throughout the West as it becomes hotter and drier
• Farmers in the Midwest are experiencing more downpours increasing flooding and erosion

The consequences of doing nothing are severe. A study using FEMA and HUD data in 2017, which looked at the results of federal grants, determined that $1 spent in MITIGATION yielded a $6 benefit. Dissection of those benefits state by state, can be explored here.

At the end of 2019, COLLATERAL, a website focused on Climate, Data and Science from The Weather Channel, published a history of climate change in the last decade by Bob Henson which is stunning in its perception and its diligence. After looking to the future, he closes his article quoting Katharine Hayhoe, and reminding us: “Every action matters. Every bit of warming matters. Every year matters. Every choice matters.”

There are 1,750 designated Superfund sites across the country, 945 of which are at risk of being compromised by climate-driven storms, floods, wildfires and sea level rise. More at InsideClimate News

In the end of June, 2022, Climate Central launched a tool to make every weatherman’s heart glow: called a Climate Shift Index (complete with interactive maps) it shows the daily influence of climate on weather by location!

Michael Svoboda, from Yale Climate Connections, published in August, 2022  another list of great climate change books. His focus, this time, was on extreme weather and the twelve recommendations cover the gamut  from renowned University of Oxford researcher Friederike Otto’s Angry Weather to the newest title in a wonderful series for Grade 3 level readers ranging from air quality to rising sea levels. 


Deadly Storm Ciarán Lashes U.K. and Western Europe With Strong Rain and Wind

By Cassandra Vinograd 11/02/23
A storm that battered northwestern France overnight lashed Britain and much of Western Europe on Thursday with heavy rains and strong winds that left at least six people dead.
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El Niños Are Predictable. We Should Prepare for Their Possibly Disastrous Consequences.

By Amir Jina, Jesse Anttila-Hughes and Gordon McCord 10/29/23
As we head toward winter, the good news for those who shiver at the thought of cold weather is that temperatures are likely to be warmer for people who live in the nation’s northern tier.
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Earth had hottest three-month period on record, with unprecedented sea surface temperatures and much extreme weather

Earth just had its hottest three months on record, according to the European Union-funded Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) implemented by ECMWF. Global sea surface temperatures are at unprecedented highs for the third consecutive month…
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Only 7 Counties in America Had an Uneventful Summer

By Jeva Lange 09/03/23
So here we are: Another summer in the books. After Labor Day, whites go back in the closet; kids go back to school. Astronomically speaking, there are still technically 20 days left of summer, and…
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Atlantic, Pacific Are Simultaneously Churning Up Storm Chaos: Weather Watch

By Brian K Sullivan 08/31/23
The Atlantic has produced 11 storms so far in 2023 — including three that are currently spinning in the ocean — making it a relatively active year already for tropical systems. The similar patterns being…
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Tropical Storm Harold makes landfall in Texas as Atlantic churns up more storms

By Matthew Cappucci and Ian Livingston 08/22/23
Tropical Storm Harold made landfall over South Padre Island late morning, bringing strong winds, heavy rainfall, rough surf and some tornado risk. The system hit the Gulf Coast less than 48 hours after Tropical Storm…
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Tropical Storm Harold slamming Texas with heavy rain, powerful winds: Updates

By John Bacon and Jeanine Santucci 08/22/23
Tropical Storm Harold was pushing inland over Texas on Tuesday with gusty winds and pounding rain, bringing much-needed moisture to the drought-stricken state but also threatening tornadoes and flash flooding.
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California rain totals: Map shows how much rain Tropical Storm Hilary brought

By Jack Lee 08/21/23
Tropical Storm Hilary brought torrential weather to California this weekend, crossing into the state on Sunday after making landfall in Baja California.
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Tropical Storm Hilary slams Southern California with historic rainfall

By Andrew Freedman 08/21/23
New rainfall records were set across Los Angeles County after Tropical Storm Hilary crossed into Southern California near Palm Springs on Sunday evening after earlier making landfall in Mexico.
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This summer’s extreme weather may be just a preview

By Andrew Freedman 08/21/23
The era of simultaneous climate disasters is here to stay. This new reality is now on full display from Texas to the Northwest Territories of Canada.
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Hilary drenches Southern California with record-breaking rainfall as storm wreaks havoc

By Gina Martinez 08/21/23
The remnants of Tropical Storm Hilary, a Category 4 hurricane when it was churning in the Pacific before crashing ashore in Mexico, brought record-breaking rainfall to Southern California, flooding roads and causing mudslides and rock…
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Tropical Storm Hilary Makes Landfall in Mexico as Early Rain Pelts Southern California

The former hurricane weakened to a tropical storm on Sunday before coming inland over the Baja California peninsula, bringing heavy flooding that forecasters said could extend into the U.S.
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Extreme April heat in Spain, Portugal, Morocco & Algeria almost impossible without climate change

A large area of South Western Europe and Northern Africa experienced extremely high temperatures usually only seen in July and August, at the end of April 2023.

WeatherPower Year in Review: 2022

Climate Central’s WeatherPower™ tool produces daily estimates and forecasts of solar and wind generation at local scale across the continental United States. To study America’s growing renewable electricity capacity and generation, we analyzed WeatherPower data…

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

Summary of U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate related disaster research, methodology, and data sources.

12 titles on extreme weather – and how to handle it

With parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States still suffering or recovering from withering heat waves, and with the peak of hurricane season approaching, titles about extreme weather and how to handle it seem…

NOAA tool now brings disaster risk, vulnerability down to community level

A comprehensive update to NOAA’s Billion Dollar Disasters mapping tool now includes U.S. census tract data – providing many users with local community-level awareness of hazard risk, exposure and vulnerability across more than 100 combinations…

Introducing the Climate Shift Index

Climate Central launches the Climate Shift Index—a new tool that shows the local influence of climate change, every day. Climate Shift Index (CSI) levels indicate how much climate change has altered the frequency of daily…

Assessing the Global Climate in June 2022

Globally, June 2022 was the sixth-warmest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date (January-June) global surface temperature was also the sixth warmest on record. According to NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a…

Assessing the U.S. Climate in July 2022

Historic flash flood events juxtapose heat and expanding drought

September 2021 Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks

OAA and its partners have released the latest Regional Climate Impacts and Outlooks, which recap summer conditions and provide insight into what might be expected this autumn.

What’s Going On With Extreme Weather?

In recent months, record-high temperatures, flooding and drought have had catastrophic consequences for individuals and communities.

National Centers for Environmental Information

NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) hosts and provides public access to one of the most significant archives for environmental data on Earth. We provide over 37 petabytes of comprehensive atmospheric, coastal, oceanic, and geophysical…

New Climate Maps Show a Transformed United States

According to new data from the Rhodium Group analyzed by ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, warming temperatures and changing rainfall will drive agriculture and temperate climates northward, while sea level rise will consume…

Mapped: How climate change affects extreme weather around the world

Attributing extreme weather to climate change.

NOAA’s Weather and Climate Toolkit

NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit (WCT) is free, platform independent software distributed from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). The WCT allows the visualization and data export of weather and climate data, including Radar,…

Data Snapshots: Reusable Climate Maps

This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. How-to instructions can help you navigate data access tools.

Creating Resilient Water Utilities (CRWU)

EPA's CRWU initiative provides drinking water, wastewater and stormwater utilities with practical tools, training and technical assistance needed to increase resilience to extreme weather events.

Climate Change

This page provides information about climate change and links to related tools and documents. The page is intended for anyone interested in learning more about our resources and other federal government resources to support climate…

Is your state at risk?

Climate Central is an independent group of scientists and communicators who research and report the facts about our changing climate and how it affects people’s lives. We are a policy-neutral 501(c)(3) nonprofit.

Explaining Extreme Events OF 2018 From a Climate Perspective

Analyses Of The Northern European Summer Heatwave Of 2018

Climate Central

Extreme Weather Videos


Hilary’s strange trip over the heart of L.A. — even Dodger Stadium

By Rong-Gong Lin II, Grace Toohey and Susanne Rust   08/20/23  
For days, forecasters tried to determine the path of Hilary as it morphed from a Category 4 hurricane in the Pacific Ocean to an exceedingly rare tropical storm that entered Southern California.
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Hurricane Hilary will impact large swaths of California for days. Here’s the outlook

By Gerry Díaz and Anthony Edwards   08/19/23  
Hurricane Hilary will introduce tropical storm-force winds, urban flooding and the risk of isolated tornadoes to large swaths of California on Sunday.
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Hawaii’s climate future: Dry regions get drier with global warming, increasing fire risk − while wet areas get wetter

By Kevin Hamilton   08/16/23  
The islands of Hawaii are world renowned for their generally pleasant and tranquil weather. However, the Aug. 8, 2023, wildfire tragedy on Maui was a stark reminder that Hawaii also can experience drought and hot,…
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Mega storms threaten to flood wastewater plants

Across the U.S., municipal water systems and sewage treatment plants are at increasing risk of damage from floods and sea-level rise brought on in part or even wholly by climate change. (AP video by Brittany…
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Cleanup Begins After Severe Storms Tear Through Eastern U.S.

By Jesus Jimenez and Rebecca Carballo   08/08/23  
Communities from Tennessee to New York were clearing debris on Tuesday, a day after a wide-ranging storm system that tore through the Eastern United States killed at least two people, left more than a million…
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The U.S. just saw its busiest July for severe thunderstorms on record

By Matthew Cappucci   08/02/23  
The severe weather season in the United States usually peaks in April and May, but this year it experienced a midsummer resurgence. Multiple large-scale thunderstorm outbreaks occurred during July and produced the most reports of…
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Record-breaking heat, flooding, wildfires and monsoons are slamming the world. Experts say it’s only begun.

By Li Cohen   07/19/23  
Boiling heat and raging floods have taken the world by storm in recent weeks, plummeting millions of people into dangerous and deadly conditions. But it's not a temporary trip of bad luck – it's the…
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FEMA set to run out of money before peak hurricane season

By Jacob Knutson   07/15/23  
The federal government's disaster relief fund is on pace to run out of money at the height of both the hurricane and wildfire seasons, a top official warned this week. Why it matters: Government funding…
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A hail-battered June adds to billions in U.S. storm damage this year

By Bob Henson   06/29/23  
Countless thousands of Americans this month found themselves racing for cover, fretting about cars and roofs, and covering their ears from the deafening roar of heavy hail. Time and again this spring, and especially during…
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Nearly 200 million under extreme weather alerts as heat and smoke pummel U.S.

By Rebecca Falconer and Andrew Freedman   06/29/23  
Heat warnings and watches are in effect for over 100 million people as a record-breaking heat wave sweeping the southern U.S. continues to expand. Meanwhile, air quality alerts have been issued for an estimated 80…
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El Niño officially develops amid record weather extremes: NOAA

By Andrew Freedman   06/08/23  
El Niño, the ocean and atmosphere cycle in the tropical Pacific that can supercharge global extreme weather events, is officially back after about a four-year hiatus, NOAA announced Thursday morning. Why it matters: El Niño…
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Opinion: El Niño is back. What does that mean for an already overheated California?

By Justin S. Mankin and Christopher W. Callahan   05/25/23  
During the El Niño of 1983, Californians counted their blessings. The warm Pacific waters sloshing eastward certainly brought heavy spring rains and record snow. But the state largely escaped the flood risks being frantically managed…
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Service Advisory

By L.V. Anderson   05/24/23  
In 1984, when Andrew Bader was 5, his parents took him on a cross-country train from California to New York. It was a special trip, one of the last experiences Bader shared with both parents…
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Guam homes flooded, power cut by one of the worst typhoons in decades

By Anumita Kaur and Others   05/24/23  
John Timothy Concepcion barely slept as Typhoon Mawar tore through Guam. The storm’s torrential downpour seeped — then poured — into his home in Tamuning. The 33-year-old spent the night using buckets, old clothes, a…
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El Niño is probably back—here’s what that means

By Jocelyn Solis-Moreira   05/19/23  
This year is going to be pretty unforgettable, and not in a good way. Climate scientists have predicted the arrival of El Niño, a climate pattern that temporarily warms up waters in the eastern Pacific…
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El Niño ripple effects may extend to hurricane season

By Andrew Freedman   05/05/23  
With an El Niño likely taking shape in the equatorial tropical Pacific Ocean, forecasters are already taking into account the likely knock-on effects.
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‘A New Spike’ in Global Temperatures in the Forecast

By Elena Shao   05/03/23  
Forecasters from the World Meteorological Organization are reporting increased chances that the global climate pattern known as El Niño will arrive by the end of summer. With it comes increased chances for hotter-than-normal temperatures in…
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El Niño is coming. Here’s what that means for weather in the U.S.

By Bill Chappell   05/03/23  
As hot as the Earth's weather has been in recent years, it's about to get hotter: El Niño is on the way, with warmer sea temperatures promising new weather extremes, U.S. and international forecasters say.…
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A mystery in the Pacific is complicating climate projections

By Bob Henson   04/24/23  
Nothing has a bigger influence on year-to-year variations in the global climate than the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, commonly called ENSO. And the tropical waters at the heart of ENSO aren’t behaving exactly as climate scientists…
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NOAA Forecasters See a Respite for California

By Raymond Zhong   04/20/23  
Less extreme spring temperatures could mean gradual snowmelt and lower flood risks, according to experts. “The picture is relatively optimistic,” one said....
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Why the West Got Buried in Snow, While the East Got Little

By Zach Levitt and Elena Shao   04/12/23  
The Western United States received a lot more snow than usual this season, much of it unleashed by punishing storms that battered California especially hard throughout the winter. Parts of the Eastern half of the…
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At least 3 dead as tornadoes sweep through midwestern, southern states

By Jason Samenow and Others   03/31/23  
At least three people died and dozens were injured as tornadoes swept through parts of Arkansas and Illinois, and an outbreak of severe storms moved across the central United States and the Mississippi Valley.
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This winter was wetter than usual from California to Minnesota

By Alex Fitzpatrick And Erin Davis   03/30/23  
Much of California and the midwestern United States just had some of the wettest winter weather on record, per data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
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Extreme-weather pattern poised to incite more severe storms, tornadoes

By Matthew Cappucci   03/29/23  
The first three months of 2023 have proved unusually active — and deadly — for tornadoes, and the volatile pattern for severe weather shows little sign of settling down. Meteorologists are tracking a disconcerting atmospheric…
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How Mississippi’s tornadoes unfolded overnight and why they were so deadly

By Jason Samenow   03/25/23  
At least 23 people are dead in Mississippi following a terrifying Friday night in which large, destructive tornadoes tore across the state. The violent twisters formed amid a severe weather outbreak that unleashed damage from…
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California’s Atmospheric Rivers Are Getting Worse

By Jake Bittle   03/25/23  
As climate change makes storms warmer and wetter, the state’s flood control system is struggling to keep up.
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La Nina is gone. These were the deadly storms during its run

By Seth Borenstein   03/10/23  
La Nina seem to treat Louisiana....
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La Niña Has Ended, and El Niño May Be on the Way

By Livia Albeck-Ripka   03/09/23  
La Niña, the climate pattern that helped fuel the extremely active hurricane seasons and drought in the southwest over the past two and a half years, has ended, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said…
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California was hit with 12 feet of snow. Is it enough to ease the drought?

By Joshua Partlow   03/04/23  
More than 12 feet of snow has fallen in the Sierra Nevada, shutting down national parks and burying neighborhoods. But the flakes have also felt miraculous, dramatically improving the outlook for California's historic drought....
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A Snow-Buried California Declares State of Emergency

By Angely Mercado   03/02/23  
More than 75,000 customers in California were without power Thursday afternoon after yet another winter storm dumped feet of snow.
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US battered by tornadoes, wind and snow as more storms expected

By Gabrielle Canon and Gloria Oladipo   02/27/23  
More than 304,000 US homes and businesses were still without power on Monday afternoon, following a weekend of wild winter weather that wreaked havoc from coast to coast – and the storms aren’t done yet.…
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A looming El Niño could give us a preview of life at 1.5C of warming

By Kate Yoder   02/24/23  
The last three years were objectively hot, numbering among the warmest since records began in 1880. But the scorch factor of recent years was actually tempered by a climate pattern that slightly cools the globe,…
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Hundreds of Eastern warm records and Western cold records set this week

By Ian Livingston   02/24/23  
Hundreds of warm and cold records have fallen this week as a volatile weather pattern overtook the Lower 48. The Eastern United States is finishing up what has been a wintertime heat wave for the…
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Rare weather conditions are fueling California’s ‘major and unusual’ snow

By Hayley Smith   02/23/23  
The powerful winter storm moving through California is expected to drop heaps of rain, sleet and snow across much of the state, including Southern California, where several feet of fresh powder could fall in the…
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Which U.S. cities will fare best and which will be hit hardest by warming?

By Michael Birnbaum   02/23/23  
A new report by Moody’s Analytics looks at the cities in the United States that are most vulnerable and resilient to climate change.
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Sunny highs to shivering cold: Wild weather swings take a health toll

By Marlene Cimons   02/23/23  
Lily Pien, an allergist at the Cleveland Clinic, drove to work earlier this week in snow and hail. The next day it was 65 degrees and sunny. This weather whiplash had her bracing for an…
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Los Angeles Under Ultra-Rare Blizzard Warning as Freak Weather Swarms the U.S.

By Lauren Leffer   02/22/23  
It’s a weird weather week nationwide. Amid widespread, below-average cold temperatures across the western and northern U.S., parts of Los Angeles and Ventura counties are under a blizzard warning from Friday morning through Saturday afternoon—and…
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Will global warming make temperature less deadly?

By Harry Stevens   02/16/23  
The scientific paper published in the June 2021 issue of the journal Nature Climate Change was alarming. Between 1991 and 2018, the peer-reviewed study reported, more than one-third of deaths from heat exposure were linked…
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An event high above the Arctic may turn winter sharply colder in U.S., Europe

By Andrew Freedman   02/10/23  
A complex and highly consequential weather phenomena is slated to take place next week, as air temperatures about 100,000 feet above the surface, skyrocket and swirling winds around the Arctic slow or even reverse direction.
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‘Historic Arctic outbreak’ crushes records in New England

By Matthew Cappucci   02/04/23  
Parts of the Northeast woke up to the coldest morning in decades on Saturday, with temperatures 30 degrees or more below average and wind chills in the extremely dangerous category. Virtually the entirety of New…
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Dozens of billion-dollar weather disasters hit Earth in 2022

By Jeff Masters   01/30/23  
The year was the second-costliest on record for drought. It also had three mega-disasters costing at least $20 billion, plus a heat wave that killed over 40,000 people in Europe.
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Dangerous ice storm to spread from Texas to the Ohio Valley

By Matthew Cappucci   01/30/23  
A potentially significant ice storm is underway across the south-central United States and will spread northeast and affect parts of the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys by Monday afternoon. Multiple waves of freezing rain, which will…
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Extreme Weather and the Jet Stream

Weather records are now routinely getting shattered across the United States, with recent severe rainstorms in California, freezing temperatures in Texas, and a warm January thaw for the northeast. Jennifer Francis, Senior Scientist at the…
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“Major” atmospheric river storm hits California

By Andrew Freedman   01/09/23  
The most powerful in a "relentless parade" of atmospheric rivers is bearing down on California today through Wednesday. It has brought with it widespread flash flooding, river flooding, mudslides and staggeringly high mountain snowfall totals.
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Why you might want a heat pump in your electric car

By Shannon Osaka   01/07/23  
Electric cars function well in subzero temperatures — but some do better than others. As frigid temperatures sweep across the country once again — and motorists from Buffalo to Seattle have contended with snow and…
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Wild Weather Swings Are Robbing California of Its Trees

By Shawn Hubler and Jill Cowan   01/07/23  
The coast redwood crashed through the roof and into Nicole Valentine’s bedroom while she was away at a party, trying to ignore the powerful storms that were hammering Northern California with fierce winds and rain.…
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Bomb cyclone hits California with flooding, high winds and heavy snow

By Andrew Freedman   01/05/23  
A potent atmospheric river storm associated with a bomb cyclone is producing heavy rains, damaging winds and a significant amount of mountain snowfall in California. Why it matters: The latest storm is just one in…
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Potent atmospheric river storm threatens California with flooding, heavy snow

By Rebecca Falconer   01/04/23  
Californians reeling from a deadly major storm over the weekend are bracing for an even more dangerous atmospheric river event that's set to bring widespread flooding and powerful winds across the state Wednesday and Thursday.
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Bomb cyclone slinging high-impact atmospheric river into California

By Matthew Cappucci and Others   01/04/23  
A dangerous storm system is slamming California, with meteorologists at the National Weather Service warning of imminent “widespread flooding, impassible roads, mudslides/landslides [and] rapid rises in rivers/creeks.” The system, which prompted the Weather Service to…
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Ice storms, heavy snowfall, tornadoes threaten Midwest and South

By Neelam Bohra   01/03/23  
A pounding stretch of rain, wind, and snow that cut a destructive path through California pushed east toward the Midwest and Southern states Tuesday, bringing heavy rain and snow to much of the central United…
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