An executive order is a signed, written, and published directive from the President of the United States. Issuing an Executive Order is not to be confused with taking an Executive Action, which has little legal significance. Executive orders are not legislation; they require no approval from Congress, and Congress cannot simply overturn them.
On May 3, 2019, National Geographic Magazine published an updated timeline (dating back to March, 2017) of the Trump Administration’s first two years of environmental actions and policy changes. Although much of the piece focuses on deregulations, it covers executive orders as well, including two, signed on April 9, 2019, which will smooth the path for companies to build oil and gas pipelines and limit the tools states have to block them, not to mention Trump’s earlier order to increase logging of forests on federal land, signed on December 21, 2018, a day before the government shutdown. More recently, NG decided to follow the campaigns and see what Trump is doing (and promising) and what Biden is promising — if elected.