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Indiana State Profile and Energy Estimates

Indiana lies just west of the Appalachian Mountains and extends 270 miles south from Lake Michigan to the Ohio River. Indiana’s length is almost twice its width, but, with the exception of Hawaii, it is the smallest state west of the Appalachians. Sediments deposited over millions of years, when the state was covered by inland seas and later by lush swamps, became the geologic layers that contain Indiana’s fossil fuel resources, predominantly coal but also crude oil and some natural gas.


More coal was consumed in Indiana than in all but two U.S. states in 2019

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) latest coal data, the 36.7 million short tons of coal consumed in Indiana during 2019 was more than any state in the nation besides Texas and North Dakota. Indiana accounted for 6.5% of the total coal consumed in the United States in 2019.


The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in Indiana

Between 2017 and 2019, Indiana experienced two floods and seven severe storms. The damages of each event led to losses of at least $1 billion.


Indiana Climate Change Impacts Assessment

Nearly three-quarters of Indiana’s electricity comes from coal, and 5 percent is generated by renewable sources, though the wind energy sector is growing and coal use is declining2. This energy mix makes the Hoosier State the eighth-largest emitter of climate-changing gases, at 183 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted per year3.


Indiana Climate Change Impacts Assessment

In the coming decades, Indiana’s changing climate will bring with it higher temperatures, longer heat waves, more extremely hot days and more frequent extreme storm events. Those changes will affect the health of Hoosiers in every part of the state.


State-by-State: Climate Change in Indiana

Indiana’s main economy is agriculture, and, according to a Risky Business report, the whole Midwest region will likely face crop yield declines of up to 19% by mid-century and 63% by the end of the century due to increased temperatures and risk of multi-year drought.


Homegrown Natural Resources

  • But, Indiana is ranked 36th in the U.S. for renewable energy generation, behind other states in the region, including Illinois, Michigan, Iowa and Minnesota.