A: Carbon sequestration, also known as carbon capture and storage (CCS), is a technology that is being pursued which might allow the continued use of fossil fuels, especially coal. Unfortunately, CCS has developed more slowly than expected, and the technology is unlikely to make a major contribution to reducing carbon pollution until after the 2020s. More at The Years Project
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A: Through sea walls, using beaches as barriers, raising roads, building stormwater pumps, upgrading sewage systems, creating natural infrastructure, slowing land sinkage, and managed retreat. Go here to read more about solutions including timelines, and the cities that have successfully implemented them at Medium
A: It has incredible ramifications: for fishermen whose livelihoods are challenged by overfishing and climate change; for farmers for whom kelp is an organic fertilizer perfectly structured to replace chemical fertilizers; for world food resources which, as our population skyrockets, is challenged by the lack of food resources; and finally, for the health of the oceans, as growing kelp decarbonizes the oceans and reduces acidification (which among other damaging consequences, harms shellfish and coral. More at Vice News