Climate literacy—awareness of climate change and understanding that humans are responsible—is necessary for adaptation and mitigation. Levels of climate literacy across Africa are highly variable, with positive predictors of literacy identified, suggesting areas to target for increasing climate change literacy.
More than 80% of trade by volume occurs via maritime shipping, with growing pressure to reduce associated GHG emissions. The top 10 single-direction trade pairs account for nearly 20% of emissions; optimizing trade patterns could reduce emissions by 38% of current totals.
Disclosure of climate risk to investments was expected to drive divestment from high-carbon assets. This Perspective considers the limitations of transparency to shift investment and the different markets of low- and high-carbon assets; mobilizing finance requires more than disclosure.